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CIENEALOGY CCwL-ECfioR 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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3 1833 00676 7633 



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JAMES HEPBURN 

Born, 1747 Died, 1817^ 



GENEALOGY AND HISTORY 



HEPBURN FAMILY 



SUSQUEHANNA VALLEY, 



WITH REFERENCE TO 



OTHER FAMILIES OF THE SAME NAME. 



Remember the days of old, 
Consider the years of many generations : 
Ask thy father and he will shew thee; 
Thy elders, and they will Tell thee. 

— Deuteronomy, xxxii, 7. 



x 



By JOHN F. MEGINNESS, 

Author, of Otzinachson, Biography of Frances Slocum, 
Historical Tournal, etc. 



WILLIAMSPORT, PA. : 

Gazette and Bulletin Printing House. 

i8q4. 



THIS PRIVATE EDITION 

LIMITED TO ONE HUNDRED 

AND FIFTEEN COPIES. 



1186787 

TO THE READER. 

That the desire for a knowledge of family genealogy is growing rapidly, 

and taking deep root in the minds of the people, is no longer doubtful. To 

know something of one's ancestry is a thought uppermost in the minds of 

thousands. This is attested by the many family histories that have been 

written in recent years, and the many that are still in course of preparation. 

Annual family reunions and meetings for the purpose of conferring together 

« ; and collecting and preserving family records are another evidence of this 

V) growing sentiment, and as the years roll on they are likely to increase. 

QK'^ The preparation and publication of this book came about in this way : 

Sometime in 1882 I met my personal friend, Hon. L. A. Mackey, in Lock 

Haven, and he made an earnest request that I should undertake the task of 

writing the "History of the Hepburn Family of the Susquehanna Valley." 

\ On replying that I felt incompetent to undertake such a work, Mr. Mackey 

^s^ quickly replied: " The time has come; you must do it!" We soon after 

pO- parted and little more was thought of the matter until the sudden death of my 

friend in February, 1889, recalled his request made seven years before. Still 

v,^V^ the beginning of the work was deferred from time to time, mainly on account 

Y\ of the difficulty involved in such an undertaking. 

-^ About the close of 1891 Mr. Robert Hopewell Hepburn, of Avondale, 

made a similar request and insisted that I should undertake the work, at the 
same time proffering his aid and assistance in the undertaking. Seeing that 
there was no way of escape, except by a flat refusal, the work of gathering 
'the materials and consulting authorities was commenced and pursued until in 
the autumn of 1894 it was finished, so far as the original scope had been 
outlined. 

The earnest request of my deceased, as well as living, friend has now been 
complied' with, so ftr as I have been able, and the result is herewith presented. 
That it will be found imperfect in some respects there is little doubt ; that 
errors will be detected is probable, for in sifting and condensing the mass of 
materials which had been collected largely by correspondence, transcribing the 
names and dates of births, marriages and deaths'of many persons, it would be 



passing strange if no errors were committed. No perfect book has yet been 
written, and never will be until man is perfect. Those who discover errors, 
therefore, will please cover them with the mantle of charity. 

The history of this family is one which possesses absorbing interest from 
the earliest times to the present. Few families in the course of four or five cen- 
turies can show a continuous line of more distinguished members — of members 
who have been eminent in the professions of law, theology and medicine; of 
members who have distinguished themselves as orators, scholars, soldiers, 
statesmen and politicians. Descendants of this long and illustrious line have 
reason not only to feel proud of their Scottish ancestors, but to honor and 
revere their names and memories. 

To those who aided in furnishing information, and by their influence en- 
couraged the work, my acknowledgments are due and warmly tendered, and 
especially to Mr. R. H. Hepburn, of Avondale, and Mrs. Anna H. Watts, of 
Carlisle, Pa. My humble work is done. 

John F. Meginness. 

WiUiamsport, Pa., December i, iSg^. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 



JAMES AND WILLIAM HEPBURN were prominent 
and representative men in the West Branch Valley of the 
Susquehanna one hundred years ago. The latter came as 
early as i yji, from Ireland, afid at once became identified with 
the struggling pioneer settlers in their efforts to repel the sav- 
ages. The former, who spent about ten years in and about 
Philadelphia, did not locate here until about the close of the 
Revolutionary war, when he engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness, and the buying and selling of land. Through sagacity, 
business tact and enterprise, he accumulated a handsome 
competence ; William became a State Senator, and it was 
largely through his efforts that Lycoming County was 
organized April 13, 1795, and as a recognition of his ser- 
vices he was appointed the first judge. And working to- 
gether, the two brothers were prime movers in laying the 
foundation of what is now the beautiful and flourishing city 
of Williamsport, Pa. 

ORIGIN OF THE FAMILY NAME. 

The Hepburn family was of Scotch origin and of high 
antiquity, the house having been founded as early as 1 200. It 
is not positively known how the name came into existence, but 
there is a tradition that it" originated from the names of two 
rivers. In early times, before Christian names were adopted, 
families were often designated by a title corresponding with 
-some object in tlie neighborhood' where the)- lived. This 
surname underwent many changes in the course of the ages, 
ft is probable, therefore, that the family originally lived near 
two streams from which the name Heborn was deduced. In 
course of time it was changed to Heb'ron, then Hcpborn, 



6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

and finally the transition to Hepburn was easy. In France, 
where members of the family were held in high esteem 
during the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the 
name was written d' Hebron, d'Hepburne, and some- 
times Esbron. During the last two hundred years the 
name in Scotland and America has almost univ^ersally been 
written Hepburn, although there are a few in this countr}' 
who still write it Hepborn. 

Before proceeding with the history of James and William, 
and their descendants, let us look into the history of the 
early families, — for there were several, — that we may better 
understand their distinguished ancestry. It will not be at- 
tempted, however, in these preliminary remarks, to follow 
anything like a connected line of descent in Scotland, be- 
cause at this late day that would be almost impossible, inas- 
much as the origin of the family dates back fully seven hun- 
dred years. Investigations of the early history have been 
mostly confined to Burton, who is pretty generally conceded 
to be the fullest and most accurate of Scottish historians, 
for the purpose merely of showing some of the leading and 
representative members of the different houses and the stir- 
ring and exciting events with which they were connected. 

Many members of the family in early times occupied 
prominent positions in civil and military life, were distin- 
guished as ecclesiastics, poets, divines, judges and advocates, 
and were more or less identified with the fierce political and 
religious dissensions which so disturbed Scotland during 
the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Others sat in Parlia- 
ment and assisted in the framing of laws, whilst others were 
entrusted with their administration. One married a Scot- 
tish queen, another distinguished himself as a soldier in the 
service of Gustavus Adolphus and Louis Xlllth., and be- 
came a Marshal of France, whilst another was prominent in 
the great battle of Waterloo. 

In 1488, in the early part of the reign of James III., when 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. y 

there was much poh'tical friction, as well as many conspira- 
cies, to obtain the mastery, Burton says (Vol. III., p. 32,): 
" Doubtless in the confederacy there were several leaders 
stimulated by personal wrong or disappointment. For in- 
stance, the Howes and Hepburns on the border were angry 
that the revenues of the Priory of Coldingham, which they 
sought to divide between them, should be devoted to the 
support of the King's favorite choir in the Chapel Royal of 
Sterling. But the confederacy, though it might have been 
helped from such quarrels, rested on broken ground." 

EARLS OF BOTHWELL. 

In the peerage of Scotland the Earls of Bothwell, who 
were members of the Hepburn family, occupy a conspicu- 
ous position in history. The rank or title was not fully 
created before 1488. During a disturbance, when James 
III. was on the throne, a rebellious party, headed by Douglas, 
seized a number of his adherents at the Bridge of Lauder 
and hanged them before the King's eyes. A young man 
named Ramsay was saved, and James IV., who had raised 
the standard of rebellion (see Encyclopedia Brittannica, p. 
3593,) against his father, created him titular Earl of Both- 
well. Ramsay very much desired the title in full, but the 
Hepburns had a firm grip on it. "They were of an ancient 
race, these Hepburns of Hailes," says Burton, and \vere 
able to control the appointment. James III. was assassin- 
ated in 1488, and his son, James IV., succeeded him, when 
the question of the earlship was decided. 
■ I. Patrick Hepburn, third Lord Hailes, was made the 
first Earl "of Bothwell. He was the eldest son of Adam, 
second Lord Hailes, and Helen, eldest daughter of Alex- 
ander, first Lord Howe. He was Governor of the Castle 
of Berwick and defended it for a time in 1482, when the 
town was invested by the English, but afterwards surren- 
dered. After a long and eventful history he died at Edin- 



8 THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 

burgh, October 17, 1508. By his wife, Lady Janet Douglas, 
only daughter of James, first Earl of Morton, he had three 
sons and three daughters, viz.: i. Adam, second Earl of 
Bothwell. 2. John, Bishop of Brechin. 3. Patrick, Bishop 
of Moray. 4. Janet, married George, fourth Lord Seton. 
5. Mary, married Archibard, Earl of Angus. 6. Margaret, 
married Henry, Lord Sinclair. 

The grandfather of the first Earl, Patrick of Hailes, was 
the warm friend of Jane Beaufort, widow of James I., who 
died in 1436. She spent her last days under his hospitable 
roof in the Castle of Dunbar. 

With the first Earl of Bothwell we have the beginning of 
a long and distinguished line of descent which has spread 
widely over two continents. And at this point the reader 
is particularly enjoined to note the name of Janet which ap- 
pears at this stage of the history, as it may serve as an im- 
portant connecting link in the line of female descent before 
the close. 

II. Adam, the second Earl of Bothwell, first son of the 
first Earl, fell by the side of his king, James IV., in the bat- 
tle of Flodden Field, September 9, 15 13. 

III. Patrick Hepburn, third Earl of Bothwell (15 12- 
1556), was the only son of Adam, second Earl of Bothwell, 
by his wife Agnes Stewart, married in 151 1, natural daugh- 
ter of James, Earl of Buchan, and full brother of James II. 
He was still a minor when his father fell on the field of 
Plodden, September 9, 1 5 1 3. The young earl, along with the 
Master of Hailes and other Hepburns, received remission 
for treasonable assistance of Lord Howe. Patrick was 
known as the "Fair Earl." He married Agnes Sinclair. 
She belonged to a Norman family, and became the mother 
of a daughter, Jane or Janet, and a son, James, who was des- 
tined to figure more conspicuously in Scottish history than 
any one member of the Hepburn family. The history of 



THE IIEPUURN FAMILY. 9 

Patrick is long and eventful. In 1543 he divorced iiis wife 
and died September, 1556,31 Dumfries. The mother was 
always warmly attached to her son James, and was in fact 
his good angel. She died in 1573. 

IV. James Hepburn, fourth Earl of Bothwell, only son 
of Patrick, third PLarl, by his wife Agnes, daughter of Lord 
Henry Sinclair, was born probably in 1526. He was 
brought up for the most part in the palace — Spynie Castle — 
of his relative, Patrick Hepburn, Bishop of Moray. He 
was well educated under the Bishop. Having been born 
the most richly endowed and powerful nobleman in Scot- 
land but one, great honors sought him early in life. Not- 
withstanding the divorce of his father and mother in 1543, 
James on the death of his father in September, 1556, ob- 
tained unquestioned possession of the titles and estates, as 
well as the hereditary offices of Lord High Admiral of 
Scotland, Sheriff of Berwick, Haddington and Edinburgh, 
and also baillie of Lauderdale, with the custody of Hailes 
and Crichton. Before he was of age he sat in Parliament, 
and when but twenty-eight he was a lieutenant-general. 
His father died reconciled to the queen dowager. Some 
time towards the close of 1560 (see Encyclopedia Brit- 
tannica) he appears to have been one of the lords who 
went over to France to meet the new Scottish Queen, 
Mary. In 1562 occurred the singular and obscure episode 
of the conspiracy between Bothwell and Arran to carry off 
the Queen. Arran was well known to be deeply enamored 
of Mary, and Bothwell intended' to use this passion as a 
means of furthering his own designs against Murray. The 
plot, or" the germ of it, was discovered ; Arran was found 
to be almost insane, and an indictment was laid against 
Bothwell, who fl.ed to France and remained there till 1565, 
when he returned. Bothwell (James Hepburn) was married 
February 24, 1566, to Lady Jane Gordon. He is described 
by the early writers as a singularly handsome man, of ma- 



lO THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

jcstic mien and captivating manners. The times in which 
lie lived were rife with political plots and conspiracies to ob- 
tain power. Being a very ambitious man, it is not strange, 
perhaps, to find him taking suck an active part in many of 
the schemes of the period. Morals, too, were at a very low 
ebb, and there was little hesitancy on the part of political 
aspirants to resort to extreme violence to remove opponents. 
When James Hepburn (Bothwell) returned from France 
the i)art he had borne in the plot against the Queen had not 
been forgotten by the leaders, who feared him, because he 
stood in their way of political advancement. The charge 
against him was renewed by the Earl of Murray (or Moray), 
one of the most desperate and unscrupulous conspirators of 
the time, and the day of trial fixed. But as Murray's 
forces and retainers were too numerous for Hepburn to 
make his appearance with safety, he again fled. He re- 
appeared at court in a short time after the marriage of 
Queen Mary with her cousin, young Darnley, and began to 
rise rapidly in royal favor. After the murder of Rizzio, the 
Queen's Italian secretary, by a band of conspirators, Hep- 
burn escaped from the palace and with great promptitude 
drew together some armed forces for the Queen's protec- 
tion. This movement elevated him greatly in royal esteem, 
and from this time onward he was in the highest favor with 
Mary and all-powerful at court. Some time in 1566 he was 
dangerously wounded when on a judicial tour in Lidder- 
dale. And while suffering from his wound, the Queen paid 
him a visit, riding all the way from Jedburg, where she had 
been attending to some official business. The fatigue of 
this ride of forty miles brought on a severe illness which 
came near terminating her life. After recovery the project 
of a divorce from Darnley was mooted, but she declined to 
favor it. This resulted m his assassination by blowing up 
the building in which he was sleeping. Public opinion was 
greatly inflamed over the affair, and charges were made 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. II 

that Bothwell was concerned in the conspiracy, although it 
never was clearly established that he had a hand in it. He 
was too powerful to be dealt with by the law, and his ene- 
mies, of whom he had many of the most violent kind, were 
forced to remain passive. 

On the 24th of April Bothwell played his last card by 
carrying off Queen Mary to Dunbar Castle, which she had 
granted him some time before. A divorce from his wife 
(Lady Jane Gordon) had been procured May 3, 1567, and 
on the 15th of the same month the royal marriage with 
Mary was completed. She had a few days previously par- 
doned Bothwell for his abduction of her, and had raised 
him to the rank of Duke of Orkney, which showed that 
she was not unwilling to speedily enter into new marriage 
relations, if indeed she was not a strong party to the scheme 
to hurry it along. 

This marriage caused a great sensation in Scotland, as 
well as England, and the aspirants for political places at 
once took advantage of the excited state of public feeling to 
turn the people against Mary and her new husband. The 
great lords, enemies of Bothwell, collected their forces and 
seizing Edinburgh, precipitated a political revolution. Both- 
well and the Queen escaped with the greatest difficulty to 
Dunbar. At Carberry Hill the opposing parties met, and 
after some parleying, Mary abdicated in favor of her infant 
son, with Moray as Regent. 

Bothwell then parted from Mary forever and fled to Dun- 
bar. This exciting event in Scottish history took place 
June 15, 1567, less than a month after their marriage. 
Finding that it was unsafe to remain in the kingdom, Both- 
well sailed for Spynie Castle, north of Elgin, the residence 
of his aged great, uncle, Patrick Hepburn, Bishop of Mora}% 
by whom he had been brought up. Still being closely pur- 
*sued, he took ship, but was captured by a Danish cruiser 
and carried to Copenhagen. The Danish authorities re- 



12 THE HEPHURN FAMILY. 

fusing to give him up, he was removed to Malmo, and after- 
wards to Draxholm Castle, where he died April 19, 1578, 
after having been in exile about ten years. 

Mar)' fled to England and claimed the protection of 
Queen Elizabeth, but her sad fate, February 8, 1586, is well 
known to the general reader. 

James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, was married three 
times. His first wife was a Dane, the second Lady Jane 
Gordon, and the third Mary Queen of Scots. His career 
was a stormy and exciting one. Owing to the bitterness 
existing between the rival factions in the times in which he 
lived, ever}' opportunity was taken to misrepresent his mo- 
tives and malign his character. General DePeyster, in his 
historical and analytical work on Bothwell, arrives at the 
conclusion that he was more sinned against than sinning. 
And this seems to be the consensus of opinion of nearly all 
modern writers on the subject. He always entertained an 
intense hatred of England, which undoubtedly had some- 
thing to do with moulding the feeling of opposition to him, 
which was expressed by the writers of that time, and pre- 
vented them from doing him full justice. His natural 
ability and intellectual attainments were so much superior 
to the majority of the political aspirants of the times, that 
his successes created envy, and desperate efforts were 
made to ruin him. We have had plenty of examples of 
this kind in the history of our own country, when envious, 
vicious and narrow-minded politicians have stooped to in- 
jure and even destroy their successful rivals. 

By his flight from Scotland James Hepburn .sacrificed 
his magnificent estates and costly gifts from the crown. For 
the times in which he lived, and the emoluments he en- 
joyed, he was reputed a very wealthy man. But consuming 
ambition, the allurements of royalty, and the weakness for 
power, caused e\'erything to vanish like the mists of the 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I 3 

morning before the rays of the sun, and he died in po\'ert)' 
and exile. 

V. Francis Stewart-Hepburn, fifth Earl of Bothwell, 
was the eldest son of John Stewart, Prior of Coldingham, 
and brother of the Regent Moray. His mother was Lady 
Jane Hepburn, only daughter of the third Earl, and sister 
of James, the fourth Earl. On the 29th of July, 1576, it 
being wrongfully supposed that his uncle had died in Den- 
mark, he was created the fifth Earl of Bothwell, and ap- 
pointed to man}^ of his uncle's offices. His political career 
was stormy, and at one time he was compelled to fly to 
France. In time he returned and was engaged in military 
operations, but fortune going against him, he took refuge in 
Italy and died at Naples in 1624. He had three sons and 
three daughters, viz.: i. Francis. 2. John, who became 
Prior of Coldingham, and got the houses and baronies be- 
longing to that Priory united in a barony in 162 1. 3. Henry, 
who also obtained a part of the lordship of Coldingham in 
1 62 1. 4. Elizabeth, who married James, second son of 
William, first Lord Cranston. 5. Margaret, married Alan, 
fifth Lord Cathcart. 6. Helen, married Macfarlane of Mad- 
farlane. 

BISHOP OF MORAY. 

Patrick Hepburn, Bishop of Moray, was the natural son 
of Patrick, first P2arl of Bothwell. Scotch history informs 
us that the Bishop was educated under his relative, John 
Hepburn, Prior of St. Andrews, whom he succeeded in the 
" Priory in 1522. From 1524 to 1527 he held the office of 
Secretary to James V. of Scotland. He was prosecuted as 
accessory to the murder of Darnley, but acquitted November 
28, 1567.' He di.ed at Spynie Castle June 20, 1573. He 
had seven sons *and two daughters, but unfortunately their 
names are unknown to the writer. 

John Hepburn, Prior of St. Andrews, and founder of St. 



14 THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 

Leonard's College, was the fourth son of Adam Hepburn, 
second Lord Hailes, by Helen, eldest daughter of Alex- 
ander, first Lord Howe. He studied in Paris and wrote an 
elegant poem on hunting. He succeeded William Carron 
as Prior •f the Convent in 1482. January 14, 1488, he ob- 
tained from the King the custody of the Castle of Falkland 
for five years. He was for some time keeper of the privy 
seal, and is mentioned, May 31, 1504, as Vicar General of 
St. Andrews. In 15 12 he founded the College of St. Leon- 
ard, which he endowed. In 15 14 he was a competitor 
with Gavin Douglas for the Archbishopric of St. Andrews, 
but failed. It was arranged that his brother, James Hep- 
burn, should be made Bishop of Moray, Towards the close 
of his life he surrounded the Priory of St. Leonard's Col- 
lege with a wall, a considerable portion of which — known as 
the Abbey wall — is said to be still standing, and at various 
parts bears his arms and initials with the motto, Ad Vitavi. 
He died in 1522. His monument still stands in St. Leon- 
ard's Chapel, but so worn by the elements as to be unread- 
able. 

James Hepburn, born in 1573, in the shire of East 
Lothian, was the fourth son of Thomas Hepburn, rector of 
Oldhamstocks. He was a Catholic and a great scholar, and 
succeeded in mastering nearly all the languages of Europe. 
He lived at Rome for five years. During his life he did a 
prodigious amount of literary work, being the author of 
twenty-nine books and pamphlets. He died at Venice in 
1620. 

GALLANT SOLDIERS OF FORTUNE. 

Sir John Hepburn, a soldier of fortune, was one of the 
most remarkable men of his time. His history may be 
found in full in a work entitled "Memoirs and Adventures 
of Sir John Hepburn," by James Grant, a Scottish writer 
of reputation. From this work it is learned that he was 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. I 5 

descended from a long line of illustrious ancestors, the Hep- 
burns of Hailes and Bothwell (who deduced their blood 
from Sir Adam Hepburn, a distinguished warrior under 
Robert Bruce, from whom he obtained the lands of North 
Hailes and Traprene.) He was the second son of George 
Hepburn of Athelstaneford, a small property in East 
Lothian, which was' held feudally of their kinsmen, the 
Hepburns of Waughton. 

Grant says that the earliest notice of the family occurs 
on the 24th of November, 1569, when George of Athel- 
staneford was cited before an assize for killing a certain party 
and wounding others, while besieging the " Place and For- 
talico of Waughton," in January of that year, the said 
slaughter having been committed by his son Andrew. 
Nearly all of his surname in Haddingtonshire were con- 
cerned in this affair under Robert Hepburn, younger, of 
Waughton, who was endeavoring to recapture his ancestral 
house from the King's men. Haynes says George Hep- 
burn was acquitted of intercommuning with Harry Hepburn 
of Fortune, and Patrick Hepburn of Kirklandhill, then de- 
nounced as rebels for being, like himself, adherents of their 
Lord and Chief, James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell and 
Duke of Orkney. He was also found innocent of the charges 
preferred against him. 

George Hepburn had five sons, including Sir John, and 
several daughters. He died before 161 6, as in that year his 
eldest son, also named George Hepburn, was " retoured in 
the lands of Athelstaneford." Sir John Hepburn was born 
about the year 1598 or 1600 at Athelstaneford. His kins- 
men, the Hepburns of Waughton, since the days of the 
Earl of Bothwell, had been under ban by the government 
for various 'causes; and at the time when he left his home 
for the camp, his uncle, John, the Knight, was at feud with 
Douglas. 

Young Hepburn is said to have been tall, active, power- 



1 6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

fill, and handsome in figure and face. His manners and 
bearing, when clad in the rich half armor of the period, 
were deemed eminently noble and commanding, bespeaking 
the decision of the soldier, mingled with the politeness of 
the courtier. He rode with skill and grace, and excelled in 
the use of the sword — a science at that time seduously cul- 
tivated among the Scottish gentry, for it was the weapon by 
which all disputes were settled, and to which all men of 
honor appealed. Col. Robert Munro, his friend, in his 
scarce and valuable work, "The Expedition," ever speaks of 
Hepburn with the highest praise. Being "comrades in 
danger," he says, " so being long acquainted, we were com- 
rades in love — first at college, next in our travels in France." 

Hepburn left school in 1614, but at what university he 
studied is uncertain. It is probable that he was the John 
Hepburn who studied at St. Leonard's College, St. An- 
drews, as that university was founded by one of his family, 
John Hepburn, Prior of the Augustinian Monastery, and 
son of Adam, second Lord Hailes. Many students of his 
name were studying there during the first twenty years of 
the seventeenth century. After leaving school he made a 
continental tour, and with his bosom friend Munro visited 
Paris and other places, studying the manners and languages 
of the countries through which they passed. 

The rising fame of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, the 
hero of Protestantism in the Thirty Years War, attracted the 
attention of Sir John and " gave birth to a spark of military 
ardor within his breast, which was never extinguished till 
his death." Soon after his return home from the continent 
a path was opened to the military emulation of the Scots, 
by the spirited attempt which was made in the year 1620 to 
rescue the kingdom of Bohemia from the grasp of the house 
of Hapsburg. A Scottish regiment was being raised by Sir 
Andrew Gray, in 1620, and a camp was formed on a prop- 
erty of the Hepburns in East Lothian, near the village of 



THE IIEriiURN FAMILY. I7 

Athelstaneford. Hepburn joined the regiment. During the 
campaigns which followed, although only about twenty 
years of age, he so distinguished himself by his valor that 
he was given the command of a company in Colonel Gray's 
regiment. 

JiilNS CUSTAVUS ADOLFHUS. 

After participating in many skirmishes and battles, antl 
meeting with reverses. Gray left the regiment, when Hep- 
burn conducted the survivors to Sweden and offered their 
services to Adolphus, who gladly accepted them. Inspired 
by the same ardor for military fame, his cousin, James Hep- 
burn, heir apparent of the ancient house of Waughton, fol- 
lowed him to the Swedish wars, and was his companion in 
all their triumphs, toils, and dangers, amid which he soon 
attained the rank of lieutenant-colonel. The camp of Gus- 
tavus was then the military school of Europe. Sir John 
Hepburn, in the splendor of his arms and attire, outshone 
his comrades so far that he drew upon himself the repre- 
hension of Gustavus — an affront which the haughty soldier 
never forgot. 

In the year 1625 Gustavus appointed the young Captain 
Hepburn colonel of one of those auxiliary Bohemian regi- 
ments of which the First, or Roj-al Scots Regiment, of the 
British Line is now the direct representative. In this im- 
portant command the young soldier, eager for adventure, 
burning for distinction, and impassioned for glory, acquitted 
himself with a valor and ability that few have equaled. 
Hepburn possessed, in an eminent-degree, all those requisites 
necessary in the leader of soldiers of fortune — frankness 
and generosity, prudence or rashness, as the occasion re- 
quired; with a strong power of" perception and stratagem, 
instantaneous decision and action — all of which are so 
necessary to form the character of a great military com- 
mander. Every historian of the wars of Gustavus extols 
the brave Hepburn as the most famous of his cavaliers. An 



1 8 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

old work, published at London in 1771, records that in 1633 
two Scottish regiments were employed to guard the person 
of Gustavus and the King of Bohemia, and he is said to 
have ascribed his great victory at Leipzig to Hepburn's 
Scottish brigade alone. 

In the meantime Hepburn had been knighted for his 
eminent services, and in the records of the time always ap- 
pears as "Sir lohn Habron." In the second campaign 
against the Empire, the Swedish army was almost entirely 
commanded by Scottish officers, and Hepburn's brigade was 
generally known as the " Green Brigade," from the color of 
their doublets, scarfs and feathers, and standards. In his 
thirtieth year Hepburn found himself at the head of the 
four best regiments of the Swedish army. 

COMPLIMENTED BY THE KING. 

Grant relates that after the great battle of Leipzig, Gus- 
tavus, accompanied by a glittering train of plumed cavaliers 
and steel-clad general officers, rode up to Hepburn's iron 
brigade, which was alike his right wing and right arm in 
battle, at the head of which Hepburn was sitting on horse- 
back sheathed in his magnificent armor. Dismounting, the 
King approached on foot, and, while his face was lighted up 
with admiration and respect for the courage and discipline 
of Hepburn's soldiers, he made them a long address, com- 
mending their conduct in the highest terms, and, thanking 
them for their great share in winning the victory at Leipzig, 
promised never to forget the debt he owed them. 

The gallant Hepburn was still rising daily in the favor of 
Gustavus, who found the impossibility of undertaking an 
e.\[)edition of importance unaided by his able counsel, ^nd 
that dashing valor for which he was renowned throughout 
the armies of Sweden, Austria, and afterwards of France, 
and which won for him the reputation of being the best and 
most fortunate soldier of the asre. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I9 

In the campaigns on the Danube and the Rhine Hep- 
burn's star always shone resplendent. When Munich was 
captured he was made military governor for a few days and 
established his headquarters in one of the grand old palaces 
of the city. Soon after this Gustavus, unfortunately for 
himself, quarreled with Sir John Hepburn, and during the 
altercation which ensued he upbraided Hepburn with his 
religion, (he was a Catholic,) and tauntingly referred to the 
extreme richness of his armor and apparel. This was a 
mortal insult to the brave soldier, and he never forgave Gus- 
tavus. The King was extremely sorry for his imprudent 
remark and apologized to Hepburn, but the latter could not 
be reconciled and announced his purpose to leave the ser- 
vice. After performing a few hazardous movements upon 
the urgent request of the King, he returned and approach- 
ing him said : "And now, sire," sheathing his rapier, " never 
more shall this sword be drawn in your service — this is the 
last time I will ever serve so ungrateful a prince!" 

From this time the star of Gustavus entered on its de- 
cline. Luck seemed to forsake him, and in one month he 
fell in battle, shot through the head. The gallant Green 
Brigade was no longer present to protect him. 

IN THE SERVICE OF FRANCE. 

In the autumn of 1632, Hepburn and several other officers 
and soldiers bid farewell to the German wars and repaired to 
London. There he remained for some time, when he en- 
• tered the service of Louis XIII. of France. His new com- 
mission as colonel is dated 26th January, 1633, and he also 
obtained the rank of marechal-de-catnp , which invested the 
holder with the rank of a general officer, and was second 
only to a lieutenant-generals It was his duty to see the 
army properly disposed of in camp or quarters; to be pres- 
ent at all movements that were to be made; to be the first 
to mount his charger, and the last to quit him. 



20 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

In France Hepburn soon gained the friendship and es- 
teem of that wily diplomatist, Cardinal Richelieu. And in 
his letters the Cardinal never mentions him without admira- 
tion, respect, and frequently affection. They had many in- 
terviews on military and other matters of public import- 
ance, for Richelieu enjoyed his lively conversation, frank 
manner, and his bold projects. 

Hepburn's new Scottish regiment in the French service 
was considerably above a thousand strong. In all French 
works Hepburn's name is invariabl)' spelled Hebron, and 
sometimes Esbron, and his regiment was written Le Regi- 
ment d' Hebron. His first campaign was in Lorraine, and 
though bearing the baton of a field marshal, he was only 
thirty-six years old. And, as of old, success attended his 
arms wherever he went. This gave so much satisfaction 
that his regiment was ordered by Louis XIII. to take the 
right of all others embodied. "The King has granted to 
Colonel Hepburn," says Richelieu in a letter to Valette, 
"the ransom of Metternich." This was an especial reward 
for his distinguished services. 

It would prove tedious to recount the many brilliant ac- 
tions and encounters in which Hepburn and his soldiers 
covered themselves with laurels while serving in Lorraine 
during the spring of 1636, with the army under Bernard, 
Duke of Weimar; but so eminent were his services, his valor 
as a soldier, and skill as a leader, that Louis XIII. ordered 
the diploma of a Marshal of France to be expedited under 
his great seal, for le Chevalier d' Hebron, as he was natned 
at the court of Versailles. 

KILLED AT SA VERNE. 

Before Hepburn received from Paris his diploma of Mar- 
shal, he was ordered with his regiment of eight thou.sand 
men to join the expedition against Saverne. The siege of 
this stronghold proved very obstinate and there was much 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 21 

hard fighting. The tall plume of Hepburn waved majesti- 
cally in the thickest of the fight and inspired his soldiers 
with courage. Having somewhat rashly volunteered to ex- 
amine the principal breach in the walls, with his usual cool- 
ness and temerity he approached too near, and at a time 
when the strong batteries of the town and castle were firing 
on the trenches with greater fury than ever. At that crisis, 
a ball shot from the ramparts, either at random, or by some 
musketeer whom the glitter of his rich armor had attracted, 
struck the brave Hepburn in the neck, where his jointed 
gorget failed to protect him, and he sank from his horse, to 
be borne awaj- by his faithful Scottish soldiers, a part)- of 
whom immediateh' rushed forward to his assistance. 

His fall was the signal for a fourth general assault, which 
was successful, and with the familiar din of the distant strife 
in his ears, Hepburn expired, with his unbuckled armor on, 
his sword by his side, and the friends he loved — the com- 
rades of his Bohemian wars, his Swedish and Bavarian 
triumphs — standing sadly around him. He died like the 
hero he had lived, in the blood-stained trenches, with the 
Scottish standard drooping over him, and surrounded by 
the dead, the wounded, and all the frightful debris of that 
protracted siege, just as the sun set behind the mountains 
of Alsace. His last words were touchingly expressive of 
regret that he should be buried so far from the secluded 
kirkyard where the -bones of his forefathers lay. 

GRIEF OF RICHELIEU. 

Thus fell the brave soldier of fortune, ere the baton and 
diploma, that would have made him a Marshal of France, 
could reach the camp. It wason the 21st of July, 1636, 
and when he was not more than thirty-eight years old. 
When Richelieu was informed of his death, he replied in a 
long and feeling letter, in wliich occur, these sentences: "His 
loss has touched me in so sensible and lively a manner that 



22 THE HEriiURN FAMILY. 

it is impossible for me to receive any comfort. ''' * * j 
have paid to his memory all the respect that la\- in my 
power, to express my value for him, ordering prayers to be 
made to God for him, and assisting his nephew (George 
Hepburn, of Athelstaneford,) with what he requires, as if 
lie were m\- son. The ransom of Metternich is secured to 
him, and whatever is due to his uncle shall be most punc- 
tuall)- paid him." 

All French military writers are lavish in e.vtolling /e 
Chevalier d' Hebron as one who, to the most consummate skill 
as a general, united the heroic courage of a soldier with 
every good quality that could endear him to his comrades. 
"Thus," sa\-s the historian of the British army, "terminated 
the career of one of the best officers Scotland ever pro- 
duced." 

Witii his sword, helmet, spurs, and his Marshal's baton 
laid on the coffin lid, his remains were borne, with every 
mark of militarj' respect, to the city of Toul, in Lorraine; 
and there amid all the most imposing solemnities of the 
Catliolic church, his Scottish comrades, and his kinsmen, 
George Hepburn, of Athelstaneford, and Col. Sir James 
Hepburn, of Vyaughton, with the leading nobles and cheva- 
liers of the French army, lowered him into the grave in the 
southern transept of that magnificent cathedral that over- 
looks the ci<-y ; while in honor of high military rank and char- 
acter, his worth and goodness, the bells tolled, the cannon 
thundered from the ramparts, and the most solemn masses 
were said by the Bishop for the repose of. his soul. 

.Such was the respect borne him b\' the court of France 
tliat many \-cars afterwards a noble monument to his mem- 
or\' was erected by Louis XIV. above the place of his re- 
pose. It is still to be seen, says Grant, in the left transept 
of the beautiful old church of Toul, and bears an epitaph 
suitable to the worth of him who so deser\'edly was deemed 



THE HEriiUKN FAMILY. 23 

" iJic best soldier in Christendom^ and conscqncntly in the 
li'orldy 

HIS SUCCESSOR. 

Marshal Hepburn was succeeded in the command of his 
regiment by Sir James Mcpburn, heir apparent of the 
ancient estate of Waugliton, who had served with him in 
Germany. He commanded le Regiment d' Hebron during the 
war in Alsace under Chatillon, and on the i6th of October, 
while fighting in the breach effected by blowing up a nn'ne 
at Damvillers, a musket ball passed through his chest and 
he died from the effects of the wound November 7, 1637, 
nearly one year after his uncle's fall at Saverne. In 1639 
the brothers and sisters of Sir John Hepburn laid claim as 
heirs to his estate to the Lord of Waughton. George Hep- 
burn, son of the eldest brother of Sir John, who was then 
in France, did not sign the bond. The brothers and sisters 
having been confirmed as executors, collected twenty thou- 
sand pounds of a factor in Paris. This was probably the 
ransom of Metternich promised by Richelieu. Soon after 
this, says Grant, the family appear to have become extinct, 
or to have lost their lands, as there is in the Chancery 
Office a charter to Adam Hepburn de Hambie, Knight, of 
the lands of Athelstaneford. 

. EXCITING INCIDENTS. 

In Domestic Annals of Scotland (Vol. I., p. 68,) an ex- 
citing incident of flight and escape is related. On the 7th 
of September, 1570, Robert Hepburn, second son of the 
Lord of Waughton, was a partisan of Queen Mary, although 
she was an exile in England. As he was traveling to visit 
his friends in Lothian, he was betrayed by a companion to 
the knowledge of a party of the Regent's friends, consist- 
ing of the LoihI's of Applegarth and Carmichael. They 
made an effort to arrest him, but he fled with such precipi- 
' fancy to the Castle of Edinburgh, that he passed through 



24 THE HEPBURN FAMH,Y. 

the gate with his pursuers close behind him. At that time 
all those who adhered to the fortunes of the deposed Queen 
were in bad odor with the ruling power, and some of the 
Hepburns were under the ban, as this incident illustrates. 

As an illustration of the violence of religious feeling 
which prevailed in those turbulent times, the same authority 
(Vol. I., p. 285,) relates that March ii, 1596, James Hep 
burn, of Moreland, and a young man named Birnie got into 
a dispute regarding the number of the sacraments. Hep- 
burn strenuously asserted that there were seven, whilst Bir- 
nie as stoutly maintained that there were but two, "or else 
he would fight." Hepburn vehemently declared that he 
would defend his belief with the sword. They engaged in 
mortal combat and both were killed. Could religious fervor 
go further? 

TAX COLLECTING IN EARLY TIMES. 

According to the History of the Western Highlands, 
much difficulty was experienced in tax collecting, and some 
novel methods were resorted to. Sometime in 1605 Robert 
Hepburn, lieutenant of the King's Guard, was sent to the 
Isles to receive from the respective owners of the Castle of 
Dunygrcg, in Lsla, and Dorwart, in Mull, the amount of ex- 
cise due. And in order to prevent the escape of the inhab- 
itants of Kintyre and the West Isles, they were ordered by 
proclamation to deliver their boats to this officer, and at the 
-same time they were prohibited from using boats without 
his special license. While the islanders were thus hemmed 
in the work of collection proceeded. 

LAW AND LITERATURE. 

It is stated in National Biography (Vol. XXVI.) that 
Robert Hepburn, born at Bearford, Haddingtonshire, in 
1690 or 1 69 1, early evinced such a talent for writing and 
study, that he was sent to Holland to acquire a knowledge 
of civil law. After finishing his studies he returned in 17 11 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 25 

to pursue the [)rofession of the law in Scotland. Possessing 
such a taste for miscellaneous writing, he soon afterwards 
started a small periodical entitled The Tattler, by Donald 
McStaff, of the North. It soon became so .satirical and 
personal that he was forced to suspend its publication at the 
end of the thirtieth number. Hepburn was admitted to the 
Faculty of Advocates in 17 12, and died the same year. Al- 
though so young, he was the author of several books and 
pamphlets, and gave great promise of a brilliant career at the 
bar. 

Sir George Buchan-Hepburn, son of John Buchan, of 
Letham, East Lothian, whose mother was Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Patrick Hepburn, of Smeaton, was born March, 
1739. He succeeded to the barony of Smeaton-Hepburn in 
1764, and thereupon assumed the name and arms of Hep- 
burn of Smeaton. In January, 1763, he was admitted a 
member of the P^acult)- of Advocates, Edinburgh, and from 
1767 he was solicitor to the Lords of Session until 1790, 
when he was appointed Judge of the High Court of Ad- 
miralty, Scotland. On the 31st of December of the follow- 
ing year he was made Baron of the Exchequer. He retired 
in 1814, and May 6, 1815, was created a Baronet. Judge 
Hepburn was the author of "The General View of Agri- 
culture and Rural Economy of East Lothian, &c.," in 1796. 
He. died July 3, 18 19. His first wife was Jane, eldest 
daughter of Alexander Leith, of Glcnkurdy and Freefreld; 
and second, Margaret Henrietta, daughter of John Zacha- 
rias Beck, and widow of Brigadier-General Phraser, who fell 
at Saratoga. By his first wife he had an only son, who suc- 
ceeded him in the baronetcy. 

LEADER OF THE Ca.MERONL^NS. 

Burton jnformsMs (Vol. VIII., pp. 162, 239, 388, note.) that 
some of the bold schemers of the period (1706) had ar- 
ranged a plan for bringing the Cameronians and the High- 



26 THE IIF.rBUF^X FAMILY. 

landers to act in concert. A fit man to lead them 
was found in Cunningliani of Eckert, who had held the 
command of a regiment, and had heavy grievances against 
the government for disbanding it and leaving arrears of pay 
unsettled. I Te was to embody his Covenanting army at San- 
([uhar, and at the same moment the Duke of y\thole was to 
assemble the Jacobite Highlanders above the passes. Then 
the two armies were to march north and south until 
they met and then, with brotherly harmony, were to wheel 
round eastward to Edinburgh and disperse the Parliament. 
However well the Cameronians may have been prepared to 
guard their secrets, yet there was more than one man in 
their midst who gave their plans away. 

Rev. John Hepburn, their choice leader, appears to have 
kept the government informed of what was contemplated. 
With a bold ingenuity, "acquired by his caustic studies, he 
justified his conduct on account of the importance of its 
consequences to the peace and stability of the country." 
His career as a priest had frequently been turbulent, and he 
had often been imprisoned. It is said in the pam- 
phlets of the day that, although transferred from prison to 
prison, he managed to preach from his barred windows, 
"sometimes to a considerable congregation, consisting not 
entirely of stray passengers arrested by his uncouth earn- 
estness, but containing some who had traveled from his 
own peculiar western district to drink at the fountain of 
Covenanted truth." " As yet," continues the narrative, 
"there has been no actual severance of this man from the 
church. He was under a sentence of separation, but it 
might be removed. He severed himself, however, from his 
friends and left the leadership that might naturally have 
been his. at this juncture, to another." This was the Rev. 
MacMillan, from whom a section of the Cameronians have 
.sometimes been called MacMillanites; and his second in 
command was the Rev. McNeill. 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.V. 2/ 

MacMillan, like Hepburn, "was besieged by a battery of 
ecclesiastical prosecutions, which he treated with contempt." 
And as a result of this religious friction, it may be stated 
here, that on the 27th of July, 171 2, the first secession from 
the Church of Scotland was organized, known as the Re- 
formed Presbyterian Church. 

In 17 1 5 the Earl of Winton led the detachment from the 
Highland army. Meetings were held in his Castle of 
Seton, and it was among his followers that the first blood 
was drawn in the southern insurrection. The circum- 
stances attending the affair were peculiarly painful. It was 
known that Rev. John Hepburn, of Keith, was preparing 
to join the Earl's standard, and as he was much respected 
by his neighbors, some of them proposed "by a sort of 
gentle violence, to prevent him from fulfilling his intentions 
by bringing him under the law which required suspected 
jjersons to find security to keep the peace." One morning, 
when it was learned that Hepburn had made preparations 
"for putting his foot in the stirrup," and he, "with his large 
family were assembled at breakfast, they were startled by 
the unwelcome vision of a party of the Royalist volunteers, 
headed by two of their own intimate friends, approaching 
the house. Hepburn refused to surrender — called to his 
party to mount, and was the first to fire. It is said that he 
fired in the air; but whether or not he may thus have en- 
deavored to threaten without spilling blood is unknown, and 
his party charged. They were met by the fire of the volun- 
teers, and Hepburn's youngest son, Robert, was shot dead!" 
In a temper little likely to disarm him of his hostility to the 
government, the bereaved, father fled to the borders, where 
the general gathering was to commence. 

The scheme of arrest, which was projected through 
friendship for Rev. John Hepburn, had a sad ending, as such 
schemes frequently have.. It is iregretted that the names of 
th^ other members of his famil)- have not been preser\'ed. 



28 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

As his family is said to have been "large," it is likely that 
there were several sons. If their names were known they 
might clear away the uncertainty which obscures the an- 
cestry of the members of the family which came to Nor- 
thumberland, Pa. 

A IIEKO OF WATERLOO. 

Gen. Francis Hepburn, born August 19, 1/79, was the 
second son (National liiography, Vol. XXVI.,) of Col. 
David Hepburn, of the 39th Foot and 105th Highlanders, 
who served at Belle Isle. His mother was Bertha Graham, 
of Inchbrakie, Perthshire, and he was a grandson of James 
Hepburn, of Brecartown and Keith, who spent his fortune 
in the Stuart cause. Francis was appointed an ensign in 
the 3d Foot Guards December 17, 1794, and rose rapidl}'. 
He served with his regiment in Ireland in 1798, and in Hol- 
land in 1799, and he was wounded badly at Cadiz in 1809. 
He joined Wellington in 1815, and was in temporary com- 
mand of the 2d Brigade of Guards until the arrival of Sir 
John Byng, in May. He commanded his battalion at 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo. Soon after the battle com- 
menced Hepburn was sent with the battalion and took com- 
mand of the troops posted in the orchard of the chateau, 
an important service, the credit of which, by some official 
blunder, was given to a junior officer. The mistake was ex- 
plained officially, but never publicly, and, it is said, was the 
means of tlepriving him of the higher honors awarded to 
other senior officers of the division of guards. He was 
made C. B., and had the fourth class decorations of the 
Netherlands Lion and St. Alexander Nevski in Russia. 
General Hepburn married, in 1821, Henrietta, eldest daugh- 
ter of and co-heiress of Sir Henry Poole, last baronet of 
Poole Hall, Cheshire and Hook, Sussex, by whom he had 
two sons and a daughter. On the loth of July, 1821, he 
was advanced to the rank of Major-General. He died at 
Tunbridge W'ells June 7, 1835, aged 56 years. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 29 

Many members of the Hepburn family in early times sat in 
Parliament, and held offices of trust and responsibility. In 
"Collectanea Genealogica," (Vol. II., p. 178,) may be found 
a pretty full record of those who were favored in this re- 
spect. 

HEPBURN ARMS. 

The arms of Bothwell — James Hepburn, — as they ap- 
peared emblazoned above the stone chimney-piece, in the 
principal room of his castle, are described as follows: 

Gules on a chevron, argent, two Scottish lions rending an 
English rose, (which had been the characteristic cognizance 
of Patrick Hepburn of Hailes, at the great battle of Otter- 
burn,) quartered, azure with a golden ship; three chevronels 
on a field, ermine for the lordship of Soulis, with a bend 
azure for Vauss, lord of Dirltoun. His shield was supported 
by two lions guardant, and bearing on an escroU the motto : 
Keepe Tryste. This was originally written, Kiip Trest — Be 
Faithful. 

For a description of the armorial bearings of a number 
of the heads of other Hepburn families, see Berry's Ency- 
clopedia Heraldica, Vol. II. The following are given : 

Hepburn of Smeaton, gules on a chevron between three 
martlets, argent, a rose between two lions passant, counter- 
passant of the first. 

Hepburn of Humbie, gules on a chevron, a rose between 
two lions, combatant of the first. 

Hepburn of Riccartown, gules on a chevron, argent, a 
rose between two lions combatant of the first, in base a buckle. 

Hepburn of Blackcastle, the same, the buckle being argent, 
crest, a horse's head couped, proper garnished, gules. 

Hepburn— place not given — gules on a chevron argent, a 
rose between twc^ lions passant of the field, with a bordure 
ermine. Crest, a horse-passant, argent, saddled and fastened 
<by the bridle to a tree, under which he stands, all proper. 



SAMUEL HEPBURN. AND HIS SONS. JAMES, 
WILLIAM. SAMUEL AND JOHN. 



I. Samuel Hepburn, father of Jaines. William, Samuel 
and John, who settled on the West Branch of the Sus- 
quehanna River, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, 
was born near Glasgow, Scotland, sometime in the 
year 1698. His remote ancestor was Patrick Hepburn, 
third Lord Hailes and first Earl of Bothwell. His immedi- 
ate ancestor was Rev. John Hepburn, of Keith. He had 
several sons, it will be remembered, one of whom was killed 
under peculiar and painful circumstances. One of his sons 
was named James, known in history as the "Scotch patriot," 
and he became the father of Samuel. The latter named his 
eldest son James, and thus we have the line direct from the 
house of Keith. 

For the truth of this statement we have living testimony. 
Mrs. Virgilia B. Brooke, of 1814 Tioga Street, Philadelphia, 
says: "My mother's sister, Juliana Grant, of Sunbury, Pa., 
married John Hepburn, of Northumberland. Many years 
ago, when I was reading the lives of the Pretenders to my 
father, the late Col, Kenderton Smith, of Philadelphia, he 
told me that James and John Hepburn, of Northumberland, 
were lineal descendants of James Hepburn of Keith, the 
Scotch patriot; that my uncle, John Hepburn, had stated 
this to him." No better testimony to establish the line of 
descent seems necessary. 

The birthplace of Samuel Hepburn, near Glasgow, was 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 3 I 

probably Bothwell Castle. Of his parentage, and how 
many there were in the family, and what his early advant- 
ages were, are unknown ; but there is little doubt that the 
family was of high standing, that he received a good educa- 
tion, and moved in the best circles of Scottish society. 
What trade or occupation he followed is unknown, but 
it is believed that he was brought up to the mercantile 
business. 

About 1746 he married Miss Janet , a Scottish 

lady, but nothing is known of her parentage and family. 
Soon after their marriage the young couple were forced to 
leave Scotland on account of religious persecution, having 
been brought up in the faith of the Covenanters, and they 
settled in Donegal, Ireland. At that time there was 
much feeling existing between the Catholics and Presby- 
terians, and it resulted in many of the latter abandoning 
their native land to seek homes in a country where they 
could enjoy their religious belief with impunity. It was 
this religious trouble which brought about the Presbyterian 
emigration to America, and the immigrants came to be 
known as Scotch Irish. 

FAVORABLE REPORTS FROM AMERICA. 

How long Samuel Hepburn and family were residents ot 
Donegal we have no means of determining, but it must 
have been for many years, for all of his children were born 
there. When favorable reports reached him of the superior 
advantages to settlers in this country, they soon began to 
make an impression on his mind, and he yearned to know 
something more definite regarding them. His sons, James 
and William, therefore, determined to come to America and 
learn foi; themselves the true condition of affairs and report 
to their father., -Early in 1773 they sailed from London- 
derry and in due time, landed at Philadelphia. At that time 



^2 THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 

James was twenty-six and William eighteen years of age. 
Soon after landing the>' started for the interior of Pennsyl- 
vania, being attracted by the reports which reached them of 
the beauty and fertility of what was known as the " New 
Purchase" — or more particularly the lands lying in the 
valley of the West Branch of the Susquehanna. 

James, after familiarizing himself with the new country, 
and being satisfied of its future advantages, made his way 
back to Philadelphia, where he remained for fully ten years; 
but it is believed that in the meantime he made occasional 
return visits to the valley to look after the purchase of 
lands — or rather to locate tracts on which to place warrants. 
William, however, remained, and immediately became ident- 
ified with the militia for the protection of the frontier against 
the inroads of the savages. 

Having received encouraging reports from his sons in 
this country, Samuel Hepburn decided to emigrate also. 
He brought his younger sons, Samuel, Jr., and John, with 
him, and they undoubtedly all remained in and about Phila- 
delphia, for we do not hear of them being on the Susque- 
hanna until several years afterwards. Samuel was so old 
when he came to America that it seems doubtful if he en- 
gaged in any business during his life in this country. That 
he was a man of some means, and assisted his sons in their 
business operations, is probable. 

STORV OF A SHIPWRECK. 

When he became settled he determined to bring his wife 
and daughter to this country. The tradition, as related 
to the writer by a descendant (now deceased), is that he 
despatched his son John to Ireland for the purpose of set- 
tling up their affairs and then accompany them to America. 
His mission accomplished, they sailed from Londonderry 
on the ship Faithful Steward. The voyage proved unevent- 
ful until the coast of New Jersey was reached, when a storm 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 33 

arose and the vessel was driven on the sands and wrecked. 
An attempt was made to land a boat load of passengers, 
but it was swamped by the breakers, and Mrs. Hepburn 
and her daughter were drowned. Tradition says, further- 
more, that the ladies might have been .saved but for the 
additional weight of gold which they had belted around 
their persons. 

There is a conflict of opinion, however, as to the time 
and place this calamity occurred. By some it is asserted 
that the wreck occurred off New Foundland; others main- 
tain that it was on Absecom Beach, New Jersey, and about 
the year 1775. An officer of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania was recently informed from Atlantic City that 
the vessel was wrecked at Absecom in 1765. One boat 
load of passengers, in trying to get ashore, was swamped. 
They had with them a quantity of stamp act paper which 
the officers were anxious to get ashore, and it overloaded 
the boat. Much of this paper was afterwards picked up on 
the beach. From the wreck two sets of English china 
ware were saved, one of which is now at Atlantic City. 

The time given (1765) is probably an error. Doubtless 
1775 was the year meant, as it is so easy to make errors in 
dates. This would harmonize with other events — especially 
with the arrival of James and William Hepburn, which was 
in 1772 or 1773. 

There is another tradition, preserved by the Dougal. 
family of Milton, Pa., which is that the vessel was lost off 
New Foundland. The father of the celebrated Dr. James 
Dougal was aboard the ship and was among the few saved. 
He reached land first, and succeeded in rescuing a young 
man who was in an exhau-sted condition. Edward Cooke 
and family-^brother of Col. William Cooke, of Revolu- 
tionary fame — wqre among the lost. Dougal and Hepburn, 
it is claimed, were the first to arrive and impart the sad 
/<iews to relatives and friends. This report was confirmed 



34 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY, 



by his grandson, Jacob Cooke, of Muncy, Pa., (b. 1797), 
who died in 1887, and the account has been preserved by 
his daughter. Mrs. M. J. Levan, in her scrap-book, who dis- 
tinctly remembers hearing it related by her father when a 
child. Unfortunately the year of this occurrence has not 
been preserved. 

Both traditions are given for the benefit of all concerned, 
without any special attempt to reconcile them. It is possi- 
ble that there were two vessels lost — the " Royal Stuart " 
and the "Faithful Steward," and both traditions may be 
correct. The Dougal tradition is that the vessel was named 
the Royal* Stuart. In that event the other vessel might 
have been wrecked earlier, as reported from Atlantic City. 

However it may have been, the blow was a severe one, 
and cast a cloud of sorrow over the minds of the surviving 
relatives. At this time Samuel Hepburn must have been 
well advanced in years. No records of the ages of the lost 
have been preserved ; neither is the name of the daughter 
remembered. 

DEATH OF THE FATHER. 

Soon after this great calamity fell upon Samuel Hepburn, 
he must have taken up his residence with his son James at 
Northumberland, and he did not lohg survive the crushing 
blow. The inscription on his marble headstone, in the 
cemetery at Northumberland, reads as follows: 

In Memory of 

Samuel Hepburn, 

Who Departed this Life 

January nth, 1795, 

Aged 97 Years. 

Almost one hundred years! By his side lie the remains 
of his .sons, James and Samuel, and two grandsons. And 
within a few yards of their graves repose the ashes of the 

*See sketch of Dr. James Dougal in Meginness' Biographical Annals, 
pp. 106-108, which was prepared by one of his descendants. 



118G787 

THE HEPBURN FAMH>V. 35 

celebrated Dr. Joseph Priestley, discoverer of oxygen gas, 
who died February 6, 1801. There is something sublimely 
beautiful, as well as impressive, in the fact that almost side 
by side lie the mortal remains of the sturdy representative 
of an ancient Scottish house and the great English scientist, 
who electrified the world by his discovery; the frowning 
walls of Blue Hill rise in rugged grandeur but a short dis- 
tance away, whilst the crystal waters of two rivers wash its 
eastern and southern base, and the receding hills, like ocean 
billows, roll away, adding beauty to the glorious natural 
scene which surrounds the place of their burial. 
Samuel Hepburn and his wife Janet had issue: 

2. i. Jnmes, b. 1747; m. Mary Hopewell; d. January 4, 1817. 
it. , daughter, lost by shipwreck. 

3. Hi. William, b. 1753; m. first, Crecy Covenhoven; second, Elizabeth 

Huston; d. June 25, 1 821. 

4. iv. Samuel, h. 1755; m. Edith Miller; d. December 24, 1801. 

5. V. John, b. 1757; m. Mary Elliott; date and placeof death unknown. 

JAMES HEPBURN AND FAMILY. 

II. James Hepburn,^ (Samuel,^) b. 1747, in Donegal, 
Ireland; d. at Northumberland, Pa., January 4, 1817, in the 
71st year of his age. What his early advantages were are 
unknown, but that he received a sufficient education to fit 
him for business is shown by his eminent success in after life 
as a merchant and dealer in real estate. About 1773, in com- 
pany with his brother William, he emigrated to America, sail- 
ing from Londonderry, and landed at Philadelphia. There, 
or in that vicinity, he appears to have remained about ten 
years. That he was engaged in the mercantile business seems 
certain, for on the 7th of May, 1781, he purchased an "out lot" 
at Northumberland, of John Lowden, for ^140, and in the 
conveyance, which may be found on record at Sunbury, he 
is mentioned as^ a "merchant" of Philadelphia. W'x^ first 
purchase at Northumberland was a lot from Benjamin Alli- 
^son, for i^30, situated on North Way Street, containing a 



^6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

"two-Story log house and tenement." The deed is dated 
April 1 8. 178 1. 

On the 17th of December, 1781, he married Mary, 
daughter of Daniel and Mary Becket Hopewell, of Mount 
Holly, New Jersey. The mother of his wife was a de Nor- 
mandie, of France, and fled to England during the Huguenot 
persecutions, where she met and married Mr. Becket. 
They had two daughters. Mary and Elizabeth. The family 
tradition is that their parents did not come to this country, 
but the daughters came and lived with their uncle. Dr. John 
de Normandie, at Bristol, Pa. Mary married Daniel Hope- 
well, of Mount Holly, New Jersey, and her daughter, Mary, 
married James Hepburn, as stated above. 

How long Mr. Hepburn remained at Mount Holly after 
his marriage is uncertain. Some claim that his eldest .son, 
Samuel, was born there ; others that he was born in Phila- 
delphia.* Probably, while he was closing up his business 
in Philadelphia, with the intention of settling at Northum- 
berland, — for we have seen that he had purchased real estate 
there before his marriage, — his wife remained at Mount 
Holly with her parents. The war had not then closed, and 
the Indians were still demonstrative in the vicinity of 
Northumberland, rendering it unsafe for two or three years 
afterwards for settlers along the river. 

SETTLE.S AT NORTHUMBERLAND. 

That James Hepburn had determined to setde at Northum- 
berland there is no doubt, else he would not have made the 
investments he did. During his early visits to the valley of 
the Susquehanna his attention was attracted by the pictur- 
esque beauty of its scenery and the richness and fertility 
of its soil. He quickly perceived that the country possessed 

*Dr. James Curtis Hepburn, LL. D., son of Samuel, and missionary to 
Japan, says that his father was born in Philadelphia, November 5, 1782, This 
should settle the matter beyond all dispute. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 37 

great natural advantages. At that time Northumberland, 
on account of its peculiarly eligible location at the junction 
of the North and West Branches of the Susquehanna River, 
promised to become a place of great commercial importance. 
It was laid out as early as 1772, and soon after attracted 
settlers of wealth and culture on account of its apparent 
advantages, and the natural grandeur and beauty of its sur- 
roundings. 

The Revolution having ended, he soon decided what to 
do, and he entered into copartnership with John Cowden, 
and the firm of Hepburn & Cowden, dealers in merchan- 
dise, was organized. The year they commenced business is 
not clearly established. Hepburn's name first appears on 
the assessment books of Point Township (which included 
Northumberland) for the year 1787, which would indicate 
that he was there in 1786. The firm appears a year or two 
later. In 1787 he was assessed with "one house and lot, 
i^400; two lots, ^100; two out lots, ^^50; two horses and 
cows, ^26; total valuation, ^^576." In 1788 he was assessed 
with "one servant, five years, ^^5." No "servant" appears 
afterwards on the assessments. The last assessment, made 
in 1 8 16, the year before he died, is as follows : " Three houses, 
;^i,500; store and wharf, ^1,000; land on the river, $850; 
on the hills, $725." 

PURCHASE OF HISTORIC LANDS. 

The desire to acquire* lands seems to have been one of the 
governing principles of James Hepburn. The records at 
Sunbury show that on the 5th of March, 1783, he pur- 
chased an out lot at Northumberland, of the Reuben Haines 
estate, containing 1 1 acres and 1 1 3 perches, for £(^0. Sep- 
tember 7, 1785, lot of ground in Bald Eagle Township, of 
John Chatham, fos j^i I. 

By pre-emption warrant, dated September 3, 1785, he 
attquired a tract of land situated in what is known as Level 



38 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Corner, Lycoming County, called "Conquest," containing 
191 acres and (>■] perches. This tract he afterwards sold to 
Robert Covenhoven. the famous Indian scout and Revo- 
lutionary soldier, for ;^3io 15s. 8d., and the deed was made 
August 1 1 , 1790. It is a well known farm, and after passing 
through several hands, is now owned by Jesse B. Carpenter. 

By patent dated June 29, 1787, he became the owner of 
the Antrim tract of 400 acres, situated on the east side of 
Sinnemahoning Creek. The patent was signed by "His 
E.xcellency Benjamin Franklin, Esq., President of the Su- 
preme Executive Council," and the original is now in the 
hands of Mr. A. D. Hepburn, a great-grandson, and resident 
of Philadelphia. During the same month he also became 
the owner of a tract of 403^ acres situated on the head- 
waters of Tangascootack, in what is now Clinton County, Pa. 
Bituminous coal was discovered on this land at an early 
day, and it is said that his heirs were the first to mine coal 
and ship it to Marietta and Columbia by barges. 

He also became the owner of 200 acres in District No. 3 
of the " Depreciation Lands," on the Allegheny River. The 
grant was originally made to William Stewart, who conveyed 
the same to Hepburn, in fee, March i, 1788. This land 
laid west of Allegheny City. 

On the 25th of April, 1788, he purchased 120 acres 
of Thomas Pollock, for ^^8 5 14s. 3d. This land is described 
as lying on Muddy Run, near the present town of Milton, 
and Pollock's warrant was dated June 2, 1786. On the 7th 
of April, 1787, he purchased 9 acres of David Hammond, 
for ^13 los. This land was situated in Turbutt Township. 

Once fairly under way, the mercantile firm of Cowden & 
Hepburn evidently did a large business, and it was soon 
recognized as one of the leading and substantial houses of 
the county. Banking was also made a branch of their busi- 
ness, for on the 29th of September. 1790, the Hon. William 
Wilson informed Governor Mifflin that he had drawn on him 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 39 

for " fifty dollars specie " in favor of Hepburn & Cowden. 
This was for expenses incurred in the arrest of Samuel Doyle 
for being concerned with the Walker brothers in the killing 
of two friendly Seneca Indians, near the mouth of Pine Creek, 
in June, 1790, for boasting, while intoxicated, that the\' had 
killed and scalped the father of the Walkers near Northum- 
berland, in 1783. Out of this tragedy grew an intricate land 
transaction. Benjamin W^alker and his two brothers were 
forced to become fugitives to avoid arrest for killing the 
Indians in time of peace. Their father, John Walker, had 
pre-empted a tract of 292 acres and iz^2 perches, called Good 
Hope, east of the mouth of Pine Creek, in what is now Ly- 
coming County. The heirs of John Walker sold this land 
in trust to James Hepburn, October 10, 1794, for ^665. 
The conveyance was made by William Morrison, who was 
the husband of Sarah Walker, a sister of the Indian killers.* 
May 4, 1 79 1, William Marshall sold James Hepburn 200 
acres of land in Pine Creek Township, for ii^ioo. This town- 
ship is now embraced in Clinton County, Pa. The next 
purchase was a lot in Northumberland, of the Reuben Haines 
estate, for £2^, on the 27th of September, 1797. It was 
called an out lot. The firm also owned several lots, and 
they had one in Lewisburg. 

A GREAT LAND OPERATION. 

In the largest purchase of lands James and William Hep- 
burn were joint partners, and their Jirst great contract was 
in the form of an agreement to purchase 600 acres of land 
lying on the rich alluvial plain north of the present borough 
of Montoursville, Lycoming County. The great mountain 
stream known as the Loyalsock runs west of this tract. Here 
the Wyckoff family, when they came from New Jersey, con- 

*And it may be mentioned as a singular fact — after a lapse of one hundred 
years — that a portion of this tract (115 acres) now belongs to McClellan P. 
I^epburn, a great-grandson. 



40 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

traded for the purchase of a large body of land ; and it was 
on this land that a bloody fight* with the Indians occurred 
June 10, 1778, and Peter Wyckoff was taken prisoner and 
carried into captivity. 

And as the acquisition of this fine body of land marks 
the beginning of the great land operations of the Hepburn 
brothers, the article of agreement, drawn in the quaint En- 
glish style of the time, is given in full. It may be found in 
Deed Book E, p. 118, Sunbury, and is as follows : 

ARTICLE OF AGREEMENT made and concluded this 
17th of March, 1779, between Peter Wychof of the one part, 
and William Hepburn in equal partnership and in behalf of 
and with his brother James Hepburn, all three of the Town- 
ship of Muncy, County of Northumberland, and State of 
Pennsylvania, witnesseth : 

That for and in consideration of the purchase money 
hereinafter mentioned, the aforesaid Peter Wychof hath 
granted, bargained and sold, and by these presents doth 
grant, bargain and sell unto the aforesaid William Hepburn 
in partnership with his brother James as above described or 
mentioned, a certain tract and parcel of land in the Town- 
ship of Muncy, being part of his place he lately bought 
of Andrew Stroup. described as follows : Beginning at a 
marked elm, a corner of said tract, thence south 50 degrees 
east 294 perches to a white oak, thence south 30 degrees 
west 159 perches to a post, thence west 327 perches to a 
post, thence north to the Mill Run.f thence up the same 
the several courses and distances to the mouth of a certain 
gut leading down from a post, the aforesaid elm corner, 
thence up by the same to the place of beginning, supposed 
to contain 600 acres and the usual allowances of six per 
cent, be the same more or less, at £a, per acre, exclusive of 
said allowance. 

But if on inspection there should not be found within the 
aforesaid limit 600 acres and allowances as aforesaid, that 

*For a full account of that bloody affair and the misfortunes of the Wyckoff 
family, see Revised History of the West Branch Valley, pp. 537-9. 
f Now known as Mill Creek. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 4I 

then it shall be made up by starting at the mouth of the 
said gut where it empties into the aforesaid Mill Run, and 
from thence cutting off as much of the lower end of the 
remainder of said Wychof's tract as will malce up 600 acres 
and the usual allowances. And the said William Hepburn's 
heirs, &c., or either of them, is to pay said Peter Wychof, 
his heirs, &c., or assigns, the first payment to wit: ij"iOOO 
current money on or before the first day of March next, at 
which time Peter Wychof, his heirs, &c., is to make two 
sufficient deeds for said tract clear of all encumbrances — the 
Proprietaries quit rents accruing hereafter excepted — to said 
William Hepburn and his brother James, their heirs, &c., 
according as they may see fit to divide said tract, they giving 
bonds for the remainder of said purchase mone\', the one 
half of which is to be paid on or before the ist day of 
November next, and the other half against the ist day of 
May in the year 1780. Both of the aforesaid payments in 
current money; and also at the payment of the ^lOOO, the 
said Peter Wychof, his heirs, &c., to deliver up quiet and 
peaceable possession of the aforesaid premises to the said 
William and James Hepburn, their heirs, &c., free from any 
let, hinderance or interruption from him or any by or under 
him on any pretence whatsoever. In the true performance of 
all and every the above articles and agreements each of the 
said parties have bound themselves to each other, on failure 
thereof, in the penal sum of ^^"4,800 like money aforesaid. 

In testimony whereof the parties have hereunto inter- 
changeably set their hands and seals the day and year first 
above written. 

. - ^ Peter Wychof. 

William Hepburn. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of James 
Covenhoven and Andrew Culbertson. 

Northumberland County, to Wit : 

Before me the subscriber, one of the Justices of the Court 
of Comn\on Pleas in and for the County aforesaid, on the 
13th day of May,. in the year of our Lord 1788, personally 
appeared Peter Wychof in th'e above deed of bargain and 
sale mentioned, and acknowledged the same to be his act 



42 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

and deed and desired it might be recorded as such. Witness 
mv hand and seal the same day and year. 
^ Jos. J. Wallis.* 

I do hereb\' acknowledge that I have received of James 
Hepburn bv the hands of my wife Rebecca Wychof i^iOOO 
on account' of within articles, the same bearing date Sep- 
tember 26, 1779, as witness my hand and seal this 20th day 
of April, 1785. 

Peter Wvchof. 

Recorded 28th day of February, 1791. 

THE FIRST DEED. 

The first deed under the terms of the article of agreement 
was made August 29, 1788, and may be found in Deed Book 
E, p. 1 17, Sunbury, Pa. It is as follows : 

This Indenture made the twenty ninth Day of August in the 
Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty 
eight, Between Peter Wyckof of the County of Northum- 
berland in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Yeoman of 
the one part and James Hepburn of the same place, merchant, 
of the other part. Whereas a certain Andrew Stroup of the 
County aforesaid by his certain Indented Article did agree 
to sell and convey to the said Peter Wyckoff, for the Con- 
sideration therein mentioned, all that Tract, piece or parcell 
of Land, in the County aforesaid, lying and being Eastward 
of the Main Branch of the Loyal Sock Creek, be the same 
more or less, the quantity thereof being yet unascertained, 
being part of a larger Tract, contracted for and bargained 
by the said Stroup with a certain Turbut Francis late of the 
City of Philadelphia, Esquire, now deceased — situate on 
Loyal Sock Creek aforesaid, containing in the whole 1019 
acres and 154 Perches, as the same is described by metes 
and bounded in the said article, which article is dated Feb- 
ruary 26th, 1778. 

*Under the Constitution of 1776, Joseph Jacob Wallis was commissioned a 
Justice, November 2, 1787, to serve for seven years. He was a half-brother 
of the celel)rated Samuel Wallis, owner of the Muncy Farms (now Halls), 
situated a short distance east of the Wychoff tract. He married a daughter of 
John Lukens, Surveyor General of Pennsylvania, and their son, John Lukens 
Wallis, was the first white male child born west of Muncy Creek, in 1773. 



THE HEPBURN FAMHA'. 43 

And Whereas the abovenamed Peter WyckofT by an 
article sealed, or deed poll, dated March 17th, 1779, for the 
consideration therein mentioned, did grant, bargain and sell 
to a certain William Hepburn and James Hepburn party 
hereto, as by the same article, bounded and butted, the same 
may appear, a certain part, parcel or portion of his share of 
the aforesaid 1019 acres and 154 perches, divided therefrom 
by the main Branch of Loyal Sock Creek, lying eastwardly 
thereof, which said parcel of Land so sold by the said Peter 
Wyckoff to the said William Hepburn and James Hepburn 
is supposed to contain six hundred acres be the same more 
or less. 

Now This Indenture Witnesseth, that the said Peter Wy- 
ckoff in consideration of the sum of two hundred and fifty 
pounds lawful money of Pennsylvania to him in hand paid 
by the said James Hepburn, the Receipt whereof is hereby 
acknowledged, hath given, granted bargained and sold to 
the said James Hepburn, his heirs and assigns all his, the 
said Peter's Right, Title, Interest, Use, Property, Possession, 
Claim or Demand whatever, either at law or in Equity, of in 
and to, all his Residue or reserved share of the said great 
Tract of 1019 acres and 154 Perches, divided therefrom by 
the main Branch of Loyal Sock Creek and h'ing eastwardly 
thereof, not heretofore conveyed by the said last recited 
article or deed poll to the said William Hepburn and James 
Hepburn, be the quantity thereof more of less. To have 
and to hold to the said James Hepburn, his heirs and assigns, 
all his title, Possession, or Right of Possession of the whole 
or any part of the said before described Tract of land, be the 
same more or less; lying eastwardly of the main Branch of 
Loyal Sock Creek, together with all and singular the appur- 
tenances, Papers and writings whatever, the Reversions and 
Remainders and the Rents, Issues and Profits thereof — 
(saving to William Hepburn all his lawful Right and claim 
•by and under the last abov^e recited article) to the only 
proper use, benefit and behoof of the said James Hepburn, 
his heirs and assigns forever. And the said Peter, for him- 
self his heirs. Executors and Administrators doth covenant, 
grant and agree to and with the said James Hepburn, his 
heirs and assigns that he and they shall and will, at all times 
hereafter, at the cost and charges of the said James Hepburn, 



44 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

his heirs and assigns, make and execute such further or 
other acts, deeds or assurances in law, as may be thought 
necessary by his or their counsel learned in the law, to vest 
a full and entire fee simple in the said hereby granted prem- 
ises in the said James Hepburn, his heirs and assigns forever. 
In Testimony whereof the said Parties to these Presents 
have hereunto interchangeably set their hands and seals the 
Dav and Year first before written. 

PETER WYCKOF, [L.S.] 
Sealed and Delivered in the presence of 
Wm. Hepburn, 
Robert Husston. 

It would require several pages to enumerate all the tracts 
of land that he owned or was interested in, at one time or 
another, in Lycoming and Northumberland counties. The 
records show that in 1796 he was assessed with 8,000 acres 
of "unseated lands" on the head-waters of Mill Creek, in 
the former county, and the firm of Hepburn & Cowden 
with 200 acres " five miles up Lycoming Creek." 

A FREQUENT VISITOR. 

Although making his headquarters in Philadelphia for 
ten years, the public records show that James Hepburn was 
a frequent visitor to the valley of the West Branch, called 
there no doubt in the interest of his brother, who was an 
active participant in military operations. Under date of 
December 2, 1777, we find him, in connection with William, 
signing a petition* of the inhabitants of Muncy Township, 
Northumberland County, to the Supreme Executive Council, 
praying that they be provided with another magistrate. 
Muncy Township at that time embraced the great tract of 
land of which they [the Hepburns] afterwards became the 
owners. 

They also united with the inhabitants of Muncy Town- 
ship, under date of June 10, 1778, in a petitionf to the Su- 

*Vide Hist. Lycoming Co., p. in. 

f Vide Hist. Lycoming Co., p. 144. Ibid. 169. 



THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 45 

preme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, setting forth the 
great good done by Colonel Brodhead's regiment while it 
was stationed at Fort Muncy, By holding back the savages, 
and earnestly praying Council to take the necessary steps 
to have that regiment, or some other body of Continental 
troops, stationed among them. 

That James Hepburn had the confidence of the authori- 
ties is shown by the fact that early in 1779 Colonel Hunter, 
stationed at Fort Augusta (Sunbury), and serving as County 
Lieutenant, entrusted him with the delivery of an important 
letter to the Supreme Executive Council, in Philadelphia, 
relating to the necessity of medical supplies for the " poor 
wounded men," and he was instructed to impart " other 
points of information not alluded to in the correspondence." 

VOLUNTEERS IN A MILITARY COMPANY. 

Soon after locating at Northumberland he became a 
member of Capt. John Lowdon's company of " Northum- 
berland Volunteers," which marched to suppress the riot 
at Wyoming (now Wilkes-Barre), August 4, 1784.* This 
was caused by the ill feeling existing between the Connecti- 
cut and Pennsylvania settlers regarding land titles, and the 
militia were sent there -by order of the Supreme Executive 
Council, Sheriff Antes being unable to suppress the dis- 
turbance. The expedition had a lively time at Wyoming. 
Quiet was finally restored, and several of the ringleaders 
were arrested, brought to Sunbury and imprisoned. 

IDENTIFIED WITH THE- CHURCH. 

■ Having been brought up in the faith of the Covenanters, 
he always' took a deep interest in church affairs. On the 
31st of May, 1787, he became a signer, as deputy from 
Northumberland, of the call for Rev. Hugh Morrison, from 



*This date would indicate-that he was there eariy in 17S4, but probably 
Jiad not yet brought his family. 



46 THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 

the united congregations of Buffalo, Sunbuiy and Northum- 
berland, to the Carlisle Presbytery. In this call it was 
stated that, "having never in these parts had the stated 
administration of the Gospel Ordinances; yet highly prizing 
the same, and having a view to the advancement of the 
Kingdom of Christ, and the spiritual edification of our- 
selves and families, have set ourselves to obtain that bless- 
ing among us." The appeal was granted by the assignment 
of Mr. Morrison to the charge. 

The first meeting of the Northumberland Presbytery was 
held in the Presbyterian Church, Northumberland, the first 
Tuesday of October, i8ii. There were a number of dis- 
tinguished ministers present, and James Hepburn appeared 
as one of the four elders, and took part in the organization. 

DISSOLUTION OF THE FIRM. 

The firm of Hepburn & Cowden, as merchants, did a large 
business. In the issue of Kennedy's Gazette for April i6, 
1794, they published an advertisement offering a reward of 
fifty dollars for the apprehension of certain " malicious, evil 
disposed persons," w^ho on the 30th of March previously 
had rolled upwards of one hundred bushels of salt, one 
wagon, and one cart from their landing into the river, and 
cut loose a boat. 

Soon after the firm was fairly under way they secured a 
large stone warehouse in Lewisburg, Pa., which they uged 
in connection with their commercial business, and more par- 
ticularly for the storage of grain purchased from the farmers 
of Buffalo Valley. This grain, which was shipped to market 
in arks at that time, was held in the storehouse until the 
stage of water in the river warranted the starting of these 
vessels on their voyages. As late as 1798 the old firm 
seems to have occupied this warehouse as tenants. 

The firm finally dissolved June 4, 1794, after having been 
in existence about ten years, and both members continued 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 47 

business individually. John Cowden was appointed the first 
postmaster on the establishment of the office in 1795, and 
served until January 12, 1837, a period of about fort)'-two 
years, when he died, having survived his old partner twenty 
years. James Hepburn, after the dissolution of the firm, 
conducted his store in a log building on the corner of North 
Way and Duke Street. Some idea of the mercantile business 
of that time may be formed from the following enumeration 
of articles in an advertisement inserted in the Gazette, in 
1 801, by James Hepburn : 

Superfine, second, and coarse cloth, mixed, plain, striped, 
and white cassimeres ; striped, plain, blue and brown nan- 
keens; chintzes, calicoes, ging-mufflins, and dimities of all 
kinds, large and small umbrellas, velvets, thickset and fancy 
cords, satin, lustrings, Persians, and Sarsonets, calimancoes, 
moureens, taboeens and durants ; Irish linens, checks, and 
bed ticks, iron and copper tea kettles, German and cradling 
scythes ; sugars, coffee, and tea of almost all kinds, sherry, 
madiera, and port wines, Jamaica spirits, French brandy, 
with a few barrels of old whiskey, best Spanish and Ameri- 
can cigars, with a number of other articles. 

Several articles are mentioned in the above list which are 
unknown by the names given them by the old merchant to- 
day, w^hilst there are several others whose names have not 
changed during the lapse of years. How long Mr. Hepburn 
continued in active business as a merchant is unknown, but 
it-must have been until near the close of his life in 1817. 
As his age was not so great as to prevent him from taking' 
an active part, and evidently being a man of strength, push 
and energy, it is likely that he looked after his affairs almost 
•to the last. 

APPOINTED A JUSTICE IN 1 796. 

On the 14th of March, 1796, Governor Thomas Mifflin 
appointed James Hepburn a Justice of the Peace for the 
township of Point, which included the town of Northum- 
„berland. The commission, which is on record at Sunbury, 



48 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

(Deed Book H, p. 399,) ends with these words : " So long as 
you shall behave yourself well." How long he served is 
unknown, but it is safe to conclude that on account of his 
business qualifications and the methodical training of his 
mind, he made a good Justice and " behaved " himself " well." 

MORE LAND HISTORY. 

We now return to the consideration of the purchase of 
the large tract of land which James and William Hepburn 
had agreed to make from Peter Wyckoff in 1788. The 
terms of the contract were not fully carried out until April 
9, 1803, when Peter Wyckoff and his wife Rebecca, (Deed 
Book F, p. 78, Williamsport,) in consideration of ^^2,400, 
conveyed the land to James and William Hepburn. The 
deed, which is very long, recites the history of the title in 
full, and in view of its historical importance a very full brief 
is herewith given : 

On the 3d of April, 1775, Turbutt Francis entered into 
an agreement with Andrew Stroub to convey by deed on or 
before the ist of May following said tract of land founded 
on patent from the Proprietaries. Said tract was surveyed 
in pursuance of an application. No. 16, entered February 4, 
1769, by Samuel Purviance, who by deed dated July 4, 1773, 
conveyed the land to Turbutt Francis in fee. Francis died 
intestate without executing a deed to Stroub ; but by his 
will, dated February 11, 1777, appointed his wife Sarah and 
Samuel Mifflin his executors, and authorized them to sell 
any part of his real estate they might judge proper. Mifflin 
soon afterward died, and Sarah in the meantime married 
John Connelly, and in November, 1797, she petitioned the 
court of Northumberland County for leave to execute a 
deed to Stroub, which was granted. The Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania had by letters patent dated March 18, 1796, 
granted and confirmed the land to Sarah Connelly, surviving 
executor of the said Turbutt Francis. On the i6th of May, 
1798, she conveyed the tract supposed to contain 1,000 acres 
to the said Stroub in fee. It was afterwards discovered that 
there was an error in the survey mentioned and recited in 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 49 

the patent, when the parties agreed to destroy the deed, 
which was done. An order of the Board of Property, dated 
July 9, 1799, authorized a warrant of re-survey to issue to 
correct the error. Before this was done Sarah Connelly 
died, but she left a will bearing date November 3, 1795, 
wherein she appointed Samuel Mifflin and Mathias Harrison 
her executors. The latter refused to act, whereupon letters 
testamentary were granted to Mifflin. It appeared that the 
said Sarah Connelly, by a deed (intended) dated December 
21,1 799, had conveyed the land unto the said Samuel Mifflin, 
and he by deed dated March 27, 1801, conveyed the tract 
to Stroub. which contained 999 acres and 167 perches — it 
being the same tract for which the Commonwealth had 
granted a patent dated September 27, 1800. Stroub and 
his wife Mary, therefore, under date of June 30, 1801, con- 
veyed to Peter Wyckof 880^ acres, it being part of the 
tract of 999 acres and 167 perches before referred to. Wy- 
ckof, in consideration of the sum mentioned above, conveyed 
the same, under date of April 9, 1803, to James and William 
Hepburn, together with all the buildings, improvements, 
water courses, rights, etc. The deed was duly signed by 
Peter Wyckof and his wife Rebecca, and executed and 
delivered in the presence of James Stewart and Peter Van- 
derbelt. 

It took a long time and the "use of much red tape" to 
obtain a clear title to this splendid piece of land, but it was 
finally accomplished. In after years it came to be known as 
the " Charles Lloyd* Farm," and it may be better designated 



* Charles Lloyd was the son-in-law of John and Frances Hollingsworth, 
having married their daughter Susannah. Mr. Hollingsworth died intestate 
in the early part of this century, and the estate came into possession of his 
widow. Under date of January 21,1835, (Will Book A, p. 279,) she bequeathed 
the farm to her son-in-law and daughter, with the injunction that they were to 
retain it in "the family and not ta sell or dispose of any part thereof." She 
was a sister of Lydia, wife of Samuel Wallis^who once owned the Muncy, 
now known as Halls Farms, and she willed Jioo each to Hannah Miller and 
Cassandra Smith, surviving daughters of Mrs. Wallis. Among other bequests 
was a gold watch to ea<^ of her grandsons, and a dozen silver table and tea- 
spoons to each of her granddaughters. As the will was filed for probate Feb- 
pttary 3, 1837, she died in the latter part of January of that year. 



50 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

now by stating that the paper mill stands on it. The land 
to-day is worth over ;^I50 per acre; it cost the Hepburns 
;^2,400, " Pennsylvania currency." 

A SHREWD EXCHANGE. 

The next movement on the part of these sagacious brothers 
was one that involved a great deal, although they never 
imagined for a moment what the future result would be — 
the growth of a rich, flourishing and enterprising city of 
forty thousand inhabitants. They doubtless contemplated 
some benefits to be derived from their enterprise, yet nothing 
like what was developed half a century after they had passed 
away. 

Among the early land owners in what is now Lycoming 
County was John Rollings worth, a Quaker from Philadel- 
phia. He had become the possessor of two tracts of land 
lying east of Lycoming Creek. The Hepburn brothers con- 
ceived the idea of proposing to exchange an equal quantity 
of their Loyalsock land for the Hollingsworth tracts. What 
their object may have been is unknown, as their land was 
more beautifully situated and much richer for agricultural 
purposes, but future developments show that in the end the 
Hollingsworth land became of immense value. Hollings- 
worth accepted their proposition to exchange for a nominal 
consideration, and as his deed is of very great historical 
importance, locally considered, it is given in full. It may be 
found in Deed Book F, page 74, Williamsport, and is as 
follov/s : 

MOUNT JOY AND DEER PARK. 

This indenture made the third day of March, 1804, be- 
tween John Hollingsworth, of Muncy Township, Lycoming 
County and State of Pennsylvania, gentleman, and Frances 
his wife, of the one part, and James Hepburn of Northum- 
berland Town and County, esquire, and William Hepburn, 
of Loyalsock Township, Lycoming County, esquire, of the 
other part, witnesseth : 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 51 

That whereas the late Proprietaries of Pennsylvania, by 
their patent bearing date the 4th day of April, 1772, granted 
and confirmed to John Nisbett in fee a certain tract of land 
called " Deer Park," situated on the north side of the West 
Branch of the Susquehanna, in the county of Northumber- 
land, now Lycoming, which said patent is founded upon an 
application in the name of John Nisbett, dated the 3d of 
April, 1769, and numbered 734 in the lottery of that date, 
as by the said patent recorded in the Roll's office of the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, in Book A A, vol. 13, p. 80, 
more fully and at large appears ; 

And whereas the same John Nisbett by the name Max- 
well Nisbett, by his indenture dated the i6th day of April, 
1772, granted and conveyed the aforesaid tract of land to 
Turbutt Francis in fee, as by the said indenture of record 
in the office for recording deeds in Northumberland County, 
in Book D, p. 391, more fully and at large appears ; 

And whereas the late Proprietaries of Pennsylvania by their 
patent bearing date the 2d of June, 1772, granted and con- 
veyed to Turbutt Francis and his heirs a certain tract of 
land called " Mount Joy," situated then in Northumberland 
County, now in Loyalsock Township, Lycoming County, 
and lying on the north side of the West Branch of the Sus- 
quehanna, adjoining the before mentioned tract called "Deer 
Park," which said patent is founded on an application in the 
name of Robert Galbraith, dated the 3d of April, 1769, and 
number 1823 in the lottery of that date, which said Robert 
Galbraith, by deed poll dated the 27th day of March, 1770, 
granted and conveyed the said application and land surveyed, 
or to be surveyed thereon, to Turbutt Francis in fee, as by 
the said patent enrolled in the Roll's office of Pennsylvania, 
in Book A A, vol. 13, p. 145, more fully and at large appears ; 

And whereas the said Turbutt Francis being so seized in 
his demesne as of fee of the two before mentioned tracts 
called " Deer Park " and " Mount Joy," made his last will and 
testament dated the iith day of February, 1777, duly 
authenticated to pass real estates, and remaining in the 
Register's office at Philadelphia, by which will he appointed 
his wife, Sarah Francis, and his father-in-law, Samuel Mifflin, 
his executors, with power to sell all and every part of his 
estate as they might judge proper; and the said Turbutt 



52 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Francis afterwards died and the said executors proved the 
will and took upon themselves the execution thereof, but 
the said Samuel Mifflin soon after dying, the said Sarah 
Francis was left sole executrix ; 

And whereas the said Sarah Francis in pursuance of the 
powers granted to and vested in her by said will granted 
and conveyed the two aforesaid tracts of land called " Deer 
Park" and "Mount Joy," along with the other land, to 
Tench Coxe in fee by indenture bearing date the 2d day of 
May 1782, as by said indenture of record in the office of the 
Recorder of Deeds in Northumberland County, in Book F, 
p. 169, more fully and at large appears ; 

And whereas the said Tench Coxe by indenture dated 
the 8th of September, 1784, granted and conveyed the afore- 
said two tracts of land, with other lands, to Jonathan Mifflin 
in fee, as by the said indenture recorded in the office of the 
Recorder of Deeds of the County of Northumberland in 
Book E, p. 27, more fully and at large upon reference being 
thereunto had will appear ; 

And whereas the said Jonathan Mifflin by his indenture 
bearing date the 29th day of April, 1786, granted and con- 
veyed the aforesaid tracts of land called "Deer Park" and 
"Mount Joy" to John Plollingsworth and his heirs and 
assigns, as by the said deed of record in the office of the 
Recorder of Deeds in Northumberland County, in Book D, 
p. 392, more fully and at large upon reference being thereunto 
had will appear. 

Now this indenture witnesseth, that John HoUingsworth 
and Frances his wife, for and in consideration of the quantity 
of 600 acres of land situate in Muncy Township, L)'coming 
County, conveyed to him, the said John HoUingsworth, 
in fee by the aforesaid James Hepburn and William Hep- 
burn ; and in consideration of the sum of five shillings to 
him in hand paid at or before the execution and delivery of 
this indenture, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, 
have granted, bargained, &c., to the said James Hepburn 
and William Hepburn, and their heirs, as tenants in common 
and not as joint tenants, those two several tracts or parcels 
of land before mentioned to wit : 

Deer Park, beginning at a post on the bank of the West 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 53 

Branch of the Susquehanna, thence by land surveyed for the 
Proprietaries, now John Rose's land, north 255 perches to 
a stone, thence by land surveyed to Robert Galbraith east 
215 perches to a stone, and south 222 perches to a post on 
the bank of the West Branch of the Susquehanna aforesaid; 
thence up along the said bank 230 perches to the place of 
beginning, containing 311 acres and allowances of six per 
cent, for roads and highways ; 

And also all that tract called Mount Joy, beginning at a 
post at the side of the aforesaid West Branch of the Su.s- 
quehanna, thence by the last described tract called Deer 
Park north 222 perches to a stone, and west 215 perches to 
a stone, thence by lands now of John Rose north 100 perches 
to a stone, thence by Sim's land east 315 perches to a marked 
pine, thence south 272 perches to a marked ash on the bank 
of the West Branch of the Susquehanna aforesaid, thence up 
the same the several courses thereof to the place of beginning, 
containing 300 acres and allowances, &c., together with all 
and singular the rights, liberties, privileges, &c., of the said 
John Hollingsworth, &c., unto the said James and William 
Hepburn and their heirs, assigns, &c., as tenants in common 
and not as joint tenants. 

The above deed was signed March 3, 1804, by John Hol- 
lingsworth and wife in the presence of Samuel Harris, J. P., 
and Charles Huston, Esq., attorney, by whom it was probably 
drawn. This completed the exchange, but in order to make 
the line of title complete and legal beyond peradventure, 
James and William Hepburn executed a de6d in consid- 
eration of five shillings and 600 acres (Deed Book D, p. 333,) 
of land lying on the Loyalsock to Hollingsworth. Next in 
order came the division of the Deer Park and Mount Joy 
tracts between the brothers by a deed of partition, (Deed 
Book I, p. 250, Williamsport,) executed September 6, 18 10. 
In this division William took the Deer Park tract, lying 
between what are now Campbell and Susquehanna streets ; 
and Mount Joy, lying between Campbell and Hepburn 
streets, fell to James. Several years before the deeds were 
executed, however, each one had occupied the land and 



54 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

made improvements, showing that the exchange and division 
had long been contemplated. 

These two tracts of land now constitute the central part 
of the city of Williamsport, and many of the most elegant 
residences and churches are found on Third and Fourth 
streets, which run east and west. The first saw mill sites 
were sold off the Mount Joy tract along the river ; and in 
course of time the great mills extended over the lower part 
of the Deer Park land also. That section became the great 
manufacturing district, and continues so to-day, but the two 
brothers had been in their graves forty years before this 
industrial development began to manifest itself on the land 
they once owned. Nearly all their land has long since been 
covered with buildings, and with the improvements is now 
worth several millions of dollars. 

On the 1 2th of October, 1807, James Hepburn purchased 
a tract of 213 acres lying on Larry's Creek, Lycoming 
County, at a sale held by Sheriff Cummings, as the property 
of Henry Thomas. He had erected iron w^orks on the land 
and carried on business extensively for several years, but 
meeting with reverses was forced to the wall. He held this 
farm until April 2, 181 2, when he sold it to John Knox 
for ^6,000. Knox was a native of Scotland and a lineal 
descendant of the celebrated Reformer of the same name. He 
built a mill on the property and made other improvements, 
which greatly enhanced its value. Mr. Knox lived there 
until his death, which occurred October 18, 1854, in the 88th 
year of his age. 

WILL OF JAMES HEPBURN. 

The will of James Hepburn, which is on record at Sun- 
bury, (Book 2, p. 315,) is a concise and businesslike docu- 
ment, typical of the man; and as it is important in connection 
with his history, it is given in full : 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 55 

This is the last will and testament of me, Ja^nes Hepburn, 
of the iozvn and county of Northumberland, in the State of 
Pennsylvania, Esq. 

First. I will that all my debts and funeral expenses be 
paid and discharged. 

Secondly. I devise to my executors all estate, real and 
personal, to be by them disposed of as in hereafter directed, 
that is to say : Let my present wife, Mary Hepburn, possess 
and enjoy the house and lot we now occupy in the town of 
Northumberland, together with all the furniture, utensils, 
plate, china, linen, books and liquors as they may be found 
at the time of my decease ; and also two cows, the poultry 
and hogs that I may be possessed of at the time of my 
decease ; also my out lot in the town of Northumberland, 
usually known as the " orchard lot." All these are to 
belong to her during the time of her natural life, and at her 
decease the house, lot, furniture, and such utensils, plate, 
china, linen, books and live stock as remain, to revert to my 
executors as part of my estate to them devised. I also will 
that my said wife be paid $300 immediately after my decease 
for her comfortable maintenance until my executors can 
make arrangements for the speedy and regular payment of 
her annuity hereafter directed. I also will and require my 
executors to pay to my said wife an annuity of $600 annually 
during her natural life by quarterly payments, to be com- 
puted from three calendar months after the day of my decease. 

Item. I will that my executors do pay ^100 annually to 
my wife, Mary Hepburn, for the support of her mother, Mary 
Eldredge,* so long as she shall continue to reside with my 
said wife ; but if she shall choose in preference to reside 
with any of my children, who may be willing to maintain 
and provide for her, then the said annuity of $100 yearly 
shall be paid to such child. 

Item. Let my executors keep fair and regular accounts 
of all the rents, issues, profits and proceeds of all my real 
estate to be by them received until my houses, lots and 
tracts of land, improved and unimproved, shall be sold and 

*Her name by the first marriage was Hopewell, but having married again 
it became Eldredge. She died November 10, 1816, — less than two months 
before Mr. Hepburn, — in the 80th year of her age, and is buried at Northum- 
berland, in the Hepburn lot. 



56 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

disposed of. which I hereby authorize my said executors to 
do, leaving it to their discretion to sell and dispose of to 
the best advantages, according as circumstances may require 
and induce them. I would have my unimproved lands sold 
first, and the whole to be sold within ten years from the 
day'of mv death, or so soon after the ten years as possible, 
not to make too great sacrifice of the property if the time 
should then happen to be unfavorable for the purpose. 

Item. I will that my executors do collect speedily all my 
personal property and all debts due to me and keep an 
account of the same. 

Item. My personal property and the rents, issues, profits 
and proceeds of sale from time to time of my real estate 
being thus collected shall form an aggregate fund out of 
which this bequest of my last will shall be paid and dis- 
charged. 

Item. As my sons, Samuel, Andrew, James and John, 
will at my decease have received a good part of their portion 
in advance, let them be made debtors to the said aggregate 
fund each in $1,000. 

Item. My will is that all my male children who may be 
minors at the time of my decease shall be allowed ^200 a 
year to support them until they become of age ; and all my 
minor female children ;^I50 a year to support them until 
they become of age or are married. 

Item. After paying my debts and funeral expenses and 
the annuities to my wife and my mother-in-law, Mary 
Eldredge, and the sums hereinbefore appropriated for the 
maintenance and education of my minor children, my will 
is that the rents, issues, profits and proceeds of my estate, 
real and personal, shall from time to time be equally divided 
amongst all my children, male and female, the share of them 
as are not of age, to be invested by my executors for the 
benefit of such minor children respectively until they become 
of age or are married. 

Item. On the decease of my wife, Mary Eldredge, or any 
of my children who may happen to die under age, unmarried 
and without lawful issue, the annuities, portions and bequests 
hereinbefore to them, or either of them, respectively made, 
shall lapse, revert and become a part of the aggregate fund 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 57 

of my estate. But if an}- of my children should die leaving 
lawful issue, let the share of the parent be by my executors 
invested for the benefit of such lawful issue in equal propor- 
tion, and become payable when such of my grandchildren 
as may be depri\'ed of their parent shall become of age or 
are married. 

Item. I appoint my sons, Samuel, Andrew and James, 
joint executors of this my last will and testament, hereby 
authorizing them, or the majority of them, to act in all 
things necessary to carry my said will into execution. 

[Signed] James Hepburn. 
June 23, 1812. 

Witnesses : John Cowden, Samuel McClintock. 

The will was probated January 22, 1817, in the office of 
the Register at Sunbury, Pa., the testator having died Janu- 
ary 4, 1817. He was buried at Northumberland, and in the 
new cemetery his tombstone may now be seen by the" side 
of that of his father. 

Thus passed away one of the most active and successful 
business men of his time at the almost exact age of three- 
score and ten. He died in the full faith of his immediate 
ancestors, never having relaxed in the least from the belief 
that was taught him by his parents, who had to leave their 
native land and fly to Ireland, because of their belief in the 
doctrines of the Presbyterian Church. 

Through life Mr. Hepburn adhered to many of the customs 
of his forefathers, and was a typical representative of his 
ancient family. There is a tradition that he " kept his coach 
and four," and often drove in that style from Northumberland 
to WiUiarnsport when he -went there on business, or to visit 
his brother, Judge William Hepburn. 

The concise wording of his will shows that he possessed 

a methodical mitid, and was trained to despatch business 

with clearness and precision. No point or suggestion for 

^the settlement of his large estate was omitted, and all his 



58 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

family and heirs were remembered and provided for. The 
fact that his three eldest sons were chosen as his executors 
shows that he had full confidence in their ability and integ- 
rity to administer his estate fairly and honestly, and the final 
settlement showed that he was correct in his conclusions. 

His wife, Mary Hopewell Hepburn, survived him nine 
years, and died at Williamsport May i, 1826, aged 65 years. 
Soon after the death of her husband she moved to Wil- 
liamsport, where, with her unmarried children, she lived in 
a house adjoining that of her son, Andrew D., which had 
been built for her. It stood on Market Street just north of 
the public square. She was about fourteen years younger 
than her husband. Her remains now rest in Washington 
Street cemetery, Williamsport, in the family lot of her son. 

James Hepburn and his wife Mary had issue : 

6. i. Samuel, b. November 5, 1782; m. Ann Clay; d. October 16, 1865, 

in Lock Haven. 

7. ii. Andrew D., b. May 23, 1786; m. Martha Huston; d. March 6, 

1 86 1, in Williamsport. 
Hi. William, b. May 23, 1786; d. September 22, 1800. 

8. iv. James, b. May 19, 1789; m. Maria Hyatt; d. December 25, 1855, 

in Philadelphia. 
V. John, b. October 8, 1792. Settled at Northumberland. Served as 
an ensign in Capt. William F. Buyers' company of Northumber- 
land Blues, attached to the regiment of Lt. Col. George Weirick, 
1st Brigade, 2d Division, commanded by Gen. Henry Spearing, 
war of 1812. Married Juliana, daughter of Col. Thomas and 
Deborah (nee Martin) Grant, of Sunbury, and d. January, 1838, 
at Columbia, Pa., and was there buried. His wife, b. May 13, 
1798; d. March 8, 1844, at Philadelphia, and was buried by 
his side in the Presbyterian Churchyard, Columbia. No issue. 

9. vi, Jane, b. March 19, 1795; m. Francis C. Campbell; d. May 17, 

1867, in Williamsport. 

10. vii. Mary, b. May 6, 1797; m. James Merrill; d. June 3, 1825, in New 

Berlin. 

11. via. Hopewell, b. October 28, 1799; m. Caroline Cauffman ; d. Feb- 

ruary 4, 1863, in Philadelphia. 

12. ix. Sarah, b. September 10, 1801 ; m. James Armstrong; d. February 

20, 1829, in Williamsport. 



THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 



59 



JUDGE WILLIAM HEPBURN AND FAMILY. 

III. William Hepburn,- (Samuel/) brother of James, 
was born in County Donegal, Ireland, in 1753, and died at 
Williamsport, Pa., June 25, 1821. He accompanied his 
brother to America in 1773, and soon after landing made his 
way to the \Ve,-,t Branch Valley of the Susquehanna, where 
he located and spent the balance of his days. Throughout 
his life he was closely associated with his brother, and as 
has been shown, was identified with him in some of his most 
extensive land operations. He early showed an active and 
enterprising disposition, and soon became prominent among 
the pioneers who had preceded him to the rich and beautiful 
valley where he took up his abode. Whether he had any 

acquaintances here at 
the time of his arri- 
val is unknown, but 
it is probable that he 
had. Andrew Cul- 
bertson, also a native 
of Ireland, born not 
far from the birth- 
place of Hepburn, 
had preceded him to 
this country, and 
purchasing a large 
body of land, had 
settled on what is 
now the site of the 
borough of DuBois- 
town, on the south 
bank of the river, 
opposite what is now the western part of the city of Wil- 
liamsport. Culbertson, who was more than twenty years 
the senior of Hepburn, at once saw the necessity of build- 
ing a mill to supply the settlers with flour. The point 




WII I I \M HI I'BURN. 



6o THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

he selected for his permanent residence was at the mouth 
of a strong stream of water which dashed through a gap in 
Bald Eagle Mountain and afforded sufficient power to drive 
his mill. When he commenced building his mill we find 
young Hepburn in his employ, engaged with others in 
di^crinc^ the race to convey the water which was to drive the 
wheels. This is the first recorded account we have of his 
work, and the old mill race remains to this day as a 
reminder of the beginning of the humble labors of a young 
man who in time reached the distinguished and honorable 
positions of State Senator and President Judge. 

Soon after Culbertson commenced his improvements, the 
Indians became troublesome, and by their hostile dem- 
onstrations kept the settlers in a constant state of alarm. 
Young Hepburn quickly manifested the characteristic traits 
of his Scotch-Irish ancestors, and laying down his spade 
responded to the call for assistance. We soon find him a 
member of the county militia enrolled for the defense of the 
frontier, and from that time to the close of the Revolutionary 
war he was closely identified with the local military arm, 
and was a participant in many of the bloody and thrilling 
scenes which occurred in the fair valley where he had 
resolved to make his home. 

IN THE MILITARY SERVICE. 

In 1778 he had command of a company of militia, with 
headquarters at Fort Muncy, ten miles east of Williamsport, 
and was constantly on the alert to avoid being surprised by 
the savages who infested the country and were bent on 
killing and scalping men, women and children, and destroy- 
ing their cabins and improvements. On the loth of June 
of this year occurred a bloody massacre* in what is now 
almost the central part of the city of Williamsport, when 

* For a full account of this bloody affair see Hist. Lycoming County, pp. 
122-126; also Hist. West Branch Valley, pp. 494-502. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 6l 

several men, women and children were cruelly butchered, 
and two little girls carried captives to Canada. On the 
alarm being given, Captain Hepburn quickly came from the 
fort with a body of men, cared for the wounded, and 
buried the mangled dead. The scene presented to Hep- 
burn and his party was one of the saddest witnessed in the 
valley during the war. The dead were buried near where 
they fell, and their place of interment became a cemetery, 
which was used for fully three-quarters of a century, or 
until the advancing wave of civilization demanded the 
ground for other purposes. And, as a part of this sad inci- 
dent, it may be related that forty-three years afterwards 
the remains of the brave Captain Hepburn were laid in the 
same grave-yard. 

STIRRING EVENTS. 

Swiftly on the heels of this massacre followed the great 
event in the pioneer history of this valley known as the 
"Big Runaway." Col. Samuel Pinter, who had command 
of Fort Augusta, forty miles down the river, being apprised 
by spies and scouts of the approach from the north of a 
strong body of savages, issued an order to Captain Hepburn 
to notify the inhabitants to fly at once to Fort Augusta if 
they would save their lives. The order was promulgated 
and a panic and flight were the result, the exciting scenes of 
which beggar description. 

On the loth of June, 1778, Captain Hepburn united with 
142 of the residents of the valley north and west of Muncy 
Hills in an appeal to the Supreme Executive Council, sitting 
at Philadelphia, for aid and protection. They set forth in 
strong language the necessity for more troops, and showed 
their inability to guard a frontier of forty miles with j}, men, 
the total number 'of the available force. Referring to the 
bloody events of that day the petitioners continued : " The 
very alarming event of the murder and captivity of thirteen 



62 THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 

of our near neighbors and most intimate acquaintances this 
day has driven the majority of us to desperation, and to 
pray that you in your wisdom will order to our immediate 
rehef such standing forces as will be equal to our necessity." 
But this appeal came too late. The enemy was already 
moving. The affair on the Loyalsock, where Peter Wyckoff 
was captured, and the massacre at Wyoming, caused Colonel 
Hunter to issue his order to abandon the country. The 
flight commenced in July, 1778, and in a few days the valley 
was depopulated, save what militia remained with Hepburn 
to protect the rear. The families of the settlers were sent 
down the river on rafts, canoes, flatboats, and whatever 
crafts could be improvised to transport them and their 
household goods, whilst cattle and horses were driven by 
the men on land. Whilst serving with the militia Hepburn 
had an opportunity to thoroughly acquaint himself with the 
topography of the country, and note where the finest lands 
were located. He made his headquarters about the mouth 
of Loyalsock with the Covenhovens, and other families, and 
at Fort Muncy, which he commanded at the time of the flight. 
It has been shown that his brother James frequently visited 
the valley and kept in close communication with him during 
the exciting times of Indian trouble. It will be remembered 
that before the Indians had become aggressive he had 
entered into an article of agreement with Peter Wyckoff to 
purchase 600 acres of land on the Loyalsock, in which his 
brother James was jointly interested. The history of this 
transaction and the magnificent results which flowed from 
it, have been minutely described. 

FIRST MARRIAGE. 

Before these great troubles came upon the country — 
sometime in 1777 — William Hepburn married Crecy Coven- 
hoven. Her family came from New Jersey and settled near 
the mouth of Loyalsock Creek, probably as early as 1771. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 63 

Other settlers in this neighborhood — notably the Wyckofts 
— were from New Jersey also. In fact there was a colony of 
New Jersey people here at that time. Crecy was a sister of 
Robert Covenhoven, the celebrated Indian scout and Revo- 
lutionary soldier, who rendered such signal service in the 
cause of liberty during the exciting times on the West Branch 
of the Susquehanna. When the "Big Runaway" was pre- 
cipitated William Hepburn had been married about a year, 
as their first child was born August 22, 1778, about two 
months after the flight. Where this event occurred is un- 
known. It might have been at Northumberland, where 
many of the fugitives from the valley tarried — or possibly 
at Philadelphia. She returned with her husband, became 
the mother of ten children, and died April 8, 1800, at their 
log house on the Deer Park farm, at the age of 41 years. 

As soon as it was safe Hepburn and family were among 
the first to return to the Loyalsock. This was as early as 
1779 or 1780. Before the close of the war he settled on 
Deer Park tract and built a lo^ house and out-buildings. 
There he lived to the close of his life, and there he raised 
his large family, as w^ell as several grandchildren. 

JUSTICE, MERCHANT AND FARMER. 

The first civil office we find him invested with, after the 
return of peace, was that of Overseer of Loyalsock Township 
in 1787. Two years subsequently he received two com- 
missions, dated July 2, 1789, signed by Thomas Mifflin, 
President of the Supreme Executive Council under the 
Constitution of 1776. Each commission authorized a ser- 
vice tif seven years ; one empowered him to transact business 
which would go before the Court of Common Pleas, and the 
other before the Orphans' Court. This township had been 
created by a decree of the Court of Northumberland County 
at February sessions, 1786, and within its boundaries Wil- 
liamsport was afterwards laid out. The Constitution of 1790 



64 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

having effected radical changes in the civil administration of 
affairs, by wiping out all previous appointments, Thomas 
Mifflin, who succeeded to the office of Governor, straightway 
re-appointed Mr. Hepburn Justice of the Peace under date of 
September i, 1791, and the limitation was confined to the 
period in which he should "behave himself well!" His 
district now comprised the townships of Loyalsock, Lycom- 
ing and Pine, a territory greater than some of the counties 
of to-day. 

As population increased there was a demand for a store, 
where goods and supplies could be obtained without going 
a long distance. This induced Hepburn to start such an 
establishment about 1790, and he became the ^rst merchant 
in the settlement which ultimately developed into the city 
of Williamsport. The mercantile firm of Hepburn & Cowden 
was then in successful operation at Northumberland, and it 
is probable that William had the advice and assistance of 
his brother James in starting this new enterprise. Owing 
to the difficulty of marketing their grain at that time many 
farmers started distilleries, because whiskey was a more 
merchantable and profitable commodity. Culbertson had 
one near his mill on the opposite side of the river. This 
induced Hepburn to start one also. And early in the last 
decade of the eighteenth century he found himself engaged 
in farming, distilling, merchandising, and conducting the 
office of a Justice of the Peace. At that time he was the 
only justice for miles around and much business came before 
him. He was noted for his wit, quickness of repartee and 
kindness of heart. Among the anecdotes that have been 
preserved two may be mentioned. One day he was waited 
on by a young man named John Bennett, who had paddled 
his sweetheart in a canoe down the river five or six miles 
for the purpose of having the marriage ceremony per- 
formed. The 'Squire promptly united them, when the groom 
hesitatingly informed him that he did not have enough 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 65 

money to pay the fee and buy a few articles necessary for 
housekeeping. The 'Squire was so impressed with the 
frankness and honest appearance of Mr. Bennett that he not 
only remitted the fee, but supplied him with some provisions 
from his store, and sent the newly married couple up the 
river rejoicing in their canoe. 

On another occasion an Irishman named Conn had a 
suit before him, and taking exceptions to some of his rulings, 
gave vent to his feelings in personal abuse of the justice. 
Instead of commanding him to be silent, or imposing a fine, 
the '"Squire" quickly threw off all dignity, and walking 
from behind his desk, with one blow of his fist sent Conn 
sprawling on the floor. No further interruption occurred 
during the progress of the trial, but the defendant never 
forgot the blow, and attempted to waylay the " 'Squire" after 
he became Judge, but his strong arm did not fail him, and 
Conn, again discomfited, concluded not to interfere further 
with the muscular representative of justice. 

After having carried on his store alone for several years 
he took in S. E. Grier as a partner, and they were associated 
in business for several years. Grier was made the first 
postmaster of Williamsport, August 12, 1799, and served 
until April 20, 18 19. Hepburn had much business with 
Michael Ross, who was the founder of the town. 

AS A LAND OWNER. 

William did not seem to have been imbued with such 
a desire to acquire land as his brother James. The first 
purchase on his individual account, of which we have any 
record, was at a sheriff's sale in 1789. Flavel Roan, sheriff 
of Northumberland County, sold a tract of 300 acres belong- 
ing to Edmund Huff, on a judgment for debt for ^226, and 
Hepburn became t,he purchaser and received a deed from 
the sheriff. This tract laid on 'the west side of Lycoming 
Creek and adjoined lands of "John Sutton and Mary 
Kempleton." 



66 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

On the 14th of September, 1791, he purchased a "moiety 
and half" of 200 acres from Richard Parker, of Cumberland 
County, in consideration of ;^I2, "lawful money of Pennsyl- 
vania." This tract was situated in Loyalsock Township and 
adjoined lands of the Widow Duncan and George North- 
probably near the present northern boundaries of the city 
of Williamsport. 

By warrant dated June 8, 1792, he acquired a tract of land 
called " Williamsburg," which contained 3 1 5 acres. Decem- 
ber I, 1795, he sold 157 acres and 147 perches off the tract 
to Alexander Smith for $473.21. There were some im- 
provements on it. 

May 4, 1796, he purchased four lots of Michael Ross, in 
the town of Williamsport, which had just been laid out, in 
consideration of ^^182 lOs. Two of these lots (25 and 26) 
were situated on Front Street; the other two (186 and 187) 
were on the north-east side of the public square. These 
purchases were made at the time when a great strife was 
going on for the selection of Williamsport as the county 
seat. 

On the 8th of February, 1797, he purchased from John 
Sutton lots 43 and 44, being part of his tract called New 
Garden, — afterwards known as Newberry, — containing three 
acres. The price paid was ;^30. 

Under date of April 6, 1797, John Maffet sold him, in 
consideration of ;^ 1,000, a tract of land in Lycoming Town- 
ship called "Corn Bottom," containing 316 acres. The 
next purchase was a tract of 66^ acres at sheriff's sale, for 
;^324, lying in the vicinity of Corn Bottom, about two miles 
up the stream known as " Quinashahaque." This deed is 
dated June 2, 1801. Previous to this, however, he pur- 
chased 90 acres for ^130, which was sold by the sheriff as 
the property of Matthew Wilson, his son-in-law. It was 
situated in Lycoming Township, on Pine Run. The sale 
was on a judgment obtained by Meeker & Cochran, mer- 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 6/ 

chants of Philadelphia, who sold goods to Wilson, who had 
started a store. The sale was made October 4, 180b. 
September 24, 1800, he purchased of James Grier, for ^^46 
I2s., six acres and 35 perches lying on the public road 
west of Newberry. 

The next purchase of any importance was made May 22, 
18 13, when, in connection with his son-in-law, Robert Mc- 
Clure, he bought the John Edminston tract of 223 acres of 
his executors for $400. It was situated on Dougherty's 
Run, about two miles from its mouth. 

His last purchase was a tract of 294 acres of Thomas 
HoUiday, September 6, 18 14, for ^^ 1,737. This was known 
as the Duncan estate and laid in Loyalsock Township. 
The last transaction in which he appears in the record books 
as a grantee is in the deed of partition with his brother 
James, when they divided the Deer Park and Mount Joy 
tracts, now embraced in the centre of Williamsport. Deer 
Park, on which he had lived for over thirty years, contained 
316 acres and was a splendid property. The deed of parti- 
tion may be seen in Book T, p. 402, Williamsport. 

From the foregoing statement of his purchases it will be 
seen that he owned altogether during his lifetime nearly 
1,500 acres, besides five or six town lots. The reader will 
understand that he did not own this quantity all at one time, 
as he frequently made sales. His Deer Park farm and a 
few other tracts were all that he possessed at the time of his 
death, which will be shown by his will. 

STATE SEN.A.TOR AND' JUDGE. 

As early as 1786 the agitation for a division of Northum- 
berland County commenced, and was prosecuted vigor- 
ously for nine years before the object was accomplished. 
The county at that time extended to the Allegheny River 
and the New York State line, covering a vast extent of 
country, much of which was a primitive wilderness. The 



68 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

project for division met with violent opposition from Robert 
Morris and other large land owners, who feared that a dis- 
memberment of the county would militate against their 
interests. Morris, who was known as the " financier of the 
Revolution," owned thousands of acres of land in Northum- 
berland County, besides tens of thousands in New York 
State, in what was afterwards known as the Phelps & Gor- 
ham purchase, embracing the Genesee country. His lands 
in Northumberland were largely in that portion which after- 
wards fell to Lycoming when a division was effected. 

Many petitions were laid before the Legislature praying 
for a division of the great county of Northumberland during 
the nine years that the struggle continued, but a secret 
influence always succeeded in upsetting the prayers of the 
petitioners. The Senatorial district in 1794 was composed 
of the counties of Luzerne, Mifflin and Northumberland, 
and William Montgomery was Senator. He resigned be- 
fore the close of his term, and at a special election held 
January 8, 1794, William Hepburn was elected to fill the 
vacancy by a majority of 64 over Rosewell Wells. This 
was a great triumph for the friends of division. Hepburn 
was active, untiring and vigilant in his efforts for the erec- 
tion of a new county, and his persistency soon made a favor- 
able impression. Finally, in conference committees of the 
two houses, the bill was agreed to April 13, 1795, and imme- 
diately signed by Governor Mifflin. The credit for securing 
the final passage of the bill belonged largely to the persist- 
ent and determined efforts of Senator Hepburn, and as a 
recognition of his services and abilities the Governor 
appointed him chief of four associate judges April 15, 1795, 
for the purpose of organizing the judicial machinery of the 
new county. In a few days the associates met and organ- 
ized by electing Senator Hepburn president, and he thus 
became the first President Judge of the new county of 
Lycoming. On the 20th of April he resigned the office of 



THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 69 

State Senator and immediately entered on the discharge of 
his judicial duties. 

The selection of a site for the county seat was the next 
exciting question which arose. The Hepburn brothers 
were constantly on the alert to advance their interests as 
landed proprietors. Michael Ross owned about 300 acres 
of land which adjoined the Mount Joy tract (owned by 
James Hepburn) on the east. The tradition is that the Hep- 
burns urged Ross to lay out a town on his land and contend 
for its selection as the county seat. Whether the tradition 
is true or not is unknown, but subsequent events justify the 
conclusion that there was foundation for it, Ross quickly 
acted on the suggestion, laid out his town in 1795, set apart 
lots for the public buildings, and called it Williamsport. 
When the commissioners came to locate the site a bitter 
fight ensued with rivals for location, but after a severe 
struggle Williamsport was chosen and the court house and 
jail were erected on lots which Michael Ross donated 
for that purpose. The fact that the land on which the origi- 
nal part of the town was built was not as good as that 
owned by the Hepburns, shows that they calculated that in 
time the town would advance westward and occupy their 
land. This view of the future was realized. The land com- 
prising their magnificent estate has long since been built 
over and now forms the central part of the city. The street 
bounding the Mount Joy tract on the east was named Hep- 
burn, and it still remains to perpetuate the names of the 
sagacious and far-seeing brothers. 

Although William Hepburn was a man without legal 
learning, he discharged the duties of judge with ability and 
fairness; he was endowed with a large amount of what is 
termed "hard common sense," which, combined with a 
clear, decisive, executive mind, enabled him to succeed where 
others would have failed. His intellectual faculties being 
above mediocrity, association and experience enabled him to 



70 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

advance rapidly in his judicial capacity, and ere the close of 
his term of office, which lasted for ten years, he came to be 
regarded as a good common pleas judge. Of course, there 
was a judge learned in the law who presided over the lafge 
judicial district, who sat at intervals to hear important 
causes involving difficult questions of law, but in minor 
questions Hepburn and his associates were able to hear and 
decide all matters coming before them. 

Judge Hepburn was a Covenanter and remained true to 
the faith of his fathers. As early as 1786 there was a society 
of Presbyterians in his settlement, and he was active in pro- 
moting the cause of religion. When the Rev. Isaac Grier 
was sent as missionary to the West Branch in 1792 by the 
Presbytery of Carlisle, he arrived on the 22d of June of that 
year at the house of Hepburn, and on the 24th he preached 
there. Among the early records of the Lycoming Presby- 
terian Church the name of Judge Hepburn frequently appears 
as a contributor to its support. He also served as treasurer. 
The late Tunison Coryell, in his historical reminiscences, 
thus speaks of him : 

The Judge was one of the supporters of the first Presby- 
terian Church built at Newberry. A receipt of the Rev. Isaac 
Grier, the pastor, to William Hepburn, dated February 20, 
1796, as treasurer of Lycoming Congregation, for "i^5 19s. 
3^d., full amount of the first year's salary due from said 
congregation, the 3d of October, 1794," has been preserved. 

From an old record it appears that the Judge had large 
money transactions with Philadelphians and others in 
1792. A receipt before us is shown that Thomas McClintock 
in 1796 was paid ^30 in full for one year's work. Also one 
other receipt, dated July 11, 1796, for ;^ioo in specie in full 
for a negro boy named Oliver, sold by William Gray, Esq., 
ofSunbury. October 20, 1798, he paid Thomas Hamilton 
$30 on account of excise, and about the same date $6.31 is 
paid Matthew Wilson [his son-in-law], collector of United 
States revenue, direct tax for property in Loyalsock Town- 
ship. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 7I 

The Judge built the present brick building and kitchen 
on the Deer Park farm in 1801. Jacob Hyman was the 
carpenter, and he was paid ;^2I7 7s. lod. in full, including 
the painting, for the work. 

He was fond of company and entertained his friends and 
acquaintances with the greatest hospitality ; he had a noble 
heart and a strong mind, which was well cultivated for a 
gentleman without opportunities of a good education, was 
kind and benevolent, and had hosts of warm friends. He 
was generally correct in his conclusions upon the bench, and 
was considered one of the leading associates. 

HIS ASSESSMENTS. 

The first assessment of the taxable inhabitants of Loyal- 
sock Township, made February, 1796, the first year after 
the erection of Lycoming County, shows William Hepburn 
to have been possessed of the following property : " Sixty acres 
cleared and one still house, ^225 ; 300 acres, 2 log houses, 
I log barn, ^90; 5cows, ^^15; 3 horses, ;!^i8; one store, ^50; 
one log cabin and 5 cattle, ^18." One hundred and fifty 
acres unseated land on Lycoming Creek was rated at 15s. per 
acre. In 1802, six years later, he was assessed with " 124 
acres cleared land, valued at ;^3.50 per acre; one brick house, 
^100; one barn, ;^50; one still house, ^200; four horses, 
$\6\ eight cows, $^ ; occupation as judge and storekeeper, 
$230." His total taxable property was valued at ;^ 1, 093.60. 

In 1 821', the year he died, he was assessed as follows : 

200 acres, valued at ^ 6, ^1,200 

40 " " "18, 720 

60 " " "12, 720 

I House, 500 

I Distillery, 500 

4 Horses and six Cattle, 128 

6 Houses, 50 

.Occupation, loo 

Total valuation, ?3,9l8 

The tax on this assessment was ^19.59. The previous 
year it was ;^I4.59. 



72 



THE HEPHURN FAMILY. 



Between the years i8oi and 1802 he erected the brick 
dwelling house near where his log houses stood. The 
exact time is shown by the assessments, as the brick house 
first appears in the list for 1802. This house, which was 
considered a very fine one for the time, was built of brick 
manufactured on the premises. It stands to-day as a land- 
mark, surrounded by board piles, and is correctly shown in 
the illustration. Here in the closing years of his life he dis- 
pensed an elegant hospitality, as he was very fond of com- 
pany, and men of note were frequent guests at his home. 




JUDGE HEPBURN'S RESIDENCE, BUILT IN l8oi. 

In 1804 Loyalsock Township was divided by the erec- 
tion of Hepburn, and so named in honor of Judge Hepburn. 
It has lost much of its territory during the last ninety years, 
but still retains its original name. 

To Judge Hepburn belongs the credit of being the first 
officer of Lodge No. 106, F. & A. M., Williamsport, which 
was constituted July i, 1806, by special dispensation di- 



THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 73 

rected to John Cowden, John Boyd, James Davidson and 
Enoch Smith, past masters. On that date they met and 
installed William Hepburn, W. M.; James Davidson, S. W. ; 
Samuel Coleman, J. W., and John Kidd, Secretary. A 
strong anti-Masonic sentiment prevailed at that time, and it 
required considerable nerve to hold such an office in the 
face of public opinion, but Hepburn was equal to the emer- 
gency. He was re-elected for 1807, 181 1 and 18 15. 

AS A PATRIOT. 

That Judge Hepburn was an exceedingly patriotic man 
is not strange, when we remember the trying times he 
passed through in fighting against a savage foe, hired by 
the British to commit the most atrocious deeds of blood 
against the early settlers. An account of a Fourth of July 
celebration in 1806, printed in the local paper of Williams- 
port at that time, reads : 

To celebrate the anniversary of the glorious period which 
gave birth to the freedom and independence of our country, 
a respectable number of gentlemen of this [Williamsport] 
borough assembled on Monday on the bank of the Sus- 
quehanna. William Hepburn, Esq., was chosen president, 
and Mr. Charles Stewart vice-president. After partaking 
of a collation twenty-three toasts were drank. 

[A few culled from the list will show the spirit which 
animated the meeting.] 

George Washington^— As a hero and statesman, the pride 
of America, and the admiration of the world — nine cheers 
and a volley. 

Our country — Proud of its national honor, may it never 
cringe to a foreign powex: — five cheers and a volley. 

Hemp — May there be a sufficiency of it for all who 
barter the liberties of their country — three cheers and a 
volley.' 

The Susquehatina — So long- as liberty is dear, may its 
banks give us an annual repast — six cheers and a volley. 

Voluntary by Judge Hepburn — All friends to our coun- 



74 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

try — May they never want spirit nor courage to defend it — 
three cheers and a volley. 

By Mr. Coleman* — Napoleon — May storms, hurricanes, 
thunder and lightning conspire together to sink him to the 
ocean's bottom, if he ever attempts to leave the European 
continent with his armies — six cheers and a volley. 

The next honor conferred upon him was a commission 
from Gov. Thomas McKean, under date of June 4, 1807, 
appointing him Major General of the Tenth Division of 
the State militia, composed of the counties of Lycoming, 
Tioga, Potter, Jefferson, McKean and Clearfield, to serve 
four years from the 3d of August following. He filled the 
appointment to the satisfaction of the Governor and retired 
clothed with military honors in 181 1. 

He was now nearly sixty years of age, but still retained 
a healthy, vigorous constitution, and took an active part in 
the management of his store and farm. Some years after- 
wards, in order to relieve himself from the pressure of busi- 
ness cares, he associated his son Samuel with him in the 
store, who, although quite young, aided him greatly. 

Matters ran along smoothly for ten years, when the vet- 
eran soldier, judge, merchant, and farmer, began to show 
signs of rapid* decline, and falling violently ill in June, 
1 82 1, he died on the 25th of that month, aged 68 years, in 
his brick mansion at the foot of Park Street. He was buried 
in the old graveyard on West Fourth Street, where he had 
assisted in burying those who were so mercilessly slain 
by the savages on the lOth of June, 1778. In this grave- 
yardf he had reserved for himself and family a plot of 



*Dr. Samuel Coleman, the second resident physician of Williamsport, 
was a Scotchman and no friend of Bonaparte. He afterwards moved to 
Clearfield County, named the Grampian Hills, and died there in 1819. 

■j-The ground for this graveyard, comprising one acre and a quarter, was 
conveyed to the "Lycoming Congregation," (Deed Book V, p. 385,) by 
Amariah Sutton, March 20, 1776, in consideration of five shillings. In a deed 
of release to Amariah Sutton, et al., trustees, by Joseph Williams and his wife 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 75 

ground 33x28 feet. Here he rested with his two wives 
until 1888, when preparations to build a church on the 
sacred spot necessitated the removal of the remains of him- 
self, wife and several relatives, to Wildwood. 



The will of Judge Hepburn, evidently drawn by his own 
hand, gives the reader an insight of the character and traits 
of the man. It is longer than such documents usually are, 
but when the extent of his family is considered surprise 
ceases. It may be found in Will Book I, p. 136, and is as 
follows : 

This is the last ivill and testament of me the undersigned 

William Hepburn, Associate fudge of the Court of Common 

Pleas of Lycoming County: 

First. I direct my executors to pay all of my just debts 
and — 

Secondly. It is my will, and I do so order, that my 
Mansion farm remain, after my decease, in the occupancy 
and possession of my wife and family until the same shall 
be sold by my executors, as is hereinafter provided, for 
'the special purpose of aiding in the maintenance and 
support of my wife (if she shall remain my widow) and such 
of my children as shall be unmarried at the time of my de- 
cease, and shall live with me at that time on the said farm, 
and shall thereafter continue to live thereon. And it is my 
further will, and I do so order and direct, that until the said 
farm be sold, as aforesaid, my said wife (provided she con- 
tinues my widow as aforesaid) and family shall, with the said 
farm, have the use and enjoyment of all such implements of 
husbandry, stock, household furniture and personal prop- 
erty of any description, in the house and on the said farm, 

Letitia, heirs of Sutton, (Deed Book VI, p. 135,) made August 7, 1804, 
occurs this clause: "It is also agreed at said time between said parties that 
William Hepburn, Esq., is to have a privilege and property in the contents 
of thirty-three feet long and twenty- eight wide, and part now occupied by 
him, the said William Hepburn, within the above described premises." The 
original deed stipulated that it was to be used as a "burial ground forever." 



76 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

as my executors, in their discretion, shall deem necessary to 
the proper management thereof, and the comfort and 
accommodation of my said family. 

My stills and all other vessels and utensils belonging to 
the distillery, together with all other such personal property 
I may die possessed of, as may not, in the discretion of my 
executors, be needed in my family as aforesaid, I do hereby 
order and direct my executors to sell and dispose of as 
soon after my decease as conveniently may be, and all 
the residue of my personal property left with my family on 
the Mansion farm as above said, I do also hereby direct my 
executors to sell and dispose of as soon after the sale of the 
Mansion farm as may be. 

Thirdly. It is my will and I do hereby empower my 
executors, or a majority of them, to sell and convey in fee 
simple, the whole of my real estate, wheresoever the same 
may be situated, at such time, in such manner, and upon 
such conditions as they, or a majority of them, shall think 
right. 

Fourtlily. The proceeds of my personal estate, if any 
after the payment of my just debts and funeral expenses, 
shall be added to the proceeds of my real estate, and the 
whole together shall form one aggregate fund to be 
divided and disposed of as follows : That is to say, it 
shall be divided into as many shares as I have children 
now living, together with two more shares for my wife 
Betsey and the children of my late daughter Eliza. Each 
of my children now living shall receive one share ; my dear 
wife Betsey one share and a half, and the two children of 
my late daughter Eliza half a share. To my wife and to such 
of my children as are of age, or are married, their respect- 
ive shares shall be paid as the proceeds of my estate are 
received ; but the shares of such of my children as are 
minors shall be put out to interest in some public funds, or 
bank stock, or on real security, or otherwise, as my exe- 
cutors may deem most for the benefit of my said children, 
and the interest thereof applied to their support until they 
shall arrive at full age or marry, unless my executors should 
deem it necessary to apply a part of the principal also to 
this purpose, which they may do at any time if they find the 
interest too small a sum for the support of the minor child. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 'J'J 

With regard to the half share bequeathed to the children 
of my late daughter Eliza, it is my will that the same dispo- 
sition be made of it by my executors as is above provided in 
the case of my own minor children. It is further my will, with 
regard to the said half share, that if either of the children 
of my said late daughter Eliza die before my decease, or in 
its minority, the survivor shall have the full half share 
aforesaid ; and if both of the said children die in their 
minority and without issue, that the said half share shall 
sink into my estate and be divided as I have heretofore 
directed amongst my children. 

With regard to the children of my late daughter Janet 
Wilson, I consider the large advances made to their parents, 
in their lifetime, and the expenses incurred since their de- 
cease and yet to be incurred in maintaining and educating 
their children, as fully equivalent to the interest of any 
one of my children in my estate. With these considerations 
I bequeath them (the surviving children of my late daughter 
Janet Wilson) a certain tract of land called Fairfield, pat- 
ented in the name of Janet Wilson the 17th of April, 1794, 
but all expenses paid by me and all receipts in my name; 
and lest any doubts should arise with my heirs as to her 
title being sufficient, I do now bequeath said tract of land 
to her children, which land is situated on the waters of 
Hammond's Run, in Northumberland (now Lycoming) 
County beginning at a post, thence by land of William 
Winter, south thirty-three degrees west two hundred and 
ninety-two perches to a post, thence by vacant land north 
eighty- four degrees east seventy-three perches to an ash, 
north 'eighteen degrees east one hundred and five perches 
to a white oak, north-east one hundred and eighteen perches 
to a white oak, north ten degrees west thirty-four perches 
to a pine, north seventy-three degrees west one hundred 
and fifty perches to a black oak, south forty-six perches to 
a hickory and north seventy-nine degrees west, one hun- 
dred and thirty perches to the beginning, containing 216 
acres, three perches and an allowance of six per cent, for 
roads, &c. I do also bequeath unto Mary Wilson, Samuel 
Wilson, Matilda^Wilson and Robert Wilson, children of my 
late daughter Janet Wilson, the sum of $200 each, to be 
paid when my executors think most expedient. 



78 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Fifthly. If any of my children now alive should marry 
and die leaving issue between the time of making and exe- 
cuting the present will and my own death, such issue shall 
be entitled in equal proportion to the share that would 
otherwise have belonged to the parent, to be invested by 
my executors, for his or their use, in some safe or proper 
security, to be paid to such, my grandchild or grandchil- 
dren, when he or they shall attain the age of twenty-one, or 
marry, except so much thereof as may be necessary for the 
support and education of such grandchild or children, to 
which the interest shall always first be applied. 

Sixthly. Should any of my children die after my de- 
cease in their minority and without issue, the share, or 
what remains thereof, to such child so dying, shall be 
divided amongst the rest of my children, or their issue, re- 
spectively, on the principle aforesaid. 

Seventhly. Whereas one-third part of my personal prop- 
erty, and one-third of the annual proceeds of my real 
property, would amount, as I conceive, to a share out of 
proportion, and far greater than my wife is reasonably en- 
titled to, considering my numerous family, my will is that 
the share and half share before mentioned and bequeathed 
to my present wife shall be considered in lieu and bar of all 
dower and claim of dower to which she may be entitled ; 
and if after my decease she should think proper to reject 
the provision herein made for her, and lay claim to her legal 
dower out of my estate, then my will is that the said share 
and half share bequeathed to her, together with all the 
shares herein bequeathed to my children by her shall be 
null and void, and the same shall go to increase the aggre- 
gate, and to be divided among my other children by my 
former wife, and I leave the children by my present wife Bet- 
sey to be supported by her alone out of such her dowry, con- 
scientiously believing that the disposition in this present 
will made is fair and equitable between my children and my 
present wife. 

Eighthly. Whereas a partnership now exists between my 
son Samuel and myself in a store in Williamsport, in which 
I have advanced $4,000 as permanent stock, which $4,000 
is to be refunded at my decease, out of the funds of the 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 79 

Store, if not done before. The house and two lots now oc- 
cupied by my son Samuel in Williamsport I do value at 
;g4,000, and it being my desire that the business of said 
store shall proceed without interruption or embarrassment 
after my decease, it is therefore my will, and I do hereby 
direct, if my said son Samuel shall agree thereto, and con- 
sent under such arrangement to continue the same store upon 
his own account, and take the house and lots at the price I 
have put upon them, that the sum of ^2,000, part of the said 
$4,000, shall bear interest for one year after my decease, 
and that my said son shall pay to my executors yearly 
after my decease the sum of $800 until the said sum of 
$4,000 and the interest as aforesaid, shall be fully paid and 
discharged; and when so paid and discharged, and my 
interest in the profits of the said store (as per the written 
article between my said son and myself) is arranged to the 
satisfaction of my executors, the said store buildings and 
lots shall be the sole and absolute property and estate of my 
said son Samuel. The money to be received from my said 
son as aforesaid to constitute a part of the aggregate of my 
estate after payment of debts, and to be divided among.st 
my children as aforesaid. 

Ninthly. I constitute and appoint Robert McClure, Esq., 
and my sons Samuel Hepburn, William Hepburn, and 
James Hepburn, to be executors of this will, and guardians 
of such of my children as may be minors at the time of my 
decease — of such my executors, or a majority, may act, and 
if any one should die, a majority of the survivors may ap- 
point another guardian in his place, if deemed necessary. 
I also appoint Alexander Stewart as one of the guardians 
for my minor children. 

[Signed] William Hepburn. 

Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us, 
. this 25th day of June, 1821. 
John Cummings, 
James McClintock. 

The will was* probated Jime 28, 1821, before Joseph 
Foulke, Register and Recorder. 



8o THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

HIS FAMILY. 
As before stated, Judge Hepburn married, first, Crecy 
Covenhoven [b. N. J., 17S9,] in 1777, and they had issue: 

13. i. Janet, b. August 22, 1778; m. Matthew Wilson; d. July 6, 181 1. 

14. ii. Mary, b. 1780; m. Robert McClure; d. December 17, 1839. 

in. Elizabeth, b. 1782; m. Alexander Stewart; d. March 29, 181 7; 

left two sons, Charles and William Stewart. 
iv. Matilda^ b. October 3, 1784; m. Alexander Stewart, widowed 

husband of her sister Elizabeth; d. October 30, 1866; no issue. 
V. Lucy, b. 1786; d. January, 1864, unmarried. 

15. vi. Sarah, b. 1788; m. Col. Alexander Cummings of the U. S. A. 
vii. Mercy, b. 1790; m. Dr. William R. Power; both d. in Phila- 
delphia; time unknown; no issue. 

via. Williain,\). 1792; was one of the executors of his father's estate; 
evidently d. before 1831, as in that year James, the sole surviv- 
ing executor, sold the mansion house property; was unmarried. 
ix. Sa7nnel,h. 1795; m. Sarah Cowden; d. August 22, 1824. Was 
interested with his father in a store, and owned lots No. 186 and 
187, Williamsport. His estate, on appraisement, footed up as 
follows: Brick house, $3,050; store and lots, $680.35. His 
widow subsequently m. James Merrill, Esq., of New Berlin. 

16. X. James, b. April 14, 1799; m., first, Rebecca Cowden; second, 

Julia Baldwin, of Elmira. 

Mrs. Crecy Covenhoven Hepburn having died April 8, 
1800, Judge Hepburn married, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas and Jane Walker Huston, of Williamsport. She 
was a sister of Charles Huston, the eminent jurist and Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, and of Martha, 
who afterwards married A. D. Hepburn, son of James Hep- 
burn, of Northumberland. Thomas Huston came from 
Bucks County, where he had married Jane, daughter of 
Charles Walker, (about 1770,) who was a member of the 
famous legal family of Ireland, and married Mary McClana- 
han, daughter of a Scottish lord. He (Huston) served as a 
captain in the Revolutionary war. About the time Wil- 
liamsport was founded he settled there, and in 1798 built a 
log house on the north-west corner of the square, in which 
he opened an inn. Several terms of the early courts were 



THE HEPBURN F'AMILY. Ol 

held in one of the rooms of this building. Captain Huston 
died May ii, 1824, aged 85 years, and his wife followed 
him July 8, 1824, aged "JJ years. 

By his second marriage Judge Hepburn had is^^ue: 

17. xi. Crecy, b. October I, i8oi ; m. Thomas P. Simmons; d. August 8, 

1884, in Williamsport. 

18. xii. Charles, b. 1S02; m. Margaret McMeens; d. at Grand Rapids, 

Michigan. 

19. xiii. Harriet, b. November 23, 1S04; m. Dr. E. L. Hart, of Elmira; 

d. August 6, 1892. 

20. xiv. yohn,h. November 16, 1806; m. Caroline Wheeler, of Elmira, 

March 8, 1831; d. November 24, 1878. His wife, b. June 6, 
1807, d. August 24, 1878. Both d. in Williamsport. 
XV. Cowden,h. September 27, 1808; m. Susan Tuttle; d. March 26, 
1877. His wife d. September 13, 1883, aged 73 years, 9 
months and 4 days Had three sons and four daughters, viz. : 
Edward, James, Charles, Frances, Mellicent, Charlotte, and 
' Susan. All are deceased but Frances and Charlotte, and they 

reside in Kansas. 

xvi. Charlotte, b. 1810; m. David Jack, of Boalsburg, Centre County; 
d. Elmira, 1855. Issue (surname Jack): Elizabeth, Charles, 
Hepburn, b. April 13, 1840, d. March 19, 1861; Agnes and 
Crecy. The latter m. Bethel Claxton, of Philadelphia, and d. 
leaving three sons. Elizabeth, now the only survivor, m. Albert 
Steele, and lives in Michigan; has one daughter named Char- 
lotte. 

xvii. Martha, h. l8l2; d. 1817. 

21. xviii. Susan, b. 1814; m. Rev. G. L. Brown; d. May 5, 1841, leaving 

an infant daughter. 

22. xix. Huston, b. August 17, 1817; m., first, Susan McMicken; second, 

Anna Simmons; d. April 4, 189 1. 

Mrs. Hepburn, second, born in 1779, d. November 21, 
1827, aged 48 years, having survived her husband a few 
months over six years. 

SAMUEL HEPBURN, JR. 

IV. Samuel Hepburn,^ (Samuel,^) born in County Done- 
gal, Ireland, in 1755; came to America with his father and 
brother John. Near the close of the century he settled 
at Milton, Pa., and opened a store for the sale of merchan- 



82 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

disc. Milton was laid out in 1792, consequently Samuel 
Hepburn* was one of the first, if not \he first, store-keepers 
in the settlement. He married Edith Miller about 1791, and 
died December 24, 1801, in the 46th year of his age. His re- 
mains were taken to Northumberland and buried by the side 
of his father, where his tombstone may still be seen. 

It appears from the account of his administrators (his 
brothers James and William), on file at Sunbury, that he was 
doing a good business for that time, as the inventory foots 
up over $7,000. On account of many bad debts on his 
books, considerable time was consumed in settling up his 
estate, and three different statements were made to the 
court by the administrators before their account was con- 
firmed and closed. 

After his death his widow carried on the store for a few^ 
years, when she married, secondly, Samuel Erwin, of Bucks 
County, and they moved to Painted Post, N. Y., or its 
vicinity, where he had large landed interests. It is un- 
known at this writing (July, 1894,) whether there was any 
issue by the first marriage or not. That there was a family 
of Erwins at Painted Post is a matter of history ; and there 
is an Erwin Township in Steuben County to-day which 
took its name from this family. 

A SCATTERED FAMILY. 

V. John Hepburn,^ (Samuel,^) born in County Donegal, 
Ireland, 1757; came to America first with his father and 
brother Samuel ; was sent back in a short time to bring his 
mother and sister over. The vessel, Faithful Steward, on 
which they sailed, was lost somewhere on the American coast, 
and his mother and sister were drowned while trying to get 
ashore in a small boat, but he was saved and brought the 

*This Samuel Hepburn must not be confounded with Samuel Hepburn, 
the eminent lawyer, who settled in Milton about l8oi or 1802, and died at 
Lock Haven in 1865. The former was an uncle of the latter. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 83 

sorrowful tidings to his father and brothers at Northumber- 
land. 

That he married Mary Elliott about 1790 is well attested by 
his descendants now living in Iowa. Her family is supposed 
to have been living on Chillisquaque Creek, Northumberland 
County, where many early settlements were made. It is also 
well attested that they lived in Milton, for their son James, 
recently deceased, said that he was born there March 2, 1 802. 

Soon after this the family settled in what is now known 
as Susquehanna Township, Lycoming County, on a fine 
level tract of land in the bend of the river, opposite the vil- 
lage of Linden, six miles west of Williamsport. A quit- 
claim deed, on record at Williamsport, (Book I, p. 22,) made 
by James, William, John and Edith (Miller) Hepburn, 
releases (in consideration of ^200) to John Miller a lot at 
Tioga Point, Lycoming County, on which Miller had a 
storehouse and outbuildings. John Hepburn agreed to 
take the title to the property at his own risk and pay the 
consideration. The receipt was attested September 26, 
1807, and the deed was executed December 3, 1807. This 
indicates that the three brothers of Samuel (deceased), and 
his widow, had some claim on the property. At this time 
John was about fifty years of age, as he was born in 1757. 

John Hepburn* and wife died in " Susquehanna Bottom," 
but the time cannot be accurately stated. His son James, 
who died in Iowa in 1885, said that he was about twelve 
years old when his father died ; and as he (James) was born in 
March, 1802, that would make the time of his death in 
1 8 14, at the age of about, fifty-eight. The tradition is that 
he died from the effects of a cancer. His wife died five years 
later, or in 18 19, according to the recollection of her son 
James. 

*On a preceding*page it was stated, that the place where his death occur- 
red was unknown. Since ' those pages were printed the place has been 
discovered. 



84 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

John Hepburn and his wife, Mary Elliott, had issue, all 
born at Milton : 

i. Rosana,h. about 1792; d. 1799. 
ii. yawif, b. about 1794; d. 1812. 
Hi. Isabella, b. about 1796; m. William Brady and they settled in 

Woodhull, Steuben County, New York. 
iv. John, b. about 1798; m. Elizabeth Martin, in what is now Piatt 

Township, Lycoming County, Pa. She d. early, leaving one 

son, William G., and two daughters, Sarah and Elizabeth. The 

son was killed in the first battle of Bull Run. The father d. 

August, 1859. 
V. Samuel, b. July 18, 1800; m. Mary Crawford, of Steuben County, 

New York; d. January 18, 1884, in Level Corner. 
vi. James, h. March 2, 1802 ; m. Roxana Simmons; d. February 

13, 1885, in Iowa. 

James claimed that he had a brother Andrew, but he 
never knew what became of him. In Bancroft's History of 
Popular Tribunals, San Francisco, (Vol. 2, p. 47), he men- 
tions an Andrew Hepburn, who appeared as a witness in 
the trial of Casey, who shot King, a rival editor, in 1856. 
Perhaps he was the lost brother and a " 49er." 

Samuel, the fifth child of the above family, was a resident 
of Lycoming County about eighty years. When he mar- 
ried Mary Crawford they settled in Level Corner. She 
was born November 4, 1 800, and died August 4, 1 880. Soon 
after the Pennsylvania Canal was opened Samuel secured 
the appointment of lock-tender at the head of the " nine 
mile level," and there he remained for twenty-seven years. 
Owing to his position he made many acquaintances among 
those who did business on that great water way ; and es- 
pecially in the days of the packet boats, after the stage 
coaches were supplanted by this swifter method of transpor- 
tation, he was known to hundreds of travelers. When the 
locomotive came his calling was soon ended, and he and 
his wife retired to live with their son, John C, at whose 
house they both died at the dates given above. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 85 

Samuel Hepburn and his wife, Mary Crawford, had issue: 

i. Waiiam, b. December 23, 1820; m. Margaret Baslian; he died 

in the army; had one son, Samuel Dale, and two daughters, 

Henrietta and Martha; his widow and children live in Wil- 

liamsport. 

ii. Robert, b. September 7, 1822; m. and lives in Bellefonte ; have 

three sons and one daughter. 
in. y1/a>'_gflTf/,b. December 25, 1824; m. Charles Martin and settled 
at Canisteo; d. January 17, 1892; her husband died eleven 
days before her; left three sons. 
iv. Mary P., b. December 8, 1826; m. John Gheen; d. November i, 

1885; left three sons and one daughter. 
V. 'yane,\>. August 8, 1S28; m. Robert Davidson; reside at Jersey 

.Shore; have one son, James. 
vi. Martha, b. March 30, 1830; m. Warren Clark, of Nippenose 

Valley; is deceased; no issue. 
vii. Charles, b. March 4, 1835; m. Rebecca Gillespie; shed, in 1884, 
leaving four sons and one daughter, viz.: I. John W., b. 
September 10, 1866; m. Flora E. Fessler and lives in Wil- 
liamsport. 2. James D., b. February 21, 1868; m. and lives 
near Montoursville. 3. Robert W., b. June 9, 1870; single. 
4. Wilbur G.,b. 1872. 5. Carmina, b. April 9, 1884. Mr. 
Hepburn lives in Level Corner. 
viii. John C.,\>. November 14, 1837; m. Mary P. Shaffer December 
23, 1881; have one son. Walker; live in Linden, Pa. 
ix. Nancy C, b. August 8, 1840; m. Warren Clark, widowed hus- 
band of her sister Martha; live in Nippenose Valley. 

Soon after the death of Mary Elliott Hepburn, mother of 
John's family, a descendant living in Iowa writes : " The 
family separated never, again to see each other!" James,,, 
the youngest of her family of whom we have any record,, 
left home at about the age of eighteen years and made his 
way to Ontario County, New York, learned the trade of a 
carpenter, and at Canandaigua, in 1822, married Roxana Sim- 
mons. The same year they settled in Olean, New York, 
where, they lived until 1850, when they emigrated to Iowa 
and located in Pglk County — probably near Des Moines, as 
James was a carpenter and builder. Their children, all born 
at Olean, were as follows: 



S6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

i. yo/in,h. in 1823; m. and lives at Glencoe, Neb., and has Wil- 
liam, Amasa, Charles and Emma. He is a farmer. 

u. Joseph Addison,\i. April 27, 1827; removed to Iowa March 21, 
1850, and to Polk County and Des Moines May 23, 1855 ; was 
a merchant; m. Annie E. Jordan January 2, 1866; d. May 3, 
1893. Issue: George B., Frank A., Nellie E.,and Alice E. 
Hepburn. 

Hi. Mary Ellion,h.. 1829; m. Rev. John A. Nash in 1853, and d. 
April, 1S94. Issue (Surname Nash): i. John A., Jr., b. May 
9, 1854; is a practicing attorney at Audubon, Iowa. 2. Jennie 
C, m. Rev. C. J. Rose, Oberlin, Ohio. 3. Netta M., m. John 
McVickar, Des Moines. 4, Harriet M.; single. 

iv. Harriet, m., 1S53, Dr. Joseph A. Davis and lives at Ridgeland, 

Iowa. Her husband d. August 28, 1884. No Issue. 
V. Maria Elizabeth, b. 1837 ; m., 1868, George Dunham. 

vi. Charles S., b. 1842 ; d, of typhoid fever in 1863, while serving 
in the war of the Rebellion. 

Roxana Simmons Hepburn, mother of the above six chil- 
dren, born March ii, 1804, died April 14, 1873, in Des 
Moines. Her husband survived her about twelve years and 
died at Ridgeland, Iowa, February 13, 1885, at the ripe age of 
almost 83 years. When he crossed the plains of Iowa in 1850 
with his family, the country was wild and thinly settled, and 
bands of roving Indians were frequently seen. He lived 
long enough to see the country reclaimed from its wild 
state. Near his primitive home the advancing tide of civil- 
ization swept grandly by, leaving in its wake populous 
towns and cities. Yet there is something deeply pathetic 
in the story that when the members of his father's family 
parted on the banks of the romantic Susquehanna two gen- 
erations before his decease, they parted to know each other 
no more! 

A POPULAR MAN AND OFFICER. 

On the death of Joseph. Addison, second son of James and 
Mary Elliott Hepburn, the Des Moines Leader of May 4, 
1893, thus spoke of him : 

Every one knew Add. Hepburn. And there is not one in 
all the county's 80,000 people to take offense at the state- 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 87 

merit that he had more friends and fewer enemies than any 
other resident in the city. He had Hved a courageous Hfe 
in Des Moines, and through his manner of bearing misfor- 
tunes that would have broken down and killed stronger 
men, he made every man his friend, his friend indeed. 

Mr. Hepburn was the Recorder of Polk County. He was 
elected by a unanimous vote last November, and was in- 
ducted into office the first of January. His extreme 
popularity insured his nomination by all the political parties, 
and, the only instance in the history of the county, was 
elected by receiving every vote cast. Last Thursday he 
spent the day in his office in the court house, but was suf- 
fering from a cold. Nothing serious appeared until Sun- 
day, when physicians were called in and it was discovered 
that Mr. Hepburn was suffering from an attack of pneu- 
nionia developed from the slight cold he had taken the 
Thursday before. He rapidly grew worse, and yesterday 
afternoon his strength failed him and he gave up the battle, 
and his life. 

J. Add. Hepburn was born in Olean, N. Y., April 27, 
1829, He was therefore 64 years of age. He removed to 
Iowa, March 21, 1850, and to Polk County and Des Moines 
May 23, 1855. Here he has lived for nearly forty years. 
After removing to the city he clerked for James Crane, who 
maintained a dry goods establishment on Second Street. 
In 1856, in company vvith M. A. Woodward, he started a 
dry goods house, also on Second Street, then the centre of 
business of the city. Afterwards he was associated with a 
firm, Morris & Hepburn, and later clerked in Trepanier's 
establishment. 

Five years ago he was compelled to retire from active work 
and business life because of physical debility. When a small 
boy he had gone in bathing in very cold water, or had chilled 
himself in some way, and caught a cold which settled in his 
right leg, making him lame. He was rejected on that ac- 
count when he tried to enlist in the army. The limb always 
troubled him, and about five years ago he was compelled to 
submit to an amputation of it just below the knee. Soon 
after another aniputation became necessary, and a short time 
ago another, the last of which left nothing of the member. It 
was a series of misfortunes and torture that mio-ht have broken 



88 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

the man's spirit and ruined his hope for better things. But 
all the people know that Add. Hepburn was made of nobler 
stuff. Mr. Hepburn was a Mason and a member of the 
Baptist Church. He was one of the old settlers and they 
will turn out almost en masse to attend the funeral. 

And thus almost in the winkinfj of an eye the life of 
Add. Hepburn went out. The noblest epitaph ever spoken of 
man has said of him : " He was an honest man." Misfor- 
tune filled his life; he endured. Pain racked him; he 
smiled. Fortune came ; he greeted her with honesty. He 
lived uprightly, he suffered manfully, and died courageously. 

HIS WIDOW HONORED BY THE PEOPLE. 

Several hours before the spirit of Joseph Addison Hep- 
burn had " passed into the valley of the shadow," two or 
three persons had forced themselves upon the Board of Super- 
visors and importuned them for the appointment to the posi- 
tion death was on the eve of making vacant. They were 
repulsed by the board and requested to observe the rules of 
propriety and decency in such cases. Such conduct aroused 
the indignation of the press, and the Leader thus referred 
to the matter : 

Meantime it is pleasing to know that men, regardless of 
party, and moved by chivalrous motives born of generous in- 
stincts, so soon as the scramble became known, united in 
an almost spontaneous movement to secure the appointment 
of Mrs. Hepburn to the place made vacant by the mournful 
death of her esteemed and lamented husband. The judges 
of the court, scores of attorneys, many of the county offi- 
cials. Democrats and Republicans, and in fact almost every- 
body concurred in the proposition, and for the purpose of 
checkmating the hungry office hunters seeking the place, 
delegations were appointed to wait upon such members of 
the Board of Supervisors who are in the city, to urge the 
appointment of Mrs. Hepburn to the position of Recorder. 
This most excellent, but sadly bereaved lady, is said to 
possess ample executive ability and business tact to assume 
and discharge the duties of the office, and a powerful in- 
fluence vv'ill be exerted to secure her appointment. Every 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 89 

citizen of Des Moines, who knew Add. Hepburn, and they 
were legion, will cheerfully extend to his accomplished wife 
all the assistance possible to persuade the Supervisors to 
confer upon her the tide of the office. 

The Board of Supervisors promptly responded to the 
unanimous demand of public sentiment by appointing Mrs. 
Hepburn to the position made vacant by the decease of her 
husband; and, as a further attestation of the popularity of 
deceased and the esteem and respect entertained for his 
widow, at the succeeding election she was nominated and 
elected without opposition ! It is doubtful, so far as per- 
sonal popularity, appreciation and sympathy for two indi- 
viduals are concerned, if a parallel case can be found in any 
county of the United States! 

A DISTINGUISHED CLERGYMAN. 

Mary Elliott Hepburn, their third child and eldest daughter, 
who became the second wife of Rev. John A. Nash, D. D., a 
distinguished pioneer Baptist minister, was a lady of culture 
and refinement, and active in Sunday School and all relig- 
ious work. Dr. Nash was born in the town of Sherburne, 
Chenango County, New York, July 11, 1815. The family 
from which he descended was founded in America in 1649, 
by Edward Nash, of Stratford, England, who settled near 
Norwalk, Connecticut. John A. Nash, D. D., died Febru- 
ary 14, 1890, under peculiarly painful circumstances, in his 
75th year. His death was the result of an accident ; while 
attempting to board a moving train, he was knocked from 
the platform, sustaining a fracture of the thigh bone, right 
leg, near the hip. He was taken to his home in Des 
Moines, where he lay motionless for twelve weeks before 
he died. 



SKETCHES OF THE DESCENDANTS OF JAMES 
AND WILLIAM HEPBURN. 



VI. Samuel Hepburn,^^ (James,^ Samuel/) born in Phila- 
delphia November 5, 1782; died at Lock Haven October 
16, 1865, in the 84th year of his age. He was raised at 
Northumberland, Pa., and there he received his preparatory 
education. At a suitable age he entered Princeton College 
and was graduated therefrom with honor. On his return 
home he commenced reading law under the direction of the 
celebrated Jonathan H. Walker, then a resident of his 
native town, and was admitted to the bar at Sunbury about 
1800. He located at Milton, Pa., where his uncles, Samuel 
and John, were then living, the former engaged in merchan- 
dising, and he was the second lawyer to open an office in 
that place. 

At that time Milton was a very small town, but he closely 
attended to business, and as the place grew his business ex- 
panded with it, until he had built up a fine practice. Mr. 
Hepburn married Miss Ann, daughter of Rev. Slator 
Clay and Hannah Hughes, widow of John Hughes, of 
Montgomery County, Pa., about 181 1. After living in Mil- 
ton about forty-five years, they removed to Lock Haven in 
1856, in order to be near their two daughters who were 
residents of that place. There Mr. Hepburn died as stated 
above. His wife, who was born March 16, 1788, died 
December 5, 1865, having survived him less than two 
months. 

His character is thus analyzed from a professional and 
moral standpoint by one who knew him well : 

Samuel Hepburn was a lawyer of wide reputation, attend- 




ANDREW D. HEPBURN 

Born, 1784 Died, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. QI 

ing the courts of Northumberland, Lycoming, Montour, 
Columbia, Union, Centre, and Clinton counties. He was a 
man of polite and gentlemanly manners, of great integrity 
and uprightness of character ; temperate in his habits, not 
much given to society, but domestic and retiring, finding his 
happiness mainly in his own family. He was decided in 
his political opinions, but no partisan or politician, and not 
ambitious of place or office. He was a member and elder 
of the Presbyterian Church, and always took a deep interest 
in its affairs. 

Samuel Hepburn and wife had issue as follows: 

23. i. Hannah Maria, h. December 25, 1812; m. William H. Black- 

iston June 8, 1835, and d. June, 1878. 

24. ii. James Curtis, b. March 13, 1815; m. Clara M. Leete ; mission- 

ary to China and Japan ; now resides in Orange, N. J. 

25. Hi. 6'(7r(7/^, b. June 2, 1817; m. James Pollock December 19, 1837; 

d. April 24, 1886. 

26. iv. Slator C/av,h. October 19, 1819; studied theology and entered 

the Presbyterian ministry ; stationed at Campbell Hall, N. Y. 

27. V. Mary, b. May l, 1822; m. L. A. Mackey; resides in Lock 

Haven. 
vi. Emma, b. July 22, 1825; '"• Hogan Brown. 
vii. Louisa Harriet, b. March 7, 1828; m. Edward McClure; resides 

in Lock Haven. 
via. Jane, b. December 2, 1830; m. Dr. H. C. Lichtenthaler; d. 
August 13, 1872. 

Vn. Andrew Doz Hepburn,^ (James,^ Samuel,^) second 
son of James and- Mary Hopew^ell Hepburn, was born at 
Northumberland Maixh 10, 1784,* and died at Williams- 
port March 6, 1861. He was named for Andrew Doz, a 
resident of Philadelphia, who. was appointed "Commissioner 
of Purchases" for that city by the Supreme Executive, 
Council, -April i, 1780.- The letter apprising him of his 
appointment says: "The very urgent necessity for every 
exertion in the duties of this office induces the Council to 
request you wilk immediately take the qualification required 

*On page 133 an error occurred in printing the date of his birth. For 
May 23, 17S6, read March 10, 1784. 



92 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

by law to proceed to purchase — especially forage, for which 
there is the most pressing necessity, as the public horses are 
now suffering for want of it." See Vol. VIII., p. 154, Penn- 
sylvania Archives. Doz was an acquaintance of James 
Hepburn, who was then a merchant in Philadelphia, and 
such a friendship existed between them that he named his 
second son after him. He was a descendant of the cele- 
brated Vander Doz, the philosopher, statesman, historian, 
and defender of Leyden during the siege by the Spaniards. 
The name has been perpetuated to the present generation 
by descendants of Andrew Doz Hepburn. 

He was educated in the schools of his native town and 
brought up to the mercantile business in the store of his 
father. When scarcely eighteen years of age he was sent 
to Williamsport to look after the landed interests of his 
father, who owned the Mt. Joy tract of 300 acres, which 
adjoined the western boundary line of Williamsport, besides 
other lands in the county of Lycoming. His uncle, Judge 
William Hepburn, it will be remembered, owned the Deer 
Park farm, lying west of his father's land. 

Soon after his arrival he built a house, opened a store, and 
became the secojid merchant in Williamsport. It was then 
a mere hamlet, and a large part of the site of the future 
city was covered by a forest. The logs for his house were 
hewn from trees felled from the rear part of the lot, which 
was situated on the north-west corner of the public square 
and Market Street. On the 2d of September, 18 13, James 
Hepburn and his wife conveyed (See Deed Book M, p. 67,) 
this lot and another one (Nos. 183 and 1 84) to him " in consid- 
eration of natural love and one dollar." These lots were 
originally purchased from Michael Ross. The house 
was afterwards weather-boarded, and was quite a landmark 
until it was destroyed by fire several years ago. The site 
is now occupied by a modern brick block. 

In 1802, when less than nineteen years of age, he mar- 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 93 

ried Martha, daughter of Thomas and Janet Walker Hus- 
ton, of Bucks County, mention of whom has been made. 
She was a sister of Charles Huston, afterwards a justice of 
the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, as well as a younger 
sister of the second wife of his uncle, Judge Hepburn, 
which also made him the brother-in-law of his uncle. This 
union proved a long and happy one. 

He carried on his mercantile business for several years 
and was very successful, but after a time he gave himself 
up to the care of his valuable and increasing property. He 
purchased and inherited large tracts of land, a portion of 
which at this time includes a large part of the city. In 
addition he owned several farms in the vicinity. In 1815 
he laid out a number of lots west of Hepburn Street, which 
he named "Hepburn's Addition." He sold the first sites 
for saw mills when the lumber industry was beginning to 
develop, and lived long enough to see it in the full tide of 
successful operation. 

His integrity and standing as a business man is shown by 
the fact that he was chosen county treasurer in 1806 and 
served until 1808. He was then only twenty-four years of 
age. It is rare that this office is conferred upon one so 
young. He was also identified with the militia at an early 
date. A book of military tactics, now in the possession of 
A. D. Hepburn, a grandson, contains this entry in his own 
handwriting : " Brigade Major, A. D. Hepburn." This 
rank was equivalent to what is now assistant adjutant gen- 
eral. The time of his military service was somewhere be- 
tween 1 800 and 1 8 10, or perhaps later. 

He was studious and industrious. Early in life he made 
himself familiar with both law and medicine, and always 
gave • these sciences much study and thought. People, 
therefore, were in" the habit, ,as long as he lived, of going 
to him for legal advice, and the afflicted often consulted 
him. He was frequently called on by the court to serve as 



94 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 



a commissioner when it was sought to divide a township, 
sit as an arbitrator, or attend to other business involving 
good judgment, practical knowledge and experience. In 
1824 he was one of three viewers commissioned to 
divide Lycoming Township; and in 1825 he was called on to 
serve in the same capacity in the division of Muncy Town- 
ship. By act of April 14, 1827, he was appointed one of 
the commissioners to lay out " by courses and distances " a 
state road from Northumberland to Jersey Shore. 

He was quiet and retiring in his manners, possessed an 
excellent literary taste, with marked intellectual attainments. 
There were iew men in the community more widely known, 
or whose influence was more generally felt. He was alive 
to the importance of public improvements, and his pen was 
ably used in promoting the construction of the West Branch 
Canal, which he regarded as essential for the development 
of the country. He was a large shipper of grain down the 
river by arks to Baltimore, and he saw the necessity of an 
improved method of transportation by water for the benefit 
of the business man and farmer. 

Mr. Hepburn was a lover of books and a great reader. 
In the later years of his life he devoted much of his time to 
the study of theological literature. He was thoroughly 
conversant with the doctrines of the Presbyterian Church, 
and it is said of him that ministers of his church were almost 
afraid to enter his library because of the severe catechising 
to which he was in the habit of subjecting them. His 
grandfather, Samuel Hepburn, was prominently connected 
with the Presbyterian Church of Scotland, and so inten.se 
was the religious feeling at that time that he was forced to 
leave his native land and take refuge in Ireland. His de- 
scendants followed in his footsteps in America. The sub- 
ject of our sketch was one of the first two elders of the 
church organized in Williamsport, and there has been an 
umnterrupted line of eldership among his descendants down 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 95 

to the present generation. He also gave a portion of the 
ground for the first Presbyterian church erected in Wil- 
liamsport, and very largely bore the expense of the first 
building, and made provision in his will, under certain con- 
ditions, for a building to be used as a parsonage. He also 
served as superintendent of the Sunday school for many 
years. 

On the 6th of February, 1852, Mr. Hepburn had the mis- 
fortune to lose his wife by death. She was born in 1786 
and died in the 66th year of her age. They had lived hap- 
pily together for fifty years, and her demise was a severe 
blow to him. He survived her for nine years, and died, as 
stated in the beginning of this sketch, lacking but twenty- 
six days of being seventy years old. In his will, which is 
dated August 3, i860, he carefully divided his large estate 
among his heirs, and appointed his sons, Andrew and 
Thomas, executors. 

The remains of himself and wife repose in the family lot 
in the Williamsport Cemetery, Washington Street, where 
their tombstones may be seen. They left issue: 

28. /. James Huston, b. September 11, 1803; d. July 30, 1853, in 

Jersey Shore. 
a. Mary,h. September 30, 1805; m. Dr. James Rankin, Muncy; 
d. January 13, 1853; left two sons, William McGinley and 
Andrew Hepburn, both deceased, and one daughter, now Mrs. 
Emily Bear. 

29. m. Samuel, b. November 26, 1806; living in Carlisle, Pa. 

30. iv. Janet, b. November 29, 1808; living in Muncy. 

V. Martha, b. October 28, 1810; m. Dr. Thomas Wood, Muncy; d. 
July 27, 1846; left one son, Thomas Hopewell Wood, now a 
resident of Litchfield, Minnesota. 

31. vi.' William,h. December, 1812; d. October 5, 1855, in Williams- 

port. 

32. ^vii. Andrew, b. December 15, 1814; d. June 10, 1872, in Williams- 

port. » ' 
via. Charles Walker, h. March 19, 1819; studied law, was admitted 
to the bar, and d. at Harrisburg September 19, 1842. 
ix. Hopewell, b. March 29, 1 82 1; d. July 4, 1844. 



^6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

33. X. Thomas, b. ; d. in Baltimore August 8, 1873. 

xi. Sarah, the youngest daughter, m. Dr. Wilham Hayes and they 
settled in Muncy, Pa. Issue (surname Hayes) : Ada H., m. 
Mr. Elliot; Mary H., m. Mr. Noble; is deceased. 

VIII. James Hepburn,^ (Janies,- Samuel/) fourth son of 
James and Mary Hopewell Hepburn, born May 19, 1789, 
at Northumberland, Pa.; died December 25, 1855, in Phila- 
delphia. After receiving a preparatory education in his 
native town, he studied law with his brother Samuel, who 
had located in Milton, and was admitted to the bar at Sun- 
bury August 19, 1819, and commenced the practice of his 
chosen profession. He at once evinced a talent for busi- 
ness and soon became one of the representative men of the 
town. He was chosen president of the Northumberland 
Bank, and bridge company, and was otherwise prominent 
in business affairs. He served as president of the bridge 
company from 1830 to 1838. 

The bridge across the river to Sunbury was first opened 
for travel in 18 14, but was not completed until 18 18. His 
father had taken a deep interest in the construction of the 
bridge, and its opening, a few years before his death, was a 
source of much gratification to him, as well as the occasion 
for a demonstration in whiih the people of the town and 
surrounding country participated. The son also was very 
much interested in the cause of education. The Northum- 
berland Academy, a famous institution in its day, and con- 
ducted by Rev. Isaac Grier in the very beginning of this 
century, was where he received his early instruction, and he 
never forgot his alma mater. 

From Northumberland he removed to Baltimore about 
1840, and soon afterwards became president of the Tide 
Water Canal Company. In the course of a few years, dur- 
ing which time he had almost entirely relinquished the 
practice of his profession, he retired, and removing to Phila- 
delphia, again resumed the law. He gave close attention to 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 97 

his profession and soon built up a good practice. In 1855 
Governor Pollock appointed him State Law Reporter, and 
the first 182 pages of I. Casey (Pennsylvania Reports, Vol. 
XXV,,) were compiled by him, with the exception of 
three cases. In less than a year after his appointment he 
fell ill and died, as stated above, in the 66th year of his age. 
James Hepburn married, January 29, 1810, Maria Hiatt, 
and they had issue, all born in Northumberland: 

i. Mary, b. November 19, 181 1; m. Anson V. Parsons April 3, 

1829, and d. September 7, 1856, in Philadelphia. 
it. James, b. August 17, 1813; d. in Williamsport February 19, 

1837. 

Hi. Hiatt Park, b. February 16, 181 5. Graduated at Dickinson 
Law School in 1836, and was admitted to the bar of Cumber- 
land County. Practiced law first in Baltimore, and in 1849 
went to California and became a leading lawyer in San Fran- 
cisco. He m. Susan, sister of Hon. William Preston, of Louis- 
ville, Kentucky ; returned to California, but d. while on a visit 
to Louisville May i, 1864. His widow now lives in Louisville, 

iv. Sarah Jane, b. June 7, 1816; m. J. H. Carter, of Baltimore, 

March 2, 1841, and d. in Harrisburg, Fa., May 11, 1842. 
V. Ann Eliza, b. June 20, 1818; m. Edward King, of Philadel- 
phia, and d. in Baltimore January, 1845. 

vi. Harriet, b. November 19, 1821; m. Henry Wilkins and removed 
to California; lives at San Rafael. Issue: Henry Wilkins, 
now a member of the bar, San Rafael ; James Hepburn Wilkins, 
journalist, and editor of a paper in San Rafael. 

vii. Lydia Louisa, b. April 19, 1828; d. September 29, 1829, in 

Northumberland. 
via. Emma Maria, h. October 9, 1831; d. in San Rafael, California, 
August 26, 1892, unmarried. 

ix. Caroline, b. June 16, 1835; m. Henry McCrea October 20, 
1859; d. in Philadelphia April 15, 1891. Issue: i. Henry 
McCrea, now a clergyman in New Haven, Connecticut. 
2. Maria Hepburn McCrea; lives in New Haven; unmarried. 

IX. Jane Hepburn,^ (Jaines,^ Samuel,^) born March 19, 
1795, was the sixth child and eldest daughter of James and 
Mary Hopewell Hepburn; married Francis C. Campbell, of 
Williamsport, May, 18 16; died May 19, 1867. 



98 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Mr. Campbell, born at York, Pa., April 18, 1787, grad- 
uated at Dickinson College and became a man of high lit- 
erary attainments. His father, John Campbell, studied 
theology, and desiring to attach himself to the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, went to England for ordination, there 
not being at this time any bishop of this church in Amer- 
ica. He was ordained by the Bishop of London, and was for 
some years rector of All-Saints' Church, Hertford, County 
Middlesex, England. He there married Miss Catharine Cut- 
ler, daughter of the mayor of the town in which his charge 
was situated. On the urgent request of his father, who was 
then living in this country, he returned to Pennsylvania, 
where, as his tombstone in the cemetery at Carlisle informs 
us, he was for " more than thirty years rector of St. John's 
Protestant Episcopal Church at Carlisle." 

After leaving Dickinson College Francis studied law un- 
der the direction of David Watts, Esq., an eminent lawyer 
of Carlisle, and was admitted to the bar in August, 18 10. 
He located in Williamsport April 18, 181 2, being then just 
past twenty-five years of age. He married Miss Hepburn 
at the residence of her parents in Northumberland in May, 
1 8 16, and the young couple immediately took up their resi- 
dence in Williamsport, which was then a very small village. 
Mr. Campbell was among the early lawyers to settle in the 
infant town, but he soon took a leading rank at the bar and 
speedily built up a fine practice. He stood high among the 
lawyers of the State for his legal attainments, and his prac- 
tice was marked by great success. He devoted himself ex- 
clusively to his profession, refusing all political preferment, 
and was in active practice for fifty years, when he retired, 
commanding the respect of his contemporaries and a wide 
circle of friends. His integrity was above suspicion, and 
his reputation for learning, honesty, benevolence and good 
works, remains as a legacy of honor to his posterity, and his 
memory is cherished as one largely endowed by nature 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 99 

with every virtue, who passed through the activities of a 
long and successful career. He died April 21, 1867, in the 
8 1st year of his age, and his wife followed him May 19, 
1 867, in her 73d year. They had issue (surname Campbell) : 

i. Mary Jane, b, 1817; m., 1836, Robert Paries, civil engineer; 
d. May 24, 1849. They had seven children. Robert H. 
Faries, civil engineer, Williamsport, is one of the number. 
ii. John Richard, b. September 5, i8i8; m. Elizabeth, daughter of 
the late Judge Anthony; d. in Washington, D. C, September 
23, 1892. 
in. James Hepburn, b, February 8, 1820. Graduated from Carlisle 
Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1841; m. Juliet, 
daughter of the late Chief Justice Ellis Lewis of the Supreme 
Court; settled in Potts ville, Pa., and represented that district 
in Congress from 1855 to 1857, and again from 1858 to 1861 ; 
in 1864 appointed Minister to Sweden by Mr. Lincoln; in 
1866 appointed Minister to Bogota by Mr. Johnson, but de- 
clined. Resides at Wayne, Delaware County, Pa, 

iv. Catherine C, b. ; m., first, John F, Carter; second, Lewis 

Jamison; widow; resides in Washington, D. C. 

V. Caroline L.,h. ; m. Rev. J, H. Black; widow; resides 

in Washington, D. C. 

vi. Washington Lee,\>. ; deceased. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. ; m. S. W, Gear; both deceased, 

viiu Sarah C, b. ; m., first, Capt. N. Ruggles; second. Judge 

Stanbury, St. Augustine, Florida; resides there; widow. 

ix. Frank H.,\i. ; deceased. 

X. Alfred, b, ; deceased. 

X. Mary Hepburn,^ (James,- Samuel,^) eighth child and 
second daughter of James and Mary Hopewell Hepburn, 
was born May 6, 1797, at Northumberland. She married 
James Merrill, of New Berlin, Union County, Pa., Novem- 
ber 13, 1 82 1, and died June 5, 1825, leaving two children — 
Charles and Mary Jane — surname Merrill, Charles, born 
November 17, 1824, died at Nashville, Tennessee, Novem- 
ber, 1865 ; Mary Jane, married Col. A. L. Hough, U. S. A., 
February 11, 1857. Mr. Merrill married, secondly, Sarah, 
widow of Samuel Hepburn, (son of Judge William Hep- 



lOO THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

burn, of WilHamsport.) who died in August, 1824. She 
was a daughter of John Cowden, and died September 17, 
1 83 1 , leaving one son, George. Mr. Merrill married, thirdly, 
Miss Sarah B. Lewis, and he died October 29, 1 841, at the 
early age of 52, leaving two sons, viz.: Gen. Lewis Merrill, 
U. S. A., and Gen. Jesse Merrill, a well known member of 
the bar, Lock Haven, Pa. The mother of these two sons, 
Mrs. Sarah B. (nee Lewis), died August 4, 1876, aged 82. 

James Merrill, Esq., born in Vermont May 8, 1790, grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College in 181 2; studied law under 
David Cassatt, Esq., of York, Pa. Settled at New Berlin. 
Pa., and in 1817 was postmaster of the village; 182 1-1824 
served as deputy attorney general of the county (Union), 
and was chosen senatorial delegate to the Constitutional 
Convention of 1837-38, in which he took a prominent and 
effective part. He attained distinction at the bar and com - 
manded the respect and admiration of such men as Thad- 
deus Stevens, Ingersoll, Woodward and Dunlop. 

XI. Hopewell Hepburn,^ (James,^ Samuel,^) born at 
Northumberland, Pa., October 28, 1799, was the seventh 
child and sixth son of James and Mary Hopewell Hepburn, 
of that place. In his youth he attended the academy 
taught by R. C. Grier, where their acquaintance began, 
which probably led to his appointment as Judge Grier's 
associate. He graduated from Princeton College ; read 
law with his brother, Samuel Hepburn, at Milton, Pa., and 
was admitted to the bar at Easton in 1822 or 1823. He 
soon after settled at Easton, Pa., where he engaged in 
the practice of his profession. There he married Miss 
Caroline, daughter of Lawrence Cauffman, of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Hepburn followed his profession at Easton until ap- 
pointed Associate Judge of the District Court at Pitts- 
burg, September 17, 1844, and removed to that city. When 
Judge Grier was advanced to the Supreme Court of the 




Judge HOPEWELL HEPBURN 

Born October 28th, 1799 Died February 14th, 1863 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. lOl 

United States, he was commissioned as President Judge, 
August 13, 1846, by Governor Shunk, and held that posi- 
tion until November 3, 185 i, when he resigned on account 
of politics. The first election of judges was in October, 
185 1, under the amended Constitution of 1850. He had 
been on the bench of the District Court for seven years, 
and had given entire satisfaction to the people and bar by 
his promptness in the dispatch of business, his fidelity to 
duty, his integrity, learning and legal ability. His qualifi- 
cations and fitness for the position were acknowledged by 
all, but he was a Democrat, and the office had become elec- 
tive. Party lines were drawn. The Democrats nominated 
Hepburn and the Whigs, Walter Forward ; and the Whigs, 
having a majority, elected their man. 

After Judge Hepburn retired from the bench he practiced 
law at Pittsburg for a few years, then withdrew from the 
practice, accepting the presidency of the Allegheny Bank, 
which he held for three years. His health having failed, he 
removed to Philadelphia and died there February 14, 1863. 
His wife died August 20, 1879. They had issue: 

i. Mary Elizabeth, m. L. Clarkson Wilmarth, of Pittsburg. 
it. Sarah Cauffman. 
Hi. Lawrence Cauffman, m. Sarah E., daughter of David VVagener, 

of Easton; d. in August, 1885. 
iv. James Francis, d. May i, 1 856. 
V. yulia, d. in infancy. 
vi. Elena Maria, 

With the death of the last of the above three surviving 
sisters the Hopewell Hepburn branch becomes extinct. 

Xn, Sarah Hepburn,^ (James,^ Samuel,^) ninth child 
and youngest daughter of James and Mary Hopewell Hep- 
burn, of Northumberland, born September 10, 1801 ; married 
James Armstrong, and died at Williamsport February 20, 
1829. 

Hon. James Armstrong, born at Milton February 15, 



t02 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

1794, settled at Williamsport when a young man, read law 
under the direction of Hon. Joseph B. Anthony and was 
admitted to the bar sometime towards the close of the first 
quarter of the nineteenth century. He gave close attention 
to his profession and soon built up a fine practice. April 6, 
1857, he was appointed by Gov. James Pollock to a posi- 
tion on the Supreme Bench of the State, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Judge Jeremiah S. Black, and 
served until December, 1857, when he retired and declined 
a renomination. Judge Armstrong never remarried, but re- 
mained a widower until his death (over thirty-five years), 
which occurred August 13, 1867, in the 74th year of his 
age. He is buried by the side of his young wife in the 
Williamsport Cemetery, and a neat monument marks their 
graves. They left issue (surname Armstrong) : 

i. William Htpburn, b. September 7, 1824; graduated at Princeton 
College in 1847; adopted the profession of the law; was 
elected to the State Legislature in i860 and 1861 ; elected a 
Representative from the XVIth Pennsylvania district to the 
Forty-first Congress, serving on the committees on Indian Af- 
fairs and the Civil Service; in 1S82 was appointed by President 
Arthur Commissioner of Railroads in the Department of the 
Interior. Is retired and lives in Philadelphia. 
ii. Mary I/., resides in Chicago. 
Hi. Sarah Pollock, m. H. L. Holden; resides in Chicago. 

Mary Hepburn, first daughter and eldest child of James 
and Maria Hiatt Hepburn, married Anson V. Parsons, 
April 3, 1829, and died September 7, 1856, in the 45th year 
of her age. 

Hon. Anson Virgil Parsons was born in Granville, Massa- 
chusetts, in 1798. After a thorough course in the schools 
of his native town, he entered the Law School at Litchfield, 
Connecticut, and was graduated therefrom with high honors. 
He then came to Pennsylvania and stopped for a short time 
at Lancaster for the purpose of familiarizing himself with 





1^^^^^ 


fT 


%iHI 


*■ 






^^^^^^^r 



^J/t^cuU^ 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. IO3 

Pennsylvania state practice in the office of Andrew Porter, 
Esq. Thence he made his way up the valley of the Sus- 
quehanna in search of a place in which to locate. Selecting 
Jersey Shore, then a promising little town in Lycoming 
County, he there opened an office in 1824 and became the 
first lawyer in the place. He remained there till sometime 
in 1834, when he removed to Williamsport, as the county 
seat offered better opportunities for the practice of his pro- 
fession. 

By close attention to his profession Mr. Parsons soon ac- 
quired a good practice and built up a fine reputation. One 
of his contemporaries said of him : " No one at the Williams- 
port bar could gain the attention of a jury more quickly 
and retain it longer than Mr. Parsons. He studied the 
evidence in his cases very thoroughly before they came to 
trial, therefore he was prepared to make strong and con- 
vincing arguments and secure the admission of his own 
evidence and the rejection of much that was offered by op- 
posing counsel." 

March 5, 1839, he was chosen State Senator to fill the 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Alexander Irvin the 
preceding month. The senatorial district at that time was 
composed of the counties of Centre, Clearfield, Lycoming, 
Potter and McKean. The local contest at that time was the 
formation of the new county of Clinton, which was advo- 
cated by the eccentric Jerry Church ; and notwithstanding 
Senator Parsons was elected through the influence of the 
party opposed to the erection of Clinton, Church won the 
fight. 

On the 22d of January, 1843, Governor Porter appointed 
Mr. Parsons Secretary of the Commonwealth, and he dis- 
charged the responsible duties of that office until the i6th 
of February, 1844, when he retired to accept the appoint- 
ment of President Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
Philadelphia, and removed to that city. At the end of his 



104 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

term he remained there and resumed the practice of his 
profession. During his residence in Philadelphia, Judge 
Parsons published, in two volumes, a valuable collection of 
decisions, entitled "Parsons' Equity Cases," which is re- 
garded as a standard work by the profession. 

In 1853 Judge Parsons had the misfortune to lose his 
wife by death. He continued his residence in Philadelphia 
until his death, which occurred in September, 1882, at the 
age of 83 years. Judge Parsons and Mary Hepburn, his 
wife, had issue (surname Parsons): 

i. Henry C, b. in Jersey Shore February lo, 1834. (See sketch 

following No. 31.) 
a. Emma, b. ; m, Howard Richmond, and lives in Provi- 
dence, R. I. 
Hi. Elizabeth C.,h. ; lives in San Rafael, California; un- 
married. 

iv. Francis Wadsworth, b. ; editor San Marin Tocsin, San 

Rafael, California; unmarried. 

DESCENDANTS OF JUDGE WILLIAM HEPBURN. 

XIII. Janet Hepburn,^ (William,^ Samuel,^) born Au- 
gust 22, 1778; married Matthew Wilson December 17, 
1793, and died July 6, 181 1, at the mansion house on the 
Deer Park farm. She was the eldest child of Judge Wil- 
liam Hepburn and his first wife, Crecy Covenhoven, and 
was born in the darkest and most troublous days in the 
West Branch Valley — when a savage lurked in every thicket 
and the settlers had to take refuge in the forts and stock- 
ades for protection. 

Matthew Wilson was born in the North of Ireland in 
1762. Nothing is known of his parentage. He came to 
America about 1773 or 1774, and settled in Northumber- 
land County. As he entered the army of the Revolution, 
enlisting in Capt. James Parr's company May 17, 1776, he 
could only have been about fourteen years old at that time. 
He served his time and returned home. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. IO5 

That he was interested in a land transaction in Washing- 
ton Township, now Lycoming County, as early as May 9, 
1789, is shown by Deed Book A, p. 115, wherein he "con- 
veys to James Bailey, of Lycoming Township, a warrant 
named William Grier, No. 607, in consideration of ^^"37 
los.'" 

He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew and 
Janet Boyd Culbertson,* about 1790. She had one child 
and died soon after its birth. This child, born May 4, 1791, 
was named Alexander Wilson, and became a prominent 
business man in Philadelphia. He died in that city October 
9, 1866, leaving a second wife, two daughters and one son. 
The son, Boyd Wilson, now lives in Louisville, Kentucky, 
and has a family consisting of his wife, two sons and two 
daughters. 

On December 17, 1793, Matthew Wilson married, sec- 
ond, Janet Hepburn. f Soon afterwards they settled eight 
miles west of Williamsport, in Level Corner. October 7, 
1796, Mr. Wilson entered into an article of agreement with 
Hugh McClane for the purchase of 188 acres and 122 
perches, in consideration of the payment of ^661 lOs. 
This farm was situated in Lycoming Township, Lycoming 
County, and adjoined the farm of the celebrated Bratton 
Caldwell (who lived on Pine Run), and extended to the 
river. The article of agreement, which is on record at 
Williamsport, stipulates that he was to give a mortgage in 
double the amount (;^i,323) as security for the price (i^66i 
lOs.) agreed on, and the last payment was to fall due Sep- 



*Andiew Culbertson, b. 1731; m. Janet Boyd, and settled on what is now 
the site of the borough of DuBoistown, near Williamsport, before the Revo- 
lution. He was an active, enterprising man, built a mill, and made other 
improvements. He died in 1797, and his wife followed him in 1802. 

f This very full and interesting history of the descendants of Janet Hep- 
burn Wilson was prepared by Miss Mary M., daughter of Samuel Wilson, of 
335 Hudson Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 



I06 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

tember I, i8oi. It nowhere appears that he ever complied 
with the terms of the agreement. 

In 1796 he was assessed in Lycoming Township for " 76 
acres cleared land, two horses and five cows." In 1797 he 
was assessed for " 140 acres cleared land, one house, one 
barn, four horses, five cows and one still house." The total 
amount of his assessment was £2 i6s. iid. His name 
appears on the assessment books until 1809. While living 
at Level Corner he appears to have kept a store in connec- 
tion with his farming operations. 

He also appears on the assessment books of Loyalsock 
Township, which then embraced Williamsport, as the owner 
of 200 acres of land, five of which was cleared, in 1796. It 
was valued at ^50, and in addition he was assessed with 
"one cabin, value ^5." This was a tract of land in which 
his wife was interested and which was afterwards saved by 
her father. 

On the 25th of August, 1797, Michael Ross, the founder 
of Williamsport, sold Matthew Wilson " lot No. 186, on the 
corner of the Diamond, north side, in consideration of ;i^45." 
This lot is in the north-east corner of the square, and adjoins 
Kline's hardware store. After 1800 his name does not ap- 
pear on the assessment book. 

Sometime in the fall of 18 10, or beginning of 181 1, Mr. 
Wilson went to Pittsburg on business, and was soon after- 
wards stricken with a fever, from which he died March 10, 
181 1, and was buried in that city. His wife survived him 
but a few months, as she died at her father's house July 6, 
181 1, leaving an infant son, Robert, who was born in Wil- 
liamsport October 16, 18 10, in the house where his mother 
died. 

The five surviving orphan children were all born on the 
farm at Level Corner, but the youngest, and all were cared 
for by their grandfather, who afterwards bequeathed to each 
one the sum of ^200 and an equal share in 200 acres of 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. IO7 

land, which was sold after his death and the proceeds divided 
among them. Matthew Wilson and wife, Janet Hepburn, 
had issue (surname Wilson) : 

i. Williavi, b. September 19, 1794; d. July 5, 1849. 
a. James, b. June 8, 1796; d. December 30, 1807. 
in. Molly, b. May II, 1799; d. August 27, 1852. 
iv. Samuel, b. August 29, i8or; d. January 12, 1893. 
V. John, b. June 13, 1803 ; d. December 24, 1807. 
vi, Ci-ecy, b. December 30, 1805; d. December 26, 1807. 
vii. Matilda, b. September 22, 1807; still living. 
viii. James, b. August 14, 1809; d. November 26, 1809. 
ix. Robert, b. October 16, 1810; d. September 26, 1870. 

HISTORY OF THE WILSON FAMILY. 

William Wilson,* the eldest son, was raised in Williams- 
port by his grandfather. He learned the trade of a saddle 
and harness maker and established himself in business in 
Williamsport, which he carried on for several years. He 
married Sarah Tallman, of Williamsport, April 26, 1821. 
She was born April 4, 1801, and died February 24, 1822, 
leaving an infant son, James Wesley Wilson, born February 
4, 1822. He grew to manhood and became a minister of 
the M. E. Church, and was a member of the East Genesee 
Conference (afterwards the Genesee Conference) of New 
York State, in which relation he continued till his death, 
which occurred a few years ago at Syracuse, New York. 
He left a widow — formerly Phoebe Phillips — and one son, 
James William Wilson, now a prominent lawyer in Syracuse. 
He is married and has two children. 

William Wilson married, second, Catherine Kohn, To 
them were born five children : 

I. Augustus, who is now living with his wife — formerly 
Emeline Foreman — and only son, Alexander Boyd 
Wilson, at Turnerville, Gloucester County, N. J. 



*In those days there were tv/o William Wilsons living in Williamsport — 
one was a member of Congress, and the other a saddle and harness maker. 
To designate them the people called one "Saddler Billy" — the other " Con- 
gress Billy." 



I08 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

2. Sarah Matilda, now Mrs. Lyman M. ChampHn, of 

Parma, Jackson County, Michigan, and who has one 
daughter. 

3. Joseph Kohn, who became a physician and Hved for 

many years at AUigan, Michigan, but afterwards re- 
moved to Kansas, where he d. several years ago. He 
left a widow (since dead) and several children. 

4. Janet M., who d. January 12, 1848. 

5. Marmaduke Pearce. He became an artist. In 1868 

he m. Maggie Rose, of Buffalo. They had one child, 
but the mother d. soon after its birth, and Marma- 
duke survived his wife but three days. Lastly their 
child d. at the age of four months. 

Catherine Kohn, second wife of William Wilson, died in 
Baltimore County, Maryland, February 25, 1843. 

Several years after her death William Wilson married, as 
his third wife, Sarah Peck, of Nunda, N. Y., where he Hved 
at the time. She had one son and one daughter. The lat- 
ter died in infancy, but the son, William Seth Wilson, died 
only a few years ago, leaving a family. His mother has 
since died. William Wilson, the progenitor, died July 5, 
1849, at Nunda, N. Y., in the 55th year of his age, where 
he was buried. 

Molly, the third child, was raised in Williamsport by her 
grandparents. She married Manning Stevenson, of Lycom- 
ing County. They had three children, surname Stevenson, 
viz. : James, Janet and William. Mrs. Stevenson died Au- 
gust 27, 1852, and her husband and daughter soon after fol- 
lowed her. James Stevenson was living in North Carolina, 
and William, his brother, was living in California, at last 
accounts. 

A TRADESMAN AND INVENTOR. 

Samuel, born August 29, 1 801, on his father's farm at 
Level Corner, Lycoming County, Pa., lived part of the time 
after his parents' death (in 181 1) with his grandfather, and 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. IO9 

part of the time with his granduncle, Robert Covenhoven, 
till 1820. On the 5th of May of that year, wishing to learn 
a trade, he chose his uncle, Robert McClure, as his guar- 
dian, who bound him to a blacksmith. He served his full 
time, three years, but did not follow that trade very long, 
as he soon went to work for his eldest brother, William, who 
was then a saddle and harness maker at Williamsport. He 
worked for his brother till he learned that trade also. After 
that his brother frequently sent him up into Western and 
Central New York with loads of harness to sell for him. It 
was in this way that he first came to Dansville, Livingston 
County, N. Y., where he had friends, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Shannon, who were originally from Williamsport. In May, 
1826, Samuel went to Dansville and opened a saddle and har- 
ness shop, commencing business for himself He boarded 
with his old friends, the Shannons. After he had been there 
about a year a young lady, Miss T. Cordelia Enos, came to 
Dansville to visit her aunt, Mrs. Jonathan Rowley. Mrs. 
Shannon becoming acquainted with her, and being greatly 
pleased with her, said to him one day: "There, Sam- 
uel, is a wife for you ! " Whether this made any im- 
pression on his mind or not, he too sought the acquaint- 
ance of Miss Enos, and that acquaintance ripened into 
an engagement. The young lady spent a happy year 
•in Dansville and returned to her home. So it happened 
that one day in January, 1829, the young lover left Dans- 
ville with a horse and sleigh and drove to Eaton, Madison 
County, N. Y. There, on January 22, 1829, (in the same 
house in which the bride was born, August 17, 1808,) Sam- 
uel Wilson was married to Thankful Cordelia Enos, eldest 
daughter of Joseph and Hannah Patterson Enos. The fol- 
lowing day the happy pair started back to Dansville. The 
journey, under other circumstances, would have proved 
tedious, as a " January thaw " caught them on the way,"and 
they drove into town on bare ground. They commenced 



ilO THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

housekeeping at once, and the " home " that was then estab- 
lished has remained unbroken, under whatever roof, in what- 
ever place it has been kept, through all these years till the 
present time. Their union proved to be a happy one. Nine 
children were born to them, four sons and five daughters. 

During the early years of Mr. Wilson's residence in Dans- 
ville, his youngest brother, Robert, came and learned the 
trade with him. Afterwards his elder brother, William, 
(who was at that time a widower,) came to live with him, 
and entered into partnership in his business. 

With the exception of three or four years spent on his 
farm in South Dansville, Steuben County, (five miles from 
the village of Dansville,) Samuel continued in the harness 
business in Dansville, till the " gold fever " broke out, when 
he too was seized by it. On June 20, 1849, in company 
with a number of friends, he sailed from New York on the 
sailing vessel Probus, bound for San Francisco via Cape 
Horn. After a long and tedious voyage, during which 
they landed but once — and that was at Valparaiso, Chili, 
October 4th — they at last arrived at San Francisco, De- 
cember 14, 1849. There Mr. Wilson remained till some- 
time in February, 1851, when he sailed for home via Pan- 
ama, arriving at New York in March, a month from the 
time of sailing. 

After a year's stay at home he again started for California;* 
this time by the Isthmus. After reaching his destination he 
went up to the mines of Mariposa, where his eldest son, 
James, was living. [The latter had crossed the plains and 
had arrived in San Francisco the day after his father had 
sailed for home in February, 185 1.] He found his son's 
cabin, but James was away at the time. Taking possession 
of the place, he waited for his son's return. At last he saw 
a heavily-bearded man approaching, who proved to be the 
son who had left home when a boy of about eighteen years. 
A happy meeting it was between father and son, who had 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. Ill 

been separated for four years, and after each had gone 
through so many hardships and faced so many dangers by 
sea and land. They both remained in Cahfornia till the 23d 
of April, 1853, when they sailed for home via Panama, on 
the mail steamer, Isthmus. 

With the exception of a few months spent in Rockford, 
Illinois, Mr. Wilson lived in Dansville from the last of May, 
1853, till May, 1856, when he went to Buffalo, N. Y., to fill 
the position of retailer and overseer in one of the large 
flouring mills situated on the pier at Black Rock. In 
this business he remained till the spring of 1881, when he 
retired from business. From that time he led a quiet, home 
life. 

Like his brother Robert, Samuel had an inventive brain. 
While he was in the harness business he invented a saddler's 
and harness maker's creasing machine, which he had pat- 
ented, and for which he was awarded a large silver medal at 
the American Institute in New York, 1845, and the follow- 
ing year a diploma from the same Institute. These machines 
for creasing leather he introduced all over the country, 
and they were the first machines to do the work that had 
before been done so laboriously by hand. Then he invented 
other tools for splitting and shaving leather, &c., to be used 
in his trade. 

When he went into the milling business he soon saw the 
waste of time and money in the employment of a man to 
watch the packer and mark down every barrel of flour as it 
was packed. Mistakes were frequently made by such tally- 
men ; so his active brain went to work to remedy the defect. 
The result of this was a " tally machine," or " register" (as 
he called it). This machine was attached to a post near the 
packer, so that when the stem of the packer passed down it 
pressed a cam, which moved a set of wheels on which were 
dials that registered, in all, 9,999, the next move changing 
all the figures to ciphers, announced that 10,000 barrels had 



112 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

been packed, and the next tally would commence at i. As 
at the close of each day's work the attendant copied the 
state of the register on a bulletin board, each day's count 
was easily ascertained. It was found that the machine was 
a great improvement on the old way, and it was introduced 
all over the United States. He applied the same principle 
to a register to be used in weighing wheat, by attaching it 
to the hopper. For many years they were the only ma- 
chines used in the mills for the purpose of registering. 

Although Mr. Wilson was so far advanced in years when 
he retired from business, he was always a very active 
man after that ; constantly looking about to find something 
with which to busy himself, and to help others around him, 
except when illness enforced rest, as he was always happiest 
when busy and aiding others. He was a man of medium 
height and size ; thus he was not enfeebled by over-weight. 
His ever active brain and energy prompted him to exertions 
that many a younger man would shrink from. Though his 
hair, which had been of a light brown color, was thin and 
white for many years, his complexion was as clear as that 
of a child. This, with the heightened color of his cheeks 
and the brightness of his large, dark brown eyes, seemed to 
deny his years and make old age beautiful. He possessed 
a nature of extreme firmness, mingled with the greatest 
gentleness. Devoid of selfishness, he always preferred the 
happiness and comfort of others to his own. To say that 
he was respected by those with whom, he came in contact, 
and loved by all who knew him, is no exaggeration. He 
was especially fond of children and was, in return, loved by 
them. He never lost his interest in young people and their 
affairs. He was happy in their society, often entertaining 
them, and being entertained by them, as usually only those 
of near age can do ; thus bridging the many years that lay 
between them with a warm sympathy that made him many 
friends among the young of both sexes. To his friends he 



THE HEPBURN FAMHA'. II3 

never seemed old, as his manner of speaking and actions 
were those of a young person. Ever quick at repartee, and 
keenly appreciative of a joke, he was especially companion- 
able to young men, among whom he had many friends. 

His memory was good; unlike most aged people who re- 
call the occurrences of the distant past, forgetting those of 
later years, he seemed to remember almost everything from 
early youth till the last days of his long and eventful life. 
He was a great reader, and being familiar with all the cur- 
rent events of the day, he would discuss public matters with 
any one, with the clearness of perception and soundness of 
judgment of most men of fifty. He read a paper for the 
last time on January i, 1893, but after that, up to the eve of 
his death, he did not lose interest in public matters, but 
wished others to tell him the news, as he was unable to read. 
In his political views he was a staunch Republican, and had 
always been one since the formation of that party. Before 
that, from the time he cast his first vote, he was an old-line 
Whig. 

Although he believed in the truths of the Gospel of Christ, 
he was always reticent about his own experience, his inner 
life ; but his whole outward life was an exemplification of 
those teachings, and especially of the Golden Rule. He re- 
tained his faculties till the last moment of life, when, in the 
early morning of January 12, 1893, his freed spirit left the 
poor, worn-out body that had been its habitation for 91 
years, 4 months and 13 days, and entered into rest. Like a 
ripe sheaf of corn in the fullness thereof he was gathered to 
his fathers. His wife died May 2, 1866, at Buffalo, N. Y., 
in the 58th year of her age, having preceded him over 26 
3^ears. They had issue (surname Wilson) : 

I. James Hepburn, who is now living in San Francisco. 
He m. Elizabeth Trickey, New York City, December 
22, 1858. She d. in San Francisco February 28, 
1886, leaving three daughters, as follows : Kate C, b. 



1 14 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

in Tonawanda, N. Y. ; m. Thomas P. Deering, at San 
Francisco, January 24, 1884. Mr. Deering is first 
officer on the steamship Alameda, running between 
San Francisco and AustraHa. Josephine E., b. at 
Tonawanda ; m. James Niven, at San Francisco, No- 
vember 24, 1880, and was left a widow March 26, 
1886, with one son and one daughter. Elizabeth 
Mary, d. in San Francisco December 21, 1880. 

2. Charles Enos, d. at sea July 15, 1852. He had started 

on a voyage around Cape Horn to California for his 
health. He sailed from New York July 10, 1852, 
full of hope that he would be benefited by the voyage 
and join his father and brother James, who were then 
in California. The sea air was too strong for his 
lungs and he died the fifth day out and was buried 
in the sea. 

3. Hannah Janet, d. at Buffalo, New York, August 10, 

1885. 

4. George Samuel, m. Margaret A. Connaughty, of Water- 

ford, Saratoga County, N. Y., December 15, 1859. 
They had one son, Hamilton George Wilson, b. at 
Buffalo July 25, 1868. He is living in Buffalo, and 
for five years past has been employed in the Erie 
County Savings Bank. His father d. October 31, 
1888, at Naples, N. Y., and his mother resides there. 

5. Cordelia Maria, now living in Buffalo. 

6. Mary Matilda, now living in Buffalo. 

7. Sarah Enos, d. in infancy. 

8. Joseph B., d. in infancy. 

9. Josephine E., d. in infancy. 

THE ONLY SURVIVOR. 

Matilda, the seventh child, born September 22, 1807, at 
Level Corner; married, first, the Rev. Peter McEnally, a 
member of the Baltimore 'M. E. Conference, then residing 
at Muncy. Mr. McEnally died at Williamsport many years 
ago while attending a session of the Conference in that place. 
They had issue (surname McEnally) : 

L Elizabeth, m. Mr. Patton ; now a widow with several 
children ; lives at Chicago. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. IIS 

2. Mary, deceased. 

3. Annie, deceased. 

4. Wilson, deceased. 

5. Sarah, m. Dr. Joseph Litz ; now a widow, and lives at 

DuBois, Pa. 

6. James, deceased. 

7. Manning. 

Mrs. McEnally married, second, Josiah Tate, of Clear- 
field County. He died about one year after their marriage, 
leaving her a widow for the second time. Since that time 
she has lived with Mrs. Litz, of DuBois. She is the last 
survivor of the family of Matthew and Janet Hepburn Wil- 
son, and at the present writing (July, 1894,) is in the 87th 
year of her age. 

THE FLY NET INVEN'J'OR. 

Robert, born October 16, 18 10, in Williamsport, was only 
eight months and twenty days old when his mother died, 
and he was raised by his grandfather. When of sufficient 
age he went to his brother Samuel, at Dansville, New York, 
and learned the trade of a saddle and harness maker. In 
1844 he returned to Williamsport and worked at his trade 
for a few years. In 1850 he located in Milton, Pa., where 
he continued his trade. Being of an inventive turn of mind, 
like his brother Samuel, in 1856 he devised what is known 
as the "Wilson fly net" for horses, and had it patented in 
1858, and with the machinery invented by him, he engaged 
largely and profitably in the manufacture of that article. As 
early as May 27, 1834, Mr. Wilson married Lucetta, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Henry Heinen, of Milton. She was born Au- 
gust 6, 1 8 14, and died September 2, 1853. ^^ 1863, at the 
age of fifty-five years, Robert Wilson volunteered and 
served three months in the defense of his country during 
the Rebellion. After remaining a widower about ten years 
he married Mrs. Rebecca Overpeck, at Milton; and died 
September 20, 1 870. His widow survived him several years 



Il6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

and died in Indiana. By his first wife Robert Wilson had 
seven children, of whom two sons and two daughters died 
in infancy. The three that attained manhood were : 

1. William E., b. ; d. at Milton July 15, 1882. 

leaving a widow and several children. 

2. Henry Hepburn, b. ; killed in the battle before 

Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864. 

3. Reuben Frederick, b. ; d. March 20, 1892, at 

Denver, Colorado, whither he had gone to seek relief 
for pulmonary trouble. He married Marian Reid, 
at Milton, December 20, 1876, who survives with 
two sons, Robert Marshall and William Walter 
Wilson. 

XIV. Mary Hepburn,^ (William,- Samuel,^) born on the 
Deer Park farm in 1780, and died December 17, 1839, in 
Williamsport, was the second child and daughter of Judge 
William Hepburn and Crecy Covenhoven, his first wife. 
She married Robert McClure, who was born in Cumberland 
County February 6, 1772. He graduated from Dickinson 
College. Roger B. Taney, afterwards Chief Justice of the 
United States Supreme Court, and Hon. Charles Huston, 
were among his classmates. He studied law at Carlisle, and 
after his admission to the bar came to Williamsport about 
1795, and locate'd. He and his classmate, Charles Huston, 
were the two first lawyers to settle in the town which had 
just been laid out by Michael Ross. 

Mr. McClure is described as a " tall, stout man, with a 
broad ruddy face and a countenance indicative of firmness 
and deep thought." He built up a fine law practice, and 
throughout life was noted for his integrity of character and 
reliability in business matters. He was sent to the lower 
house of the Legislature in 1822, and re-elected in 1824. 
In 1827 he was elected a State Senator, but died December 
13, 1829. His will, which was dated December 4, 1829, only 
nine days before his death, mentions his sons, William, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. II7 

Robert and Hepburn, and appoints them and his wife exe- 
cutors of his estate. In a codicil he bequeathed his law 
library to his son, Hepburn McClure ; also the journals of 
Congress and the Legislature, together with the Nicholson 
State Papers. His two farms were willed to his wife. One 
was located near Linden, and the other east of Williamsport. 

Hepburn McClure, their second son, born November 24, 
1809, and died in the spring of 1890, was the oldest living 
member of the Williamsport bar at the time of his death, 
having been admitted in 1830. He served as postmaster of 
Williamsport from May, 1839, to July, 1841, and as pro- 
thonotary of Lycoming County from 1842 to 1845. He 
was also clerk of the United States Court for the Western 
District of Pennsylvania for many years. 

Edward C. McClure, theyoungest son, born December 25, 
1825, settled in Lock Haven in 1867 and became a member 
of the banking house of Moore, Simpson & Company. He 
married Louisa Harriet, daughter of Samuel Hepburn, of 
Lock Haven, and died in that city January 17, 1890. His 
widow survives. 

There were two daughters, Mary and Louisa. The 
former married Samuel Lloyd, and the latter Elias Lowe. 

XV. Sarah Hepburn,'' (William,- Samuel,^) born 1788, 
sixth child of Judge William Hepburn by his first marriage. 
But little is known of her history. She married Alexander 
Cummings, a young officer in the United States Army and 
spent most of her married life with her husband at different 
posts on the frontiers. The date of her death is unknown, 
but it is supposed to have occurred sometime in the latter 
part of the thirties. She was living in 1833, at Tampa Bay, 
Florida, for in that year she affixed her name to a deed for 
the conveyance of a piece of land in Williamsport. It is 
probable that she died and was buried in Florida. She had 
a son and a dauohter. 



Il8 THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 

Alexander Cummings came of an old Irish family. 
His parents were among the early prominent settlers 
in Lycoming County. He had several brothers, among 
whom was John Cummings, who became the second 
sheriff of Lycoming County, and was re-elected several 
times. Another brother, James, was the father of A. Boyd 
Cummings, who bequeathed the fine body of land worth 
^75,000, and now known as " Brandon Park," to the city of 
Williamsport. 

Alexander Cummings, who was an uncle of A. Boyd 
Cummings, was born in County Tyrone, Ireland, probably 
about 1776 or 1778, and was quite a young man when he 
came to Lycoming County. May 3, 1808, he was appointed 
2d Lieutenant of the regiment of light dragoons; promoted 
1st Lieutenant, September 30, 1809; Captain, November i, 
181 1 ; was transferred to the 4th Infantry, upon the reor- 
ganization of the army. May 17, 181 5; promoted Major, 3d 
Infantry, April 20, 1819; Lieutenant Colonel 2d Infantry, 
August 20, 1828, and Colonel 4th Infantry, December i, 
1839. He died January 21, 1842, in New York City, aged, 
probably, about sixty or sixty-two years. His wife, accord- 
ing to family tradition, died first. 

Colonel Cunmiings saw much frontier service, besides 
participating in the war of 1812-14, when he bore the rank 
of Captain. While stationed at Tampa Bay he had occasion 
to execute a power of attorney (see Will Book A, p. 161,) 
to Hepburn McClure to satisfy a mortgage against Robert 
McClure, his brother-in-law, for $400. The instrument 
bears this curious indorsement: 

Acknowledged before me at my wigwam in the cove of 
the Ouithlacooche, this 24th day of April, 1839. 

Faus-wa-ya-ha-loochie, 

Chief of the Talahassus. 



THP: HEPBURN FAMILY. I I9 

XVI. Dr. James Hepburn,^ (William,- Samuel/) born 
April 14, 1799, son of William and Crecy Covenhoven Hep- 
burn ; died January 21,1 878. He was the tenth and youngest 
child by his father's first marriage, and lacked six days of 
being one year old when his mother died. His father mar- 
ried soon again and he was raised by a step-mother. His 
birthplace was the old log house which stood on the Deer 
Park farm near where the present brick house, now rapidly 
falling into ruin, stands. 

He received such education as the times afforded, and at 
the age of nineteen engaged in the study of medicine under 
the direction of Dr. William R. Power, his brother-in-law, 
and graduated from the Pennsylvania University in 1823. 
In 1824 he began the practice of medicine in Williamsport, 
and followed it until 1837. 

On the 1st of June, 1831, as the sole surviving executor 
of his father's will, he sold to his brother Charles, (Deed 
Book 20, p. 7,) in consideration of ^4,438.75, 1 10 acres and 
155 perches off the Deer Park estate (including the mansion 
house, foot of Park Street), and the two islands * in the river, 
called "Hepburn's Islands," containing 10 acres and 140 
perches. 

Sometime in 1832 he conceived the idea of establishing 
an iron foundry in Williamsport. Having received the 
promise of assistance to establish the enterprise, he visited 
Geneva that winter and made a proposition to John B. Hall, 
a practical iron worker, to come to Williamsport and take 
charge of the foundry, in connection with Tunison Coryell 



*These islands were applied for lay Frederick Hineman, Jr., and by him 
conveyed to Alexander Scott, who sold them to William Hepburn. By refer- 
ence to Deed Book No. 23, p. 123, it will be seen that on December i, 1836, 
Charles Hepburn sold 1 14 acres and 36 perches of the Deer Park farm to 
Matthew C. Ralston, of Philadelphia, for ^14,509, an advance of $10,070.25 
over what he paid for it five years before. 



I20 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

and himself. Gaining his consent, the Doctor returned to 
Winiamsport and selected a lot for the foundry, whereon a 
frame building 40 x 60 feet was erected. It stood within a 
few yards of the south side of the magnificent City Hall 
building, which was dedicated July 4, 1894. In the mean- 
time Mr. Hall had his engine, boilers and cupola tran.sported 
from Geneva to Williamsport by wagons, and by the begin- 
ning of September, 1832, he was ready and made the first 
castings. This was the first foundry in Lycoming, Tioga, 
Centre or Bradford counties. Hall brought the first pat- 
terns to the town for coal stoves, and made and sold all 
stoves used in town, and for fifty miles around, for many 
years. The novelty of the enterprise attracted much atten- 
tion, and crowds of people visited the foundry on casting 
days. The moss-backs shook their heads ominously — for 
there were moss-backs in those days as well as now — and 
did all they could to discourage the young men who had 
invested their means in the enterprise. The firm met with 
many discouragements. Dr. Hepburn lost his means in an 
iron furnace in Centre County, and had to dispose of his 
interest in the foundry to John H. Cowden, his father-in-law, 
who became a partner. Hall, Coryell and Cowden strug- 
gled along and finally succeeded. In 1842 Hall purchased 
the interest of his two partners and assumed control, and in 
course of time built up a large business. And to-day he is 
the sole survivor of the pioneer iron founders in Williams- 
port. 

After his retirement from the iron business Dr. Hepburn 
turned his attention to contracting for the erection of public 
works. Among them was the reconstruction of the Croton 
Dam for the water supply of New York, which had given 
way with heavy damage. It was a gigantic undertaking for 
the time, the granite having to be transported from Massa- 
chusetts, and six hundred laborers were employed at one 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I^I 

time on the work. When finished it was regarded as a 
masterpiece of beauty and strength. In the vicinity an 
imposing monument of ItaHan marble was erected, bearing 
the names of the water commissioners, engineers and con- 
tractors, and among them appeared the name of Dr. James 
Hepburn. 

When the Cah'fornia gold fever broke out Dr. Hepburn 
turned his face toward the new Eldorado in the early 
fifties. He resided in California about twenty-six years, 
spending a portion of the time among the mines, and a por- 
tion in the practice of his profession. In 1875 he returned 
to Williamsport an old man, but so many changes had taken 
place during his absence that he scarcely recognized the 
home of his early manhood, and he felt that he was a veri- 
table Rip Van Winkle. He fell ill at the home of his half- 
brother, Huston, and died in his 79th year. 

Dr. James Hepburn married, first, Rebecca Cov/den, in 
1822, and they had issue : 

i. Clara,h. , 1824; d. , 1894. 

ii. William Henry, b. ; d. . 

Hi. Sarah, d. young. 

iv. yohn, b. ; d. . 

V. Annie C, b. , 1834; m. Frederick Lovejoy ;* he d. Novem- 
ber 3, 1894, at the Gilsey House, New York, from the effects of 
paralysis. 

vi. Mary H.,h. , 1837; m. Franklin Reading, Williamsport, 

May 14, 1861. Mr. Reading d. May 31, 1891, leaving a widow, 
two sons and one daughter. Mrs. Reading now lives in 
Washington, D. C. 
vii. yames,h. ,1839; d. . 



* Frederick Lovejoy was born in Owego, N. Y , in 1836, and had been 
connected with the express business ever since 1854, when he went to Elmira, 
N. Y., in the employ of the International Express Company. With that 
company he first went to Philadelphia in 1857, and when the International 
Company sold out to Howard & Co.'s Express Mr. Lovejoy was made cashier 
and general superintendent of the latter concern. Then the Howard & Co.'s 
Express was absorbed by the Adams Express Company and Mr. Lovejoy re- 
mained in the service and rose step by step until in 1877 he became assistant gen- 



122 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Mrs. Rebecca Cowden Hepburn (b. 1797 or 1798) died 
in May, 1839, and Dr. Hepburn married, second, Miss Julia 
M. Baldwin, of Elmira, N. Y., April 15, 1845. She was 
born at Elmira March 6, 1819, and died at Mokelumne Hill, 
California, January 5, 1871, They had issue : 

/. Julia Baldwin, b. at Elmira Deceml^er 2, 1846 ; d. near West 

Point, N. y., August 2, 1848. 
//. Sfella C.,h. at Elmira July 21, 1852; d. at Mokelumne Hill, 

California, October 14, 1872. 
Hi. Susan H., b. at Mokelumne Hill, August 13, 1857; m. John M. 
Diven, at Elmira, N. Y., November 6, 1878. They have issue 
(surname Diven): i. Julia, b. at Elmira December 19, 1879; d. 
July 11,1881. 2. Alice, b. at Watkins, N. Y., May 2, 1882. 

3. May, b. at Elmira August 23, 1885 ; d. June 7, 1887. 

4. John M., Jr., b. at Elmira May 11, 1890. 

XVH. Crecy Hefburn,^ (William,^ Samuel,^) born on 
the Deer Park farm October i, 1801 ; married to Thomas 
Plunket Simmons December 6, 1824, by Rev. McGee, of the 
Baltimore Conference, and died August 8, 1884, in Williams- 
port. 

Mr. Simmons, who came of an old family, was born in 
Buffalo Valley April 24, 1798. His mother, Margaret 
Plunket, was a daughter of Robert, a brother of the cele- 
brated Dr. William Plunket, of Sunbury. Robert and his 

eral superintendent of the company. Subsequently he was made superin- 
tendent of the Pennsylvania division, with headquarters in Philadelphia, a posi- 
tion which he resigned to accept the presidency of the Denver and Rio 
Grande Railroad in 1884. He only retained this office for a period of nine 
months, and in 1885 retired from active business and lived quietly in New 
York for six years. On the reorganization of the Adams Express Company 
in October, 1 891, after the deposition of the late John Hoey from the presi- 
dency, Mr. Lovejoy was elected vice-president and general manager, Henry 
Sanford accepting the presidency on the condition that he was not to be bur- 
dened with the details of the business. Mr. Lovejoy had an extensive and 
intimate knowledge of the express business, and was universally popular with 
the employes of the company. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 1 23 

family came from Ireland sometime during the Revolution- 
ary war, or before it commenced, and he selected a tract of 
300 acres just west of Pine Creek, when it was yet " Indian 
land," and made an improvement as early as 1778 or 1779. 

It is probable that the family of Robert Plunket lived in 
Buffalo Valley in early times, Samuel Maclay, a prominent 
man in those days, lived a short distance west of what is 
now the borough of Lewisburg. His wife, Elizabeth, was 
a daughter of Dr. William Plunket, of Sunbury, and there- 
fore a niece of Robert Plunket. His daughter, Margaret, 
born in Ireland in 1760, married Samuel Simmons while 
they were living near Maclay 's, and there their second son, 
Thomas P., was born, as stated above. 

Robert Plunket, it appears, died intestate sometime in 
1779, for on the ist of November of that year letters of 
administration were issued to his brother. Dr. William 
Plunket. A warrant of survey was also granted to Dr. 
Plunket for the land on which his brother had made an im- 
provement before 1780, on the 24th of October, 1784, and 
he secured the land and held it in trust for the widow and 
her children. On the 25th of March, 1793, they conveyed 
their interest in the land to Thomas Grant and Isaac Rich- 
ardson. The latter, who lived in York County, was married 
to Margaret, daughter of Dr. William Plunket. 

Samuel Simmons and his wife Margaret, being heirs to 
one-fifth of the estate, he purchased the farm (Deed Book 
6, p. 112,) of Grant and Richardson, July 25, 1801, in con- 
sideration of i^430 5s., and that was the beginning of the 
well-known Simmons farm on Pine Creek. In the deed one 
acre was reserved for the Presbyterian Church, which had 
been built a few years before and stood near the bank of the 
creek on the north side of the public road. 

Samuel Simmons and wife settled on the farm, and there 
they raised their family. He was born in Ireland in 1765, 



124 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

and died September 3, 1818, in his 53d year, but his wife* 
survived him until March 10, 1835, dying in her 75th year. 
The farm is still owned by their descendants. 

Samuel Simmons, their eldest son, remained on the farm 
and died there September 4, 1856. His wife, Ann Smith, 
had preceded him August 8, 1843, in her 48th year. 

Thomas P. Simmons, the second son, early became a mer- 
chant, and in partnership with Henry Sproul, kept a store in 
Newberry for many years. Afterwards he removed to Jersey 
Shore, where he continued the mercantile business alone for 
some time. During the war he was residing in Williamsport 
and served as internal revenue assessor under George Bubb, 
who was the government collector at that time. He died No- 
vember 9, 1 871. Mr. Simmons and wife had issue (surname 
Simmons) : 

i. Elisabeth Huston, b. January 18, 1827; m. M. J. Wil- 
son, of Centre County, December 18, 1850, and d. 
November 17, 185 i, leaving one son, T. P. S. Wilson, 
b. November 5, 185 i. Mr. Wilson has charge of the 
City Mission, Williamsport, and has served as a mis- 
sionary among the poor and lowly for many years. 
ii. Margaret Phuiket, d. in infancy. 

in. Charlotte Hepburn, b. June 9, 1836; m. George Slate 
February 19, 1861 ; has one daughter, Crecy, b. 
P'ebruary 22, 1862. She m. H. L. Simmons (no 
relation) October 15, 1885, and has issue: i. George 
Slate Simmons, b. September i, 1887. 2. Charlotte 

*She evidently was a woman of good executive ability. In her will (Book 
I, p. 257,) she devised half of the farm, under certain conditions, to her sons 
Samuel and Thomas P. Her other children were also provided for. They 
were as follows : Anna C, intermarried with Samuel Torbert ; Robert P. Sim- 
mons ; Susan, intermarried with Isaac Torbert, and Elizabeth, intermarried 
with William St. Clair. The personal property was divided among the three 
daughters, excepting the clock, which she directed to be sold and the money 
used in "buying and lettering" a set of silver teaspoons for each of her 
granddaughters, viz. : Elizabeth K. Torbert, Margaret S. Torbert, Susan S. St. 
Clair, Margaret S. St. Clair, Elizabeth H, Simmons and Margaret P. Simmons. 
The will was made February 28, 1834, and probated March 16, 1835. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I 25 

Hepburn Simmons, b. February 10, 1 889. They reside 
in Brooklyn, N. Y., where Mr. Simmons is secretary 
of the Y. M. C. A. George Slate, the grandfather 
of these children, d. December 11, 1889. Mrs. Slate 
also has one son, William Hepburn, b. March 13, 
1866. On the 14th of June, 1894, he m. Nellie 
Cameron, daughter of the late Hon. John B. Packer, 
of Sunbury. They reside in Bloomsburg, Pa., where 
Mr. Slate is engaged in the book and stationery 
business. 

Among the relics preserved of her grandfather. Judge Wil- 
liam Hepburn, Mrs. Charlotte Slate has his_^eight-day clock, 
made by John Murphy, nearly one hundred years ago. It 
is yet in running condition and keeps good time. It is a 
veritable " grandfather's clock." 

XVIII. Charles Hepburn,^ (William,^ Samuel,^) born 
1802, in Williamsport, was the first son by the second mar- 
riage of Judge William Hepburn, and the second child, and 
the twelfth counting from the first in the family. He was 
an active business man during his lifetime. He married 
Margaret, daughter of William McMeen,born in 1807. Her 
family settled early on the " Long Reach," west of Williams- 
port, after having borne a conspicuous part in the Revolu- 
tionary struggle, and her father was one of the representa- 
tive men of his time. She died at Grand Rapids, Michigan, 
in 1875. 

Charles Hepburn purchased, June i, 1831, of Dr. James 
Hepburn, then sole surviving executor of his father's estate, 
(see Deed Book 20, p. 7,) no acres and 155 perches of the 
Deer Park farm, including two islands in the river, contain- 
ing about 10 acres and 140 perches, in consideration of 

^4,438.75- 

He held this portion of the patrimonial estate until De- 
cember I, 1836, when he and his wife conveyed 114 acres 
and 36 perches (see Deed Book 23, p. 123,) to Matthew C. 
Ralston, of Philadelphia, in consideration of $14,509. 



126 THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 

Mr. Hepburn also erected what is now known as the 
" Maynard Mansion," on West Fourth Street, which he sold, 
with ninety acres of land, to Judge Maynard, July 22, 1847, 
(Deed Book 29.) for ten thousand dollars, and there Mr. May- 
nard lived until his death in 1885. A descendant still occu- 
pies the house. 

The records show that during the active years of his life 
Charles Hepburn sold and conveyed many lots, until the 
Deer Park estate was pretty well divided among strangers. 
The Park Hotel, the most elegant public house in Williams- 
port, stands on four of these lots. Finally " Major Hep- 
burn," as he was familiarly called, moved west and settled at 
Grand Rapids, Michigan, where he died in 1877, and is 
there buried by the side of his wife. They had issue : 

2. Elizabeth, m. George Voorhis and lives in Grand Rapids. 

a. William, m. and lives in Oregon. 
Hi. John, m. and lives in California. 
iv. Augustus, m. and lives in Grand Rapids. 

V. Mercy Power, m. Edward Montgomery and lives in Grand Rapids. 
vi. Samuel, m. and lives in Kansas. 

XIX. Harriet Hepburn,^ (William,^ Samuel,^) was born 
November 23, 1804, in the infant settlement of Williams- 
port, on the Deer Park farm. She was the thirteenth child 
of Judge Hepburn, and the third by his second marriage. 
She became the second wife of Dr. E. L. Hart, a noted phy- 
sician of Elmira, November i, 1843, and died August 6, 
1892, aged 87 years, 8 months and 13 days. Next to her 
grandfather, she reached the greatest age of any of his de- 
scendants up to the present tiine. 

Mrs. Harriet Hepburn Hart left one son, Charles Lang- 
don Hart, born April 10, 1845. He married Fanny Rich- 
ardson Smith, of Elmira, June 18, 1879. She was born 
September 19, 1855. Their only child, Charles Earle Hart, 
was born March 5, 1881, They reside in Elmira. 

Dr. E. L. Hart, who was born in Goshen, Connecticut, 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. I 27 

May 8, 1787, died in Elmira October 23, 1871, and was 
therefore seventeen years older than his second wife. He 
was a popular physician in his time, but entertained some 
pecuhar prejudices rei^arding modes of transportation. F'or 
instance, it is related of him that he could not be induced 
to enter a railway car, and when he had occasion to visit 
Williamsport he always drove overland in his carriage. 

XX. John Hepburn,^ (William,- Samuel,^) born in Wil- 
liamsport November 16, 1806; married Caroline Wheeler, 
Elmira, March 8, 1831. She was born June 6, 1807; died 
August 24, 1878. Mr. Hepburn died November 24, 1878. 

He was raised on his father's farm, known as Deer Park, 
and received such a rudimentary education as the schools 
of the time afforded. He learned the trade of a saddle and 
harness maker, and in partnership with his brother, Cowden, 
carried on the business for a number of years in Elmira. 
Failing in health, he abandoned his trade and became 
a farmer. After a time he returned to Williamsport, where 
he continued to reside until his death. 

In 1867 he was elected an alderman for the Third Ward, 
Williamsport, and was commissioned June 10, 1867, by 
Governor Geary, to serve five years from that date. He was 
re-elected for the third time and died in office. John 
Hepburn and his wife Caroline had issue : 

i. Elisabeth, b. February 8, 1832; m. Valentine S. Doebler Febru- 
ary 17, 1853. 

Mr. Doebler was proprietor of the United States Hotel, 
Williamsport, one of the most popular public houses of its 
time, for many years. He died, suddenly, after an illness of 
only seventeen hours, October 17, 1866, in the fortieth year 
of his age. They had issue (surname Doebler) : 

I. Mary Caroline, b. May 28, 1854; m. Rev. Peter Baldy 
Lightner, of the Episcopal Church, and they reside in 
Denver, Colorado. Have had three daughters ; two 
deceased. 



128 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

2. Margaret Biggs, b. January 7, 1855; m. George Mere- 

dith Ball, general manager of the Empire Line, 
Philadelphia ; have five sons and two daughters. 

3. Mercy Ann, b. December 8, 1857; unmarried. 

4. Charles Hay, b. March 17, i860 ; m. Pauline Ward, of 

Fort Wayne, Indiana. They reside in Wabash, In- 
diana, where Mr. Doebler is ma.ster mechanic, Michi- 
gan Division, " Big Four" Railroad system. Have 
one daughter. 

5. John Hepburn, b. November 22, 1 861 ; m. Camilla 

Heulings; live in Philadelphia; no issue. 

6. F^lizabeth, b. December 30, 1863; m. Herbert Ida 

Keen ; live in Philadelphia ; have one daughter. 

7. Valentine Sherman, b. December i, 1865; unmarried ; 

resides in Hollidaysburg ; civil engineer by profes- 
sion. 

a. William E., b. March ii, 1834; m. Helen Elizabeth Post, of 
Elmira. No issue. 

In 1854 Mr. Hepburn commenced service on the Northern 
Central Railroad as a brakeman between Williamsport and 
Palmira, and gradually worked himself up to the position of 
conductor, and ran in that line of duty from i860 to 1865. 
In 1867, soon after the death of his brother-in-law, V. S. 
Doebler, he opened a hotel in Williamsport and called it the 
" Hepburn House." It was located on the corner of West 
Fourth and Pine streets, and soon became a popular place 
of resort. He conducted the hotel until 1874, when he re- 
tired to resume his old business of railroading, and accept- 
ing a conductorship on the New York, Lake Erie and 
Western Railroad, has been running between Bingham- 
ton and Jersey City since that time, a distance of 215 miles. 
F'or several years he has had charge of the fast train known 
as the Limited Express. 

Hi. Albert Huston, b. August 29, 1836; m. Emma Dobbins, of Troy, 
Pa. Reside in Elmira; have one son, John William Hepburn. 

iv. Mercy Anna, b. March 25, 1839; m. Edson Avery Tinker 
October 13, 1869. 

Mr. Tinker was engaged in the hotel business for many 
years. At one time he was interested in the old City Hotel, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 1 29 

Williamsport ; afterwards he kept the Jones House (now 
The Commonwealth), Harrisburg, for several years. For 
four or five years he has been manager of the dining rooms 
in the Pennsylvania Railroad Station, Harrisburg. They 
have issue (surname Tinker) : 

1. John Hepburn, b. July 28, 1870. 

2. Martin Powell, b. November 29, 1873. 

V. Charles yohn* b. July 4, 1841 ; m. Georgie M. Taylor, of Wil- 
liamsport, in 1865. 

In 1857 he commenced service as a telegraph operator on 
the Elmira and Williamsport Railroad; in 1859 he went 
with the Sunbury and Erie, now a part of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad system, in the same capacity. Sometime in i860 
he was made train despatcher, and in 1861 he was promoted 
to division operator. In 1866 he was appointed despatcher 
on the Allegheny and Great Western Railroad at Meadville. 
One year afterwards (1867) he became train master on the 
Warren and Franklin Railroad, and before the close of the 
year he was appointed superintendent. This position he 
held until he was made general superintendent of the Pitts- 
burg, Titusville and Buffalo Railroad, of which the Warren 
and Franklin was part by consolidation. During the 
years 1 879-1 881 Mr. Hepburn was engaged in building an 
oil pipe line from Olean to New York City. Having fin- 
ished this great work, he returned to railroading as superin- 
tendent of the Evansville and Terre Haute Railroad, and 
the same year (1881) he was appointed general superintend- 
ent of the same road and branch lines ; and at the same time 
he was made receiver of the Indianapolis and Evansville 
Railroad, and held both positions until 1883. He was then 
appointed general superintendent of the Cincinnati, Hamil- 
ton and Dayton Railroad, at Cincinnati, which position he 
held until 1884, when he was taken sick and has been un- 
able to attend to business since. For more than twenty-five 
years the life of Mr. Hepburn was one of great activity, and 
he rose rapidly in the line of his profession. Had it not 
been for his misfortune in being stricken down by disease 
he would undoubtedly have attained to a much higher dis- 
tinction as a railroad officer. 



*So far as known, Mr. Hepburn is the only one of the name who enjoys 
the distinction of being born on the natal day of American independence. 



130 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Mr. Hepburn is now a resident of the city of Erie, Pa. 
Issue: I. Fred. Taylor, born at Corryini873. Graduated 
from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, in 
1893, as a civil engineer, and is now in the employ of the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company at Erie, Pa., in the engi- 
neering department. 2. Clarence Wheeler. 

vi. Clarence Wheeler, b. August 22, 1845; d. in infancy. 
vii. Caroline Emily, h. May 15, 1847; m., first, Martin Powell, and 

had issue (surname Powell): George, d. in infancy; Caroline 

and Elizabeth. 

Mr. Powell was for a short time in the banking business 
in Williamsport. He served as mayor of the city in 1874 
and 1875, and died at Bradford, McKean County, May 11, 
1879, aged 33. 

Mrs. Powell married, second, Hon. Amos H. Mylin in 
February, 1884. Mr. Mylin was born in West Lampeter 
Township, Lancaster County, September 29, 1837. He was 
educated at Andover, Massachusetts, and graduated from 
the law department of the University of Pennsylvania in 
1864, and is at present a farmer near Lancaster City. He 
was a member of the House of Representatives, sessions of 
1 873-1 876. Was elected State Senator in November, 1876, 
for a term of four years ; re-elected November, 1880; elect- 
ed president /'r(9 tein. for the extra session of 1883, and re- 
elected Senator November, 1884, and again November, 
1888, for a term of four years. In January, 1885, he was 
again elected president /r^ tern, of the Senate for the session 
of 1885. At the end of his term he retired from public life, 
but he was not long permitted to enjoy agricultural pur- 
suits, for at the State Republican Convention, June, 1894, 
he was nominated for Auditor General of Pennsylvania, and 
elected November 6 by a plurality of 239,278, the largest 
ever given since the office was created. 

Mrs. Caroline Hepburn Powell, by her second marriage, 
has had issue (surname Mylin) : Barbara Kendig, Helen 
and Mercy Anna. 

via. Eilward Augustus, h. December 5, 1849; studied medicine and 
graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 186S, and d. 
at Fargo, North Dakota, September 6, 1887. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I3I 

XXI. Susan Hepburn,^ (William,^ Samuel,^) born in 18 14, 
on her father's farm hi WiUiamsport. At a camp meeting 
held in Lycoming County, in 1833, she experienced rehgion, 
and joined the M. E. Church. In 1840 she married Rev. 
G. L. Brown, and died May 5, 1841, at the house of her 
father-in-law, in Baltimore, leaving an infant daughter only 
three months old. Mrs. Brown was the eighteenth child 
and youngest daughter of Judge William Hepburn. She 
led a quiet and unobtrusive life, was noted for her piety, and 
died at the early age of twenty-seven years. Her infant 
daughter, named Anna Crecy Brown, was adopted by her 
uncle and aunt, Mr. Thomas P. and Crecy Hepburn Sim- 
mons, and by them reared. When her foster-parents died 
she went to reside with her cousin, Mrs. Charlotte Hep- 
burn Simmons Slate, WiUiamsport, and there she remains. 

George L. Brown was born in the city of Baltimore, Jan- 
uary 16, 1809. He embraced religion in Frederick City, 
Md., in the winter of 1830, under the ministry of Rev. 
James Reed, of the Baltimore Conference ; was received on 
trial by the same conference in the spring of 1833, and 
labored with acceptance and usefulness as an itinerant min- 
ister from the time he was admitted on trial until the spring 
of 1841, when he was compelled to yield to the force of dis- 
ease, and take a supernumerary relation. In a short time 
he experienced a considerable improvement in his health 
and reported to Bishop Waugh that he was ready for active 
work. There being a vacancy on Lancaster circuit, Vir- 
ginia, he was assigned to that charge sometime in June, 
1 84 1. In the month of March following he was reappointed 
to Lancaster circuit, where he was highly appreciated. Mr. 
Brown's talents as a preacher were of a useful order. He 
was a man of amiable spirit, of deep piety, and highly be- 
loved in all his fields of labor. In the midst of his useful- 
ness he was stricken with bilious fever, and after an illness 
of two weeks died September 24, 1842, in his 34th year, 



132 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

having survived his wife less than a year and a half. He 
was buried at White Marsh Church, Lancaster County, 
Virginia. 

XXII, Huston Hepburn,^ (WilHam,^ Samuel,^) born 
August 17, 18 1 7, in WiUiamsport ; died April 4, 1891. He 
was the seventh son and nineteenth and youngest child of 
Judge William Hepburn. His mother (Elizabeth Huston), 
after whom he was named, was his father's second wife, and 
there were nine in the family — four sons and five daughters. 
He was a little over four years old when his father died, and 
ten when his mother passed away. 

His opportunities for an education were only such as were 
afforded by the common subscription schools of that time. 
At the age of sixteen he was employed as a clerk in the 
store of his brother-in-law, Thomas P. Simmons, in the then 
village of Newberry — now a part of the city of Williams- 
port. Afterwards he served in the same capacity for Mr. 
Simmons in his store at Jersey Shore, whither he had re- 
moved, for about seven years. He then entered as a student 
in the law office of Hon. James Gamble, at that place, and 
was admitted to the Lycoming County bar in 1841. After 
remaining for a short time in the office of his preceptor, he 
was appointed deputy under Sheriff William Riddle, in the 
autumn of 1844, and served the entire term of three years. 

In the spring of 185 1 he entered into a law partnership 
with Mr. Gamble, at Jersey Shore, and for eighteen years it 
proved a most agreeable and pleasant association. During 
the service of Mr. Gamble in Congress (1851-1855) he man- 
aged the law business of the firm. In 1856, at the October 
election, Mr. Hepburn was chosen prothonotary of Lycom- 
ing County, and served the term of three years with satis- 
faction to the public. 

December 9, 1856, he married Miss Susan, daughter of 
Charles McMicken, then a resident of Nippenose Township. 



THE HEPBURN FAMH^Y. 133 

The fruits of this union were two daughters, when his wife 
died in 1863. On the 26th of March, 1868, he married, 
secondly, Miss Anna Simmons, niece of Thomas P. Sim- 
mons, a well remembered resident of Williamsport. 

Early in the spring of 1870 Mr. Hepburn located on a 
farm in Nippenose Township, which was a part of the estate 
of the father of his first wife ; but he was not permitted to 
long enjoy the life of an agriculturist. In the autumn of 
1 87 1 he was nominated by the Democratic party as a candi- 
date for associate judge, and elected. He thus again be- 
came associated with his old preceptor and partner, who 
was then on the bench as president judge. In 1874 he per- 
manently located in Williamsport, having received the ap- 
pointment of deputy prothonotary. In 1880 he was reap- 
pointed to the same position. After serving to the end of 
the prothonotary's term, and when the weight of years was 
beginning to bear him down, he was appointed court crier, 
and performed the functions of that office almost to the close 
of his life. 

It may be mentioned as a remarkable historical fact that 
Hon. William Hepburn was the first of the four associate 
judges appointed by Governor Mifflin on the passage of the 
bill erecting the county of Lycoming, April 13, 1795, and 
his son, Huston, was the last to sit upon the bench in that 
capacity, retiring in 1876, the Constitution of 187 1-2 having 
abolished the office. 

At the time of his death Judge Hepburn had been a 
member of the bar of Lycoming County for fifty years. 
He was thoroughly conversant with the law, but had prac- 
ticed little for fifteen years preceding his death. He knew 
a great deal about the business of the county, however, and 
his services in this relation were often in demand. The day 
of his funeral (April 7, 1891,) the bar of Lycoming County 
met in the court house and took action on the death of their 
deceased member. 



134 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

His remains were taken to Jersey Shore for interment in 
the cemetery at that place. A handsome monument marks 
his grave. His widow survives. There was no issue by 
the second marriage. 

DESCENDANTS OF SAMUEL HEPBURN. 

XXin. Hannah Maria Hepburn,-^ (Samuel,-^ James,'^ 
Samuel/) born in Milton, Pa., December 25, 18 12, eldest child 
of Samuel and Ann Clay Hepburn. She married William 
Henry Blackiston, of Kent County, Maryland, June 8, 1835, 
and took up her residence in that state, where she died in 
June, 1878. Mr. Blackiston was born near Sassafras, Md., 
October 2, 181 3, and died in Middletown, Delaware, March 
14, 1853. He was a farmer by occupation, owning and cul- 
tivating over 300 acres of land. They had issue (surname 
Blackiston) : 

i. Samuel Hepburn, b. July 12, 1836, near Sassafras; m. Mrs. S. T. 
(Raisen) Brooks September 17, 1868, and d. October, 1883, 
leaving issue: Henry Curtis, Josephine, McCall, Helen and 
Slator Clay. 

ii. Henry C«r/w, b. June 8, 1838; served as a lieutenant in Com- 
pany B, 1st Maryland Cavalry (Confederate), and was killed 
in a skirmish at Bunker Hill, Va., September 3, 1864. 

Hi. Josephine, b. November 5, 1839; m. Henry Augustus Nowland 
October 29, 1885, near Middletown, Delaware, who resides on 
a farm of 450 acres, which he owns; has been a member of the 
Legislature. 

iv. Annie Jetnima, b. February 6, 1841 ; d. August 14, 1870. 
V. Emma, b. February 16, 1843, in Chestertown, Kent County, 
Maryland. 

vi. Rev. Slaior Clay, b. January 13, 1846. Graduated at Nashotah 
Theological Seminary, Wisconsin ; now rector of the Episcopal 
Church in Butte, Montana ; m. Margaret Monroe, of Missouri. 
Issue: Martha M., Annie I., Frances and Margaret. 
vii. Clara Leete, b. May 29, 1848; living in Middletown, Delaware. 
via. Lizzie, h. October 18, 1849; i"- Henry A, Nowland October 25, 
1876; d. December i, 1883, leaving issue (surname Nowland) : 
Maria Hepburn, Augustus James and Mary Blackiston. 




Dr. James Curtis Hepburn, 

Born 1815. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 135 

tx. Mary Eugenia, b. March 14, 1852; m., July 6, 1873, John 
Woodbridge Patton, of Philadelphia, son of Rev. John Patton 
and Mindwell Gould. Mr. Patton is a lawyer by profession, 
and practiced until about five years ago. He is now president 
of "The Mortgage Trust Company of Pennsylvania," Phila- 
delphia. They have issue (surname Patton) : John Wood- 
bridge, Helen Hepburn, Agnes, Henry Blackiston and Mildred 
Gould. 

XXIV. Dr. James Curtis Hepburn,^ (Samuel,^ James,2 
Samuel,!) born at Milton, Pa., March 13, 181 5, son of Samuel 
and Ann Clay Hepburn. His mother was a daughter of 
Rev. Slater Clay and Hannah Hughes, widow of John 
Hughes, of Montgomery County, Pa. His grandfather, 
Slator Clay, was an Episcopal clergyman, rector of the 
church at Perkiomen, and the old Swede church near Nor- 
ristown. Sketches of his ancestors on the paternal side 
have been given. His mother was an earnest Christian, fond 
of the Bible, exacting a strict observance of the Sabbath in 
her family, faithful in teaching the Catechism to her chil- 
dren, and inculcating truthfulness and good morals. 

James Hepburn received his primary education in the 
Milton Academy under the celebrated Rev. David Kirkpat- 
rick ; graduated from Princeton in the fall of 1832, and 
united with the Presbyterian Church, Milton, in 1835. He 
studied medicine under Dr. Samuel Pollock, Milton, and 
received the degree of M. D. at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1836, and that of LL. D. from Lafayette College 
in 1868. After graduation he practiced medicine for one 
year in West Philadelphia, and after that for a year at Nor- 
ristown. Pa., when, becoming convinced that as a physician he 
was not needed in this country, where they abounded and 
were jostling one another, and that it was his duty to God 
and his fellow-men to go and labor in some other country 
where his talents would be more useful, was impelled to 
offer himself to the Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions 
to go to any of the heathen nations to whom they would 



136 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

be pleased to send him. He was accordingly married to 
Miss Clara Maria, daughter of Harvey Leete, Esq., of Fay- 
etteville, N. C, on the 27th of October, 1840. She was a 
young lady in fr.ll sympathy with his views, and of an 
earnest Christian and missionary spirit, whom he first met 
while residing in Norristown. 

Under the direction of the Board of Foreign Missions 
they sailed on the 15th of March, 1841, from Boston in the 
ship Potomac, Captain Carter, for Siam. After a long and 
trying voyage of one hundred and seven days, they arrived 
at Batavia, island of Java, June 29th. Here they remained 
until the 7th of July, when they again set sail for Singa- 
pore, where they arrived on the I2th. Their destination 
being here changed for China, they remained in Singapore 
about two years, studying the Malay and Chinese languages, 
teaching a class of Chinese boys and prescribing for all the 
sick that came to them. 

After the so-called "Opium war" between England and 
China was finished, and the five ports in China were opened 
to foreign residents, they left Singapore and moved up to 
China, landing at Macao in July, 1843 ; and in October they 
went to Amoy, where they were stationed until the end of 
1845. Here, in conjunction with Dr. W. H. Cumming, Dr. 
Hepburn opened a hospital for the Chinese, prescribing for 
the sick, performing many surgical operations and teaching 
the great truths of Christianity. 

But their life in China was cut short by sickness, and 
they were compelled to return to the home-land, landing in 
New York in 1846, with one child. Hoping to return to 
China, they settled in New York and the Doctor went into 
the practice of his profession. Here they remained for 
thirteen years, residing in Forty-second Street, then on the 
outskirts of the city, working principally upon the lower 
classes, until the spring of 1859, when Japan, being opened to 
foreign trade and residence by the treaties of Commodore 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 137 

Perry and Mr. Harris, and the Board of Foreign Missions 
calling for a physician to go there, Dr. Hepburn offered 
himself, broke up his home, and sailed for Japan in April, 
1859. They landed at Yokohama on the i8th of October, 
having been detained in Shanghai some three weeks by 
sickness. With the exception of two missionaries who had 
come over from Shanghai a short time before them, Dr. Hep- 
burn and his wife were the first missionaries to arrive in 
Japan after the country was opened. 

It will be impossible within the limits of this sketch to 
give a detailed account of the life of Dr. Hepburn and his 
wife for thirty-three years in Japan, and of their work there. 
At first they had to endure many privations, and were ex- 
posed to many dangers, residing among people who were 
hostile to foreigners and to whom the name of Christian 
was synonymous with pernicious and corrupt religion, the 
followers of which were only to be arrested and punished 
with death. They were regarded with a great deal of sus- 
picion and jealousy. Owing to this, as well as ignorance of 
the language, it was some three years before Dr. Hepburn 
could enter fully on his medical work or teaching the re- 
ligion of Christ. Time, however, and kindly treatment of 
the people, and friendly intercourse, gradually dissolved 
their prejudices and brought them to regard the strangers 
as friends. 

After opening his dispensary and hospital its fame soon 
spread and he had all the patients he could attend to, of 
every class of people and of every variety of disease ; be- 
sides many young men anxious to learn the practice of for- 
eign medicine. The foreign system of medicine and sur- 
gery was quite unknown at that time in Japan, except by a 
very few who had obtained an imperfect knowledge of it 
from the Dutch of Nagasaki. Dr. Hepburn, therefore, was 
the first to perform any important surgical operations. 

Along with his medical work and teaching- the Bible, he 



138 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

employed every spare moment to the study of the language, 
which, he says, is confessedly one of the most difficult of 
known languages. As the result of this study he compiled 
a Japanese and English dictionary, the_^ri-/of the kind, and 
wrote a grammar of the Japanese language, and published 
them in Shanghai in 1867, as there were no facilities for 
publishing such works at that time in Japan. This diction- 
ary has gone through three editions, being revised and 
greatly enlarged and improved each time, until it is now 
stereotyped and the only one of the kind still in use. 

From the first the translation of the Bible into Japanese was 
a work which engaged his earnest attention as one of the most 
importance, being the basis and embodiment of all Chris- 
tian teaching, and the only true source of enlightenment and 
civilization to the Japanese people. He worked at this 
alone with his Japanese teacher for several years, and had 
the manuscript copy of the New Testament done as far as 
the four gospels, and all the epistles, except Colossians, 
Acts and Revelations. In 1872 a committee of four per- 
sons, of whom he was one, was appointed by a convention 
of missionaries to devote themselves especially to this work. 
The revision of his work and translation was finished in 
1878, and published on blocks. He was also on a committee 
of three to translate the Old Testament. This was finished, 
after some five years of work, in 1889. 

Besides the above work he translated and published the 
first Christian Tract ever published in Japan ; also the 
Shorter Catechism, Confession of Faith and some other 
Christian Tracts; also a Dictionary of the Bible of over 600 
pages. Their last work in Japan was the erection of a very 
handsome brick church, capable of seating some 600 per- 
sons, for the native congregation with which he and his 
wife were specially identified. This was built from funds 
mainly collected from Christian people in this country. 

Thus after thirty-three years of life and labor in Japan, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 139 

old age and increasing infirmities warned these two faithful 
missionaries that their work was done, and compelled them 
with much reluctance to seek rest and end their days in the 
land of their nativity. 

During their long residence in Japan they won the confi- 
dence and respect of the natives with whom they came in 
contact, and their departure was a source of deep regret to 
their friends. It is hard to estimate the value of their great 
work in Japan in the introduction of Christianity, and in 
laying down and explaining the sublime truths of the gospel 
to a benighted people. After receiving unusual expressions 
of regard from cultivated Japanese, and from the mission- 
aries with whom they had been associated in Christian 
labor, they left Tokio and arrived in San Francisco in No- 
vember, 1892, where they were warmly welcomed by the 
good people of that city, who had known of their long and 
faithful work in the old Empire of the East. After passing 
the winter in Southern California, they wended their way 
east, and after visiting friends and the scenes of their youth, 
finally settled in East Orange, N. J., where, in the soft and 
mellow twilight of their well-spent lives, they calmly await 
the call of the Master to enter into a new and more glorious 
sphere. 

Dr. James Curtis Hepburn and wife had issue : 

i. Samuel D., b. in Amoy, China, April 9, 1844; m. Miss Clara B. 
Shaw, of Lock Haven, Pa., October 16, 1873. They reside in 
Yokohama, Japan, where Mr. Hepburn is manager of a Jap- 
anese steamship company. They have no issue. 

XXV. Sarah Hepburn,'' (James,^ Samuel,^ Samuel,^) 
daughter of Samuel and Ann Clay Hepburn, born June 2, 
18 17, in Milton, Pa.; married James Pollock, of the same 
place, December 19, 1837, and died in Philadelphia August 
24, 1886, in the 70th year of her age. 

For one whose history is so well known it is unneces- 
sary, in this connection, to speak in detail of the career of 



140 



tHE HEPBURN FAMILY. 



her distinguished husband. President judge, member of 
Congress, Governor of the state of Pennsylvania, and direc- 
tor of the Mint for many years, James Pollock was one of 
the most honored and respected citizens of the Common- 
wealth. In all his illustrious career there is perhaps no one 
incident of his busy life that shines with a more resplendent 
lustre, one that will live when political deeds are forgotten, 
than the fact that it was through his suggestion and influ- 
ence that the sublime motto, "/;/ God We Trust,'' was 
stamped on United States silver coins. He was then di- 
rector of the Philadelphia Mint, and the great southern re- 
bellion was at its height, when he made the suggestion 
to Secretary Chase of the United States Treasury, and it 
was at once adopted. It was a true Christian recognition 
of Divine power, an acknowledgment that those who put 
their faith in the God of battles cannot fail when right and 
justice are on their side. 

Governor Pollock was born in Milton September 1 1, i8iO, 
and died April 19, 1890, full of years and of honors, at the 
residence of his son-in-law, H. T. Harvey, Esq., of Lock 
Haven, Pennsylvania. James Pollock and Sarah Hepburn, 
his wife, had issue ("surname Pollock): 

/. Samuel H., d. October 25, 1865. 

ii. William Curtis, m. Ella M. Burr; live in Philadelphia. 
Hi. Louisa Annie, m. Richard Edie Clay ; live in Philadelphia. 
iv. Emily Clara, d. in infancy. 

V. James Crawford, m. Mary Angus Kelsey ; live in Buffalo, N. Y. 
vi. Sarah Margaret, m. Henry Thomas Harvey, member of the bar, 

Lock Haven, Pa. 
vii. Emtna, m. Charles Corss, member of the bar, Lock Haven, Pa. 

XXVI. Slator Clay Hepburx,'* (James,^ Samuel,'^ Sam- 
uel,i) born October 19, 18 19, at Milton, Pa., son of Samuel 
and Ann Clay Hepburn. He received an academical edu- 
cation at the Milton Academy under the Rev. David Kirk- 
patrick as principal. Entered Princeton College, New Jer- 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I4I 

sey, and graduated therefrom in 1839; in 1844 he gradu- 
ated from Princeton Theological Seminary. He was or- 
dained to the gospel ministry by the Presbytery of Nor- 
thumberland, January 21, 1845, and installed pastor of the 
Great Island Church (Lock Haven, Pa.,) the same day. 
That pastoral relation was dissolved June ii, 1850, and on 
the 2d of July following he was installed pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church of Hamptonburgh,* Orange County, 
New York, by the Presbytery of Hudson, and that pastor- 
ate still continues. It is rare to find an instance where the 
relation between pastor and people has existed for almost 
forty-four years ; and in this case, particularly, it speaks 
volumes of praise in favor of both. 

The Rev. Dr. Hepburn married, September 12, 1849, 
Anna Maria, daughter of Samuel and Anna Maria Boyd, of 
New York City. They have living issue : 

i. Samuel Boyd, b. February 6, 1854; m., October 24, 1882, Sarah, 
daughter of Alfred Booth, of Hamptonburgh, N, Y., and they 
have three children, viz. : Anna Bayard, Amy Lourie and 
Dolly Booth. 

XXVII. Mary Hepburn,^ (James,^ Samuel,- Samuel,^) 
fifth child and third daughter of Samuel and Ann Clay 
Hepburn, born May i, 1822, in Milton, and resides in Lock 
Haven, Pa. She married Louis A. Mackey, a native of 
White Deer Township, Union County, Pa., where he was 
born November 25, 18 19. When he was about ten years 
of age his parents removed to Milton, where he was placed 
in a school conducted upon the Lancasterian system, of 
which he soon became the principal " Monitor." At the age 
of twelve he was placed under the instruction of that famous 
educator. Rev. David Kirkpatrick, then in charge of the 
Milton Academy. He subsequently removed to Westmore- 
land County, but Mr. Mackey, with eight other young men, 

* Post-office, Campbell Hall, N. Y. 



142 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

followed him to his new home on the Loyalhanna and there 
completed their academic studies. 

In 1835 he entered the junior class of Union College, 
Schenectady, and two years later graduated with the highest 
honors, the youngest of a class of 108. One year thereafter 
he commenced the study of law with Hon. James Pollock, 
of Milton, and after being under his instruction one year he 
entered the law school of Dickinson College, Carlisle, then 
conducted by Judge Read, and was admitted to the bar at 
Carlisle in 1840. 

In February, 1841, he located in Lock Haven and en- 
gaged in the practice of law, which he continued with suc- 
cess until 1855, when he was chosen president of the Lock 
Haven Bank, and when it became a National Bank he was 
continued in the same relation. 

Mr. Mackey was a delegate to the Whig National Con- 
vention in 1855, at Baltimore, and assisted in the nomina- 
tion of General Scott for President. In 1872 he represented 
the XVIIIth Congressional District in the Democratic 
National Convention, held at Baltimore, and voted against 
the nomination of Horace Greeley. Four years before this 
(1868) he was the Democratic nominee for Congress in his 
district, but was defeated by Hon. William Hepburn Arm- 
strong, of Williamsport. When Lock Haven became a city 
in 1870, he was elected its first mayor, and held the office 
for three years. Renominated again for Congress in 1874, 
he was elected, and re-elected in 1876 by a largely increased 
majority. 

When Mr. Philip M. Price gave sixteen acres for the Cen- 
tral Normal School at Lock Haven, Mr. Mackey was the 
first man to subscribe ;$ 1,000 towards raising a fund to as- 
sist in erecting the buildings. At a meeting of the stock- 
holders, held February 17, 1870, he was elected president 
of the board of trustees, and was re-elected for several suc- 
cessive terms. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I43 

Personally Mr. Mackey was a man of great popularity 
and numbered his friends by the hundreds. He was kind, 
obliging and hospitable. For years he was closely identified 
with the leading interests of his city and district, and he 
was characterized by quick discernment, sound judgment, 
liberality and enterprise. He took a leading interest in the 
construction of the Bald Eagle Valley Railroad, and for 
more than ten years serv^ed as its president. Mr. Mackey 
died suddenly of heart failure February 8, 1889, in the 70th 
year of his age, leaving a widow and two daughters to sur- 
vive him. The eldest daughter, Annie H., married Dr. J. 
H. Hayes, and the youngest, M. Louise, married Dr. E. P. 
Ball. They all reside in Lock Haven. 

DESCENDANTS OF ANDREW DOZ HEPBURN. 

XXVHL James Huston Hepburn,^ (Andrew Doz,^ 
James,- Samuel,^) born September 11, 1803; died July 30, 
1853. Was the eldest son of Andrew Doz and Martha 
Huston Hepburn, and was born in Williamsport. He re- 
ceived a good education, and after studying law with Judge 
Thomson at Chambersburg, he was admitted to the bar of 
Franklin County. He located at Kittanning and began 
practice at that place. On the ist of October, 1829, he was 
united in marriage with Mary McClellan, of Strasburg, 
Franklin County. Soon after they removed from Kittanning 
to Jersey Shore, Lycoming County, Pa., where Mr. Hepburn 
opened a retail dry goods store, which he carried on during 
the balance of his life, a period of about twenty-four years. 

Mr, Hepburn was an active business man, and, aside 
from his mercantile pursuits, took a lively interest in what- 
ever was calculated to develop the resources of the country. 
He was one of the organizers, and a director and treasurer 
of the Jersey Shore and Lewisburg Turnpike Company, 
subsequently known as the Jersey Shore Bridge Company. 
He was a man of more than ordinary ability and contrib- 



144 'I"HE HEPBURN FAMILY, 

uted many articles to agricultural papers. He was inter- 
ested in farming and stock raising, and to him is due the 
credit for having introduced Durham cattle in Lycoming 
County. In politics he was a Whig and strongly adhered 
to the principles of that party. He was a warm friend of 
Henry Clay and deeply regretted his defeat for President. 
True to the faith of his distinguished father and ancestors, 
he was a Presbyterian and an ardent supporter of the Church. 
Although dying at a comparatively early age, he was quite 
successful in business and accumulated a comfortable com- 
petence. After his decease his wife, who was a careful, 
methodical business woman, carried on the store till near 
her death, which occurred January 26, 1873. They had 
issue : 

/. George M., b. July 8, 1830; d. June 16, 1855. 
a. Andrew D., b. February 27, 1832; d. April 5, 1834. 
Hi. McClellan Patterson, b. July 31, 1835; studied dentistry and 
practiced for two years in Williamsport ; m. Miss Nancy Eleanor 
Hays May 3, 1859, and settled on a farm near Pine Creek, part 
of which was owned by bis great-grandfather (James Hepburn) 
one hundred years ago. He is the owner of a unique writing 
desk, of the colonial period, containing a secret drawer, which 
once belonged to Thomas Huston, his maternal grandfather. 
Issue: I. M. Hays. 2. James Huston. He graduated from 
Jefferson Medical College April, 1886. Afterwards studied in 
Vienna and other European schools. Is now practicing in 
Washington, D. C. 3. William M. 4. Mary McClellan. 
iv. Martha, b. September 24, 1837; d. January 31, 1855. 

V. Lydia, b. , 1839; m. Dr. Benjamin Bear; d. June 2, 1894. 

Issue: One son and one daughter, William M. and Mary M. 
Bear. 

It may be mentioned as a strange coincidence that her 
funeral took place at 2:30 p. m., June 5, 1894, the day being 
the 34th anniversary of her marriage, which occurred at the 
same hour, in the same house, and Rev. Dr. Joseph Stevens, 
who officiated on that occasion, preached her funeral 
sermon. 




JuDCE Samuel Hepeurn, 

Born 1806. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. MS 

XXIX. Samuel Hepburn,* (Andrew Doz,^ James,^ Sam- 
uel,^) second son of Andrew Doz and Martha Huston Hep- 
burn, born November 26, 1806, in Williamsport ; married 
at Silver's Spring, Cumberland County, Pa., October 20, 
1829, Rebecca, daughter of David Williamson. She was 
born October i, 1807, near Newville, Cumberland County, 
and died near Carlisle August 31, 1892. Her ancestors 
were all Scots and came from Fief, Scotland, and in early 
colonial times settled in Cumberland Valley, Pennsylvania. 
Her maternal great-grandfather, John McKnight, served as 
captain in the French and Indian war, and was under Gen- 
eral Forbes at the capture of Fort Du Quesne. 

Samuel Hepburn commenced reading law under the di- 
rection of Hon. James Armstrong, his uncle, at Williams- 
port, and completed his last year of study in Judge Read's 
law school connected with Dickinson College. He was 
admitted to the bar in Carlisle in 1835. Just after his ad- 
mission he was appointed by Judge Read Professor of Law 
in Dickinson College. He was admitted to practice in the 
Supreme Court of the United States on motion of Hon. 
James Buchanan, afterwards President of the United States, 
in 1838. 

Having married in Cumberland County, he settled per- 
manently in Carlisle, and after retiring from his professor- 
ship in the law school, he at once entered upon the practice 
of his chosen profession. Being apt, studious and indus- 
trious, he soon built up a good practice and established for 
himself an excellent reputation at the bar. One of the ele- 
ments of his success was a remarkably retentive memor}-, 
which often aided him very materially in the trial of 
an important cause. 

He was appointed president judge of the IXth Judicial 
District February 2, 1839, 'O^ ^ period often years, by Gov. 
David R. Porter. By an act of the Legislature, passed 
March 9, 1847, the common pleas business of Dauphin 



146 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

County was given to Judge Hepburn, and, by an arrange- 
ment with Judge Eldred, of the Dauphin district. Judge 
Hepburn took the civil list cases, and Judge Eldred the 
criminal cases. 

"Judge Hepburn," says the History of the Susquehanna 
and Juniata Valleys (pp. 681-1200), " was held in high esti- 
mation by the members of the bar of the counties where 
he held courts. When he held his last court in Dauphin 
County, at the expiration of his ten years, the bar met, 
passed and forwarded to Judge Hepburn most compliment- 
ary resolutions, which they had unanimously adopted. 
Some one in Juniata, who knew him well when on the bench, 
said he was young, handsome and brilliant. He was quite 
a young man when he went upon the bench, and in the very 
vigor of manhood he resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion. * * * As a judge he was rapid, accurate and 
clear in the trial of causes, and his career as a judge was 
highly creditable to himself and satisfactory to the people 
of the district." 

In 1848 the degree of LL. D. was conferred on him by 
Jefferson College. His commission as president judge hav- 
ing expired, he was succeeded in 1849 by Judge Watts, who 
was appointed by Governor Johnson for the term of ten 
years, but under the amended Constitution judges were 
made elective by the people in 1851, so that Judge Watts' 
term was cut off in December, 1851. 

On his retirement from the bench Judge Hepburn re- 
sumed the practice of law. Some years later Hon. Freder- 
ick T. Frelinghuysen, who afterwards became Secretary of 
State under President Arthur, and Judge Hepburn became 
the counsel who organized the Delaware Division Canal 
Company, Mr. Frelinghuysen acting for the New Jersey 
stockholders and Judge Hepburn for the Pennsylvania 
stockholders. Whilst serving in this capacity he remained 
some years in Philadelphia, where he had a large practice, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I47 

and then returned to Carlisle and resumed business there, 
which he has continued without interruption. And to-day- 
he is one of the oldest practitioners in the state. His career 
at the bar has been brilliant and successful. In the beauti- 
ful town of Carlisle, where he has lived so many years, he 
still resides, after a long and busy life, " in a green old age, 
peacefully watching the lengthening shadows." 
Judge Samuel Hepburn and wife had issue: 

34. i. Andrew Doz,h. November 14, 1830, in Williarasport ; m. Hen- 

rietta McGuffy, at University of Virginia, 1857. 

ii. yohn Williamson, d. in infancy. 

Hi. William Williamson, b. June 20, 1834. After completing his 
preparatory studies at Carlisle, he entered the University of Vir- 
ginia, and afterwards Princeton College. On leaving college he 
commenced business as a partner in a wholesale merchant firm in 
Philadelphia. A few years after he returned to Carlisle, where he 
was chosen cashier of the First National Bank. His health, never 
very vigorous, soon began to fail rapidly, and he d. January 26, 
1864. Mr. Hepburn was a man of exceedingly attractive character. 
To his fine intellectual accomplishments were added the graces 
of great amiability of disposition, inflexible integrity and truth- 
fulness, and sincere, unobtrusive piety. 

iv. Martha Huston, d. in infancy. 

35. V. Charles Huston, b. November i, 1837; d. August 13, 1892. 

36. vi. ^rtWMif/, b. December 30, 1839; m., first, Maria Moore; secondly, 

Marie Japy ; d. March 28, 1890. 
vii. Anna,h. January 5, 1842; m. William M. Watts November 26, 

1872; resides in Carlisle. 
via. Hopewell, h. January 4., 1844; now living in Carlisle. Not mar- 
ried. 
ix. Alexander McGill, h. March 7, 1846; d. prematurely at the age 
of 22. He had gone to his new home, Ingleside, Westmore- 
land County, Virginia, and was just entering on what promised 
to be a happy and useful life, when he fell a victim to typhoid 
fever, and d. September 20, 1868. 
X. Henry Martyn, b. October 21, 1851; living in Carlisle; has been 
for some years the borough engineer. Not married. 

XXX. Janet Hepburn,^ (Andrew Doz,^ James,^ Sam- 
uel,^) the fourth child and second daughter of Andrew Doz 
and Martha Huston Hepburn, born in Williamsport March 



148 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

29, 1808, married Baker Langcake and settled near Muncy, 
Pa. 

Mr. Langcake was a native of Frankford, near Philadel- 
phia, where he was born January 23, 1803. In 1825 he 
moved to Williamsport, where he met Janet Hepburn, whom 
he married September 18, 1829. He was a man whose 
judgment was ripened by long experience in business. In 
1839 he located in Muncy, where he engaged in the mer- 
cantile business, which he conducted for many years. He 
was identified with many interests of the town and took 
much pleasure in its prosperity. He was among the first 
to encourage the project of a cemetery and subscribed 
largely of stock for that purpose. It is now one of the 
most beautiful burial places in the West Branch Valley, 
adorned with chaste and appropriate tributes to the dead, 
one of the most beautiful and imposing of which is the 
cenotaph erected to perpetuate the name, fame and heroism 
of Capt. John Brady, Revolutionary soldier and defender of 
the infant settlement, who perished at the hands of the 
savages on his return from Fort Muncy April 11, 1779. 

Mr. Langcake, throughout his long life, was noted for his 
high integrity, love of truth and devotion to duty. In relig- 
ious belief he was a Presbyterian. His death occurred April 
28, 1893, at the mature age of 90 years, 3 months and 5 days. 
For sixty-four years he and his wife had traveled life's road 
together, and during that time death had never invaded the 
family until he himself was called. At this writing (De- 
cember I, 1894,) his venerable widow still survives, having 
entered upon her 87th year. They had issue (surname 
Langcake) : 

i. Martha Hepburn, m. Capt. John M. Bowman, of Muncy. They 
have one son, Baker Langcake Bowman, and he is Janet's only 
grandson. 
ii. y. Atigtistus; single. 
Hi. Sarah Elizabeth, m. Dr. Robert Hayes Seiler. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I49 

XXXI. Dr. William Hepburn,* (Andrew Doz,^ James,^ 
Samuel,^) born December 29, 1812, in Williamsport, Pa.; 
married Elizabeth Irvine, of Cumberland County, and died 
October 5, 1855. 

He received his preparatory education principally in his 
native town, after which he read medicine under the direc- 
tion of Dr. James Rankin, of Muncy, and graduated in 
1835. Soon afterwards he located at Mill Hall, Clinton 
County, Pa., where he followed his profession for eighteen 
months, when he removed to Jersey Shore, Pa., in 1838. 
There Dr. Hepburn practiced his profession for eleven years. 
Becoming dissatisfied with the practice of medicine, he went 
to Carlisle in 1850, studied law with his brother, Hon. Sam- 
uel Hepburn, and was admitted to the bar. His health fail- 
ing soon afterwards, he returned to Williamsport, where he 
died as stated above. 

Miss Elizabeth Irvine, whom Dr. Hepburn married May 
23, 1837, was born November 13, 1816. Her grandfather, 
James Irvine, was of Scotch-Irish descent, born in the 
North of Ireland, and came to this country at an early day. 
Her grandmother was Sarah Harris, a relative of the early 
Harris family of Bellefonte. Her father, John Irvine, was 
the eldest son of James and Sarah Harris Irvine. He mar- 
ried Eliza Lamberton, and she became the mother of Mrs. 
Dr. William (Elizabeth) Hepburn. 

Dr. William Hepburn and wife had issue: 

i. Martha Jane, b. April 15, 1838; m. Hon. Henry C. Parsons, of 

Williamsport, October 17, 1865. 
a. William Irvine, b. August 12, 1840. He is engaged as a real 
estate operator in Sioux City, Iowa, and in Wisconsin. Un- 
married. 
Hi. Charles Walker, b. March 25, 1843. He is married and resides in 

Iowa. 
iv. Sarah Harris, unmarried ; resides with her mother in Williams- 
port, 



I50 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

V. Elizabeth, m. Cyrus K. Small September 2, 1874; resides in New 

York City. 
vi. Mary, m. Garret D. Tinsman November 24, 1872; resides in 

Williamsport. 

Hon. Henry C. Parsons, a sketch of whose parents has 
already been given, was born in the borough of Jer- 
sey Shore, February 10, 1834. He removed with his 
parents to Williamsport when a few months old and has re- 
sided here to the present time. When of sufficient age he 
was prepared for college in the schools of his adopted city, 
and in 185 1 he entered the Sophomore class of Brown 
University, Providence, Rhode Island, from which he was 
graduated in 1854. His tastes and opportunities led him 
to embrace the profession of the law, and after a thorough 
course of study in the office of his father, then practicing in 
Philadelphia, he was admitted to the bar in 1857. Return- 
ing to his native county in the fall of that year, he opened a 
law office in Williamsport, and has since practiced there, 
and attained prominence as one of the ablest lawyers of 
Pennsylvania. 

In 1 861 Mr. Parsons enlisted and served as sergeant of 
Company A, Eleventh Pennsylvania Volunteers, and in 1864 
he made a second campaign as captain of Company B, One 
Hundred and Fifteenth Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

He was elected a member of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion of 1873-74, to revise the Constitution of the state, an 
honor he shared with the most distinguished talent of that 
body. 

Mr. Parsons was elected mayor of Williamsport in 1881, 
and his administration, covering the years 1882 and 1883, 
was marked by business-like conduct of the city's affairs. 
When he left the chief magistracy of the city he carried 
with him the thanks and best wishes of his fellow-citizens irre- 
spective of party. Since 1882 he has served as president 
of the West Branch National Bank, of Williamsport, the 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 15 1 

oldest banking house in the city, and is vice-president of the 
Savings Institution of the same city. Mr. Parsons is a Re- 
publican, and belongs to Reno Post, G. A. R., of Williams- 
port. He is in the full prime and vigor of manhood and is 
still actively engaged in the practice of his profession. 

As stated before, Mr. Parsons married Miss Martha J. 
Hepburn, and they have had issue (surname Parsons): 
I. Elizabeth Hepburn. 2. Frank, married Miss Elizabeth 
Watson October 10, 1894. 3. John R. 4. Hepburn. 
5. Harry. 

ANCESTRY OF THE PARSONS FAMILY. 

The following, contributed by the Rev. Horace Edwin 
Hayden, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., was received after the fore- 
going had been printed : 

Cornet Joseph Parsons, of Great Torrington, England, 
came to Massachusetts with Hon. William Pynchon, and 
with him settled Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1636. In 
1655 he left Springfield and was a principal founder of Nor- 
thampton, Massachusetts, where he engaged in the fur trade 
and became a very wealthy man. He declined all offices 
except that of Selectman, which he held for years, and that 
of Cornet, which he received in 1678. The title of Cornet 
was of much more importance then than now. He died 
October 9, 1683. He married, November 26, 1646, at 
Springfield, Mary, daughter of Thomas Bliss. By her he 
had eleven children, of whom three died single. His eldest 
son, Hon. Joseph Parsons, was ancestor of Hon. Levi Par- 
sons Morton, ex-Vice-President of the United States, and 
now Republican Governor-elect (December i, 1894,) of 
New York, and a number of eminent clergymen, physicians 
and lawyers, among whom my father, Hon Edwin Parsons 
Hayden, was not the least. 

Samuel Parsons, the fourth son of Cornet Parsons, born 
January 23, 1652, married, first, about 1677, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Capt. Aaron Cook. She died September 2, 
1690. He married, second, 1691, Rhoda, born September 
26, 1669, daughter of John and Thankful Woodward Taylor. 



152 THE HEPBURN FAMILY, 

He married, third, December 15, 171 1, Mary Wheeler. He 
had— 

1. Samuel, b. 1678; d. 1679. 

2. Samuel, b. 1680; d. 1683. 

3. Eliza, b. 1684. 

4. Jemima, b. 1691. 

5. Rhoda, b. 1694. 

6. Timothy, b. 1696; had three sons. 

7. Hannah, b. 1699. 

8. Simeon, b. 1701 ; had three sons. 

9. Phineas, b. 1704. 

10. Aaron, b. . 

11. Ithamar, b. Durham, Connecticut, 1707, his father hav- 

in^T moved there in 1706. He d. January 21, 1786. 
He had David, Nathan, Rhoda, Sarah, Ithamar, of 
Whitestone, N. Y., Naomi, and Aaron. 

David, the eldest, setded at Granville, Massachusetts, and 
had Col. Seth Parsons, of Granville, and Joel Parsons, the 
father of Hon. Anson V. Parsons, and of Mrs. Eliza Miner, 
of Litchfield, and of Sophronia, Rachel Dennis and Eleanora 
Parsons. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. Horace Edwin Hayden. 



XXXn. Dr. Andrew Hepburn,"* (Andrew Doz,^ James,^ 
Samuel,^) son of Andrew Doz and Martha Huston Hep- 
burn, was born in VVilliamsport, Pa., December 15, 1814. 
His education began in the schools and academy of his 
native town and was completed at Dickinson College, Car- 
lisle. After his graduation he commenced reading medi- 
cine under the direction of his brother. Dr. William Hep- 
burn, who was then following his profession in Mill Hall, 
Clinton County, Pa. He entered Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, in 1840, and, taking a full course, graduated in 
the spring of 1841. 

Dr. Andrew Hepburn married Miss Elizabeth Sharon 
McMeen in 1843. She belonged to the well-known family of 
that name which setded on the river just west of Williams- 




Dr. Andrew Hepbukx, 

Horn 1814. 
Died 1S72. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 153 

port, soon after the close of the Revolutionary war, and was 
a daughter of Col. John McMeen. 

Soon after their marriage they emigrated to Ohio and 
settled at Bellevue. In a short time they removed to Tiffin, 
as Dr. Hepburn believed that that place would be better for 
his profession. Here he remained until 185 i. During this 
time he was actively employed and built up a large practice. 
During the cholera epidemic in Tiffin the exactions of his 
profession were so unremitting that he overtaxed his strength 
and took the " chills and fever," which impaired his health. 
Soon after this he was requested to come to Williamsport 
by his father, as he and his wife were getting old, and she 
was too feeble to keep house. Dr. Hepburn yielded to the 
solicitations of his parents, broke up his home at Tiffin and 
returned to Williamsport. His mother died February 6, 
1852, not long after his return. At Tiffin Dr. Hepburn was 
held in such high esteem by the people that they were 
loth to see him depart. 

At the call for surgeons after the first battle of Bull Run, 
Dr. Hepburn promptly responded, notwithstanding his shat- 
tered health, and repaired to Washington. But owing to his 
physical condition he necessarily remained but a short time. 

Dr. Hepburn continued to make Williamsport his home 
until his death, which occurred June 10, 1872. His wife 
died in June, 1882. They resided in the old homestead on 
the north side of the public square and Market Street. He 
was true to the faith of his fathers and died a staunch Pres- 
byterian, having succeeded his father as elder and superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school in the First Presbyterian 
Church, Williamsport. Dr. Hepburn enjoyed a wide ac- 
quaintance ; was noted for his kindness of heart, purity and 
high integrity of character. As a business man he was con- 
servative and cautious. He inherited considerable real estate 
from his father, and was one of the executors of his large 



154 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

estate. His own will (see Book B, p. 524,) is carefully 
drawn and liberal provision made for his children. 

Dr. Andrew Hepburn and his wife Elizabeth had issue: 

i. Andrew Doz, b. December 23, 1844; unmarried; is a resident of 

Philadelphia. 
a. Clara Elizabeth, b. August 14, 1847; unmarried; resides in Free- 
hold, N. J. 
37. in. Robert Hopewell, b. July 2, 1850; ra. Miss Elizabeth Hunt, of 
Catasaqua, Pa., October 3, 1877 ; resides in Avondale, Chester 
County, Pa. 
iv. William McMeen, b. June 5, 1855; m. Miss Sarah E. Green, of 
Long Branch, N. J., June 2, 1886. Studied medicine and is a 
practicing physician in Freehold, N. J. He is an elder and 
superintendent of the Sunday school of the First Presbyterian 
Church in that place, following the example of his great-grand- 
father James, his grandfather Andrew Doz, and his father, Dr. 
Andrew Hepburn. 

XXXni. Thomas Hepburn,^ (Andrew Doz,^ James,^ 

Samuel,^) born in Williamsport , and died 

August 8, 1873, in Baltimore. He was raised in Williams- 
port and when of sufficient age engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits on one of his father's farms near the city. On the 27th 
of December, 1842, he married Miss Mary Scudder, of 
Trenton, New Jersey, and they settled in Williamsport, in a 
brick house standing on East Third Street, which was built 
by Michael Ross, the founder of Williamsport, about the 
close of the last century. Having become associated with 
the Northern Central Railroad Company, Mr. Hepburn re- 
moved to Baltimore to take charge of a branch of their busi- 
ness in that city. And there he continued to reside until 
the time of his death as already stated. His wife survived 
him till the 20th of January, 1884, when she died. They 
had issue: 

i. Andrew Doz, b. , 1843. He m. Martha P. Fowler, of Cal- 
vert County, Maryland, in 1862, and she d. in 1871. No issue. 
Mr. Hepburn d. in August, 1880. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 155 

a. Charles H., b. July 14, 1845; i"- Laura F., fourth daughter of 
Colonel Edwin and Hannah Megready Wilmer, March 26, 
1874. Issue: I. Florence Wilmer, b. December 30, 1881. 
2. Janette Small, b. September 19, 1883. 3. Alice Blanche, b. 
May 26, 1885; d. in infancy. The family resides in Baltimore. 
Mr. Hepburn is agent for the Erie and Western Transfiortation 
Company, Anchor Line, by lake and rail. 
Hi. jfanette* Scudder (twin with Charles), b. July 14, 1845; m. Ed- 
ward C, son of Henry and Eliza Small, of Limington, Maine, 
in 1864, and he d. April 27, 1876. Issue: i. Edward C, now 
a mining engineer, Denver, Colorado. 2. Ralph D. , lawyer in 
Chicago. 3. James D., student at Princeton, N. J. Mrs. 
Small resides at Hotel Thorndike, Jamestown, R. I. 

DESCENDANTS OF JUDGE HEPBURN, OF CARLISLE. 

XXXIV. Andrew D. Hepburn,^ D. D., LL. D., (Sam- 
uel,^ Andrew Doz,^ James,^ Samuel,^) eldest son of Samuel 
and Rebecca Williamson Hepburn, was born in Williams- 
port, Pa., November 14, 1830. His parents removed to 
Carlisle, Pa., in 1834. Here he pursued his preparatory 
studies and completed the Freshman year at Dickinson Col- 
lege. In 1848 he entered the Sophomore class of Jefferson 
College, Canonsburg, Pa., and was graduated in 185 1. 
After spending two years at the University of Virginia, he 
entered the Theological Seminary at Princeton, and having 
completed the full course of study was graduated in 1857. 
In the same year he was licensed to preach by the Presby- 
tery of Carlisle, and on October 22, 1858, was ordained by 
the Presbytery of Lexington, Virginia. His first and only 
pastoral charge was that of New Providence Church in Rock- 
bridge County, Virginia. In 1859 he was elected professor 
of mental philosophy and rhetoric in the University of 
North Carolina, where he remained until 1867. Having ob- 
tained leave of absence, he spent one year of this period in 

*It will be observed that this is the first departure from the spelling of 
"Janet," which had been in vogue in the family from early Scottish times up 
to 1845. ■'^^^ so far as known, Mrs. Small is the youngest member of the 
Hepburn family bearing the historic name. 



156 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Germany, at the University of Berlin. In 1868 he was 
elected professor of logic and English literature at Miami 
University, Oxford, Ohio, and in 1871 was chosen president 
of that University. In 1874 he was elected professor of 
mental philosophy in Davidson College, North Carolina, 
and in 1877 became president. He returned to Miami Uni- 
versity as professor of rhetoric and English literature in 
1885, and still holds that position. He is the author of a 
Manual of Rhetoric, published in 1874. 

He was married July 10, 1857, to Henrietta, daughter of 
William H. McGuffey, D. D., LL D., of the University of 
Virginia. His two children are Charles McGuffey Hep- 
burn and Henrietta Williamson Hepburn. 

Charles McGuffey, son of Andrew D. and Henrietta 
McGuffey Hepburn, was born in Brownsburg, Rockbridge 
County, Virginia, on August 19, 1858. Most of his child- 
hood was passed at Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In 1868 
his parents removed to Oxford, Ohio. He there attended 
the public schools. In the fall of 1871 he entered the pre- 
paratory department of Miami University, and had completed 
its course and some of the work of the Freshman class, 
when the university closed in the summer of 1873. 

In the autumn of 1874 he entered the Freshman class of 
Davidson College, from which he was graduated as A. B., 
valedictorian, and medalist of the Philanthropic Literary 
Society, in 1878. The two following years were passed at 
the University of Virginia, where he received the degree of 
Bachelor of Law in 1880. During the succeeding college 
year he had charge of the preparatory classes in Davidson 
College. In 1881 he was admitted to practice by the Su- 
preme Court of Ohio. His office has been from the first in 
Cincinnati ; his practice has been exclusively civil. A legal 
treatise by him on the theory and practice of code pleading 
in the statement of a cause of action is announced as in 
preparation. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 157 

He is one of the early members of the Ohio Club and of 
the Young Men's Democratic Club, both of Cincinnati, and 
has long been corresponding secretary of the former organ- 
ization. For some years he has been one of the trustees of 
the Beta Tuela Pi Fraternity. 

Mr. Hepburn was married on October lo, 1 891, to Miss 
Julia Benedict, youngest daughter of the late Rev. Samuel 
Benedict, D. D., long rector of St. Paul P. E. Church, Cin- 
cinnati. There are two children of this marriage, Samuel 
Benedict Hepburn, born August 9, 1892, and Henrietta 
Hepburn, born February 5, 1894. Mr. and Mrs. Hepburn 
reside at Avondale, one of the suburbs of Cincinnati. 

XXXV. Dr. Charles Huston Hepburn,^ (Samuel,^ 
Andrew Doz,^ James,^ Samuel,^) son of Samuel and Rebecca 
Williamson Hepburn, born November i, 1837, at Carlisle; 
died August 13, 1892, suddenly, of apoplexy, while seated 
in a chair in his office. 

After graduating from Dickinson College he entered the 
University of Virginia, where he remained for a short time 
and then went to Europe to pursue his studies in the 
University of Heidelberg. He was then a young man of 
twenty-two, and was appointed vice-consul at Antwerp, 
Belgium. His main purpose, however, was to have the 
range of European institutions of learning. He spent much 
time afterwards at Munich and Dresden. 

Upon his return home he took up the study of law, 
graduated at Harvard Law School, and was admitted to the 
bar of Cumberland County in April, 1863. He practiced 
for a short time, but his characteristic modesty made the 
contentions of legal life distasteful to him, and he soon 
abandoned it for the reason that he did not care to present 
a case in court. He then served for some years as cashier 
of the First National Bank, Carlisle, when he turned his at- 
tention to the study of medicine and graduated from Jeffer- 



158 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

son Medical College. He also spent some time in his earlier 
years in the Academy of Design, New York City. 

Soon after the founding of the Indian Training School at 
Carlisle, he was appointed as physician to the school, al- 
though the benefit of his knowledge of education and edu- 
cational institutions was one of the objects. After spending 
some time in that capacity he was made chief clerk, which 
position he held until his death, and in which he served the 
institution to good advantage. He was a member of the 
commission which settled the Indian difficulties in the Sioux 
country several years ago. 

In 1883 he was elected a member of the Carlisle School 
Board and served in that capacity until his death. He was 
president of the board for some years, and was re-elected 
within a few months of his decease. 

Personally he was of a retiring disposition and his aver- 
sion to anything like notoriety was so great as to prove a 
barrier in the way of advancement to positions for which he 
was eminently fitted ; and only in recent years such persons as 
were closely associated with him were aware of his remark- 
able attainments. He was not only scholarly but brilliant, 
and with all his study seemed to forget nothing. He had 
qualities which would have insured success in any profes- 
sion, yet he followed none. He was a fine conversationalist, 
full of anecdote and reminiscence, and by his urbane and 
pleasing manners drew around him many admiring friends. 
As a member of the school board his varied attainments were 
apparent, yet he always avoided the public duties it entailed. 
Even at the last commencement, after having done a greater 
part of the preliminary work, he refused to preside on Com- 
mencement Day. 

At his funeral the school board attended in a body. The 
pall-bearers were Congressman F. E. Beltzhoover, Joseph 
Bosler, A. J. Standing, Dr. J. R. Bixler, W. A. Hippie and R. 
P. Henderson. The services were conducted by Rev. Mc- 




SAMUEL HEPBURN, JR. 

BORN 1839 DIED 1890 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 159 

Millan, of the Episcopal Church, and his remains were laid 
at rest in the Old Graveyard. Dr. Hepburn never married. 

XXXVI. Samuel Hepburn, Jr.,^ (Samuel,'' Andrew D.," 
James,- Samuel,^) born December 30, 1839, at Carlisle, Pa, 
son of Samuel and Rebecca Williamson Hepburn, died at 
sea on board the steamer Iroquois, off Charleston, S. C, 
March 28, 1890. Mr. Hepburn, accompanied by his son 
Charles, had gone to New York to take the steamer for 
Florida. He had been in bad health for some time and it 
was thought a sea voyage and sojourn in Florida would be 
beneficial. When near Charleston he had a recurrence of 
heart trouble, and on the 28th of March he died, suddenly, 
of apoplexy. His remains were brought home from Charles- 
ton and buried in Ashland Cemetery, Carlisle. 

As remarked by one of his contemporaries, Mr. Hepburn 
entered the Carlisle bar well equipped by education, training, 
heredity and mode of thought, for the high duties of his 
office. After passing through the public schools of his 
native town and entering Dickinson College, and later the 
University of Virginia, he went to Europe, where he was 
connected with the Consulate at Antwerp under the U. S. 
Consul, Hon. J. W. Quiggle, for some time, which gave 
him an excellent opportunity to pursue his studies abroad. 
He afterwards spent considerable time in the Universities of 
Berlin and Heidelberg; and before his return home he 
traveled extensively in southern Europe. The facility with 
which he acquired a foreign language was remarkable; he 
was a thorough French, German and Italian scholar, con- 
versing with ease in any of these languages, and this knowl- 
edge was invaluable to him in his profession. 

The Carlisle Volunteer, under date of April 2, 1890, 
pays him this handsome tribute: 

Samuel Hepburn, Jr., was the son of ex-Judge Samuel 
Hepburn. He entered Dickinson College but did not grad- 
uate. He then entered the University of Virginia, and later 



l60 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

went to Europe and entered the University of Berlin. Re- 
turning home, he read law with his father and was admitted 
to the Carlisle bar. His great legal ability was soon recog- 
nized and brought to him the most lucrative practice at the 
bar. This he easily held. But his reputation a.s a lawyer 
was not simply local. His ability was recognized before 
the Supreme Court, and his practice before that court em- 
braced the most important of the Cumberland County 
appeals. 

He was a great lawyer. Coupled with a thorough knowl- 
edge of all the intricacies of the law, he had the faculty of 
gra.sping a subject in its entirety, selecting the salient points 
and then presenting them with a clearness and force that 
was most convincing to court and jury. It is no difficult 
matter to recall instances when others faltered, he, farther- 
sighted, presented some new feature of the case — usually a 
point ol law — that won the verdict. He was an original 
thinker, clear and correct, and this, together with his frank- 
ness of statement and honesty of purpose, gave his opinions 
weight. A leading characteristic of the man was his won- 
derful retentive faculty. He could go through the most in- 
tricate case and pile up testimony, and yet so clear would be 
his recollection that he could correct the slightest contradic- 
tion in testimony, and an appeal to the stenographer's notes 
almost invariably substantiated his claims. A firm friend 
or a bitter enemy — there was no treachery in his make-up, 
and even his antagonisms gained for him respect. 

At a meeting of the bar, previous to the funeral, eulogistic 
addresses were made by a number of members, when Mr. 
Weakley presented the following resolutions: 

Samuel Hepburn, Jr., for more than twenty-five years an 
attorney and counselor of the Cumberland County Bar ; a 
man conspicuous for his attractions in appearance and man- 
ner; gifted with unusual mental endowments; courteous in 
his professional and social intercourse with all men ; a gen- 
tlem.an of liberal education, whose acquaintance was prized 
by men of professional and social eminence throughout the 
state ; a carefully trained lawyer who brought to his profes- 
sional career ripe scholarship and wide knowledge of the 
world ; who devoted himself entirely to his profession and 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. l6l 

won in it with ease an honorable and conspicuous rank ; 
who always displayed a chivalric devotion to the interest of 
his clients; whose forensic efforts before the court and jury, 
through a long and brilliant career, won the admiration of 
rivals as of friends ; whose liberality and benevolence of 
thought and act were spontaneous and unceasing; who com- 
manded without effort, and held with a firm grasp, a wide 
and growing circle of friends ; whose strength grew rapidly 
with his years and who even in defeat increased his profes- 
sional reputation with every contest; in the maturity of his 
manhood, with the fairest promise that his bright career 
would continue to the full measure of human life, has 
been suddenly called from earth. 

That his memory may be preserved for the profession 
which he loved, and that it may be known that we appre- 
ciate his labors, his learning, his gendeness of character, his 
brilliant achievements, we write on the record of the court: 

That we deplore his untimely end. 

That we recognize in sorrow that we have been deprived 
of the stimulus of his professional power. 

That for ourselves we mourn the loss t)f one whose gen- 
erous courtesy claimed our constant esteem and friendship, 
and for the community the loss of one of its brightest, most 
generous and most conspicuous members. 

That we tender to his bereaved family our condolence 
for their irreparable loss, and the assurance that the esteem 
and friendship we now express for him will extend to them 
as long as memory lasts. 

This magnificent tribute was signed by J. M. Weakley, C. 
P. Humrich, John Hays, J. W. Wetzel and E. W. Biddle. 
Remarks were then made by members of the committee, 
touching on their personal and business relations with him, 
and speaking in the highest terms of his recognized ability 
and the loss his death would be to the community. Mr. 
Graham, of W^est Pennsboro, said the news of his death 
created in the rural districts an impression similar to that 
caused by the death of Lincoln and Garfield. The bar then 
adjourned and attended the funeral in a body. 



1 62 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

The following memorial, written by Louis W. Hall, Esq., 
is taken from the Harrisburg Patriot, of April i, 1890: 

IN MEMORIAM. 

Samuel Hepburn, Jr., was one of the best of Pennsyl- 
vania's lawyers, — indeed, he would have ranked one of the 
foremost of any bar in or out of the state. As an all-round 
lawyer he had few equals and no superiors. He was able, 
forcible and lucid. In perception he was strong and clear. 
In style, ornate without being either incipid or meretricious. 
Free from pedantry and unpleasant affectation, he showed 
that he was master of his subject, having the ability to ex- 
press his ideas in choicest English and fewest words. A 
born lawyer, he was both brilliant and clever, stating the 
real point of a case and confining his argument to it. 

Samuel Hepburn, Jr., was endowed with a wonderful intel- 
lect. Had he lived and practiced law in New York, Phila- 
delphia or Chicago instead of Carlisle, where opportunities 
would have drawn him out, he would have been regarded 
as one of the best lawyers of the land. Handsome, ac- 
complished, talented, generous, his death will be an irrepara- 
ble loss to the bar of the state. 

No higher tribute need be added than has already been 
paid him in the above extracts from the notices of his death 
contained in the leading publications of his section of the 
state, and the contributions from his brother members of the 
bar. 

Samuel Hepburn, Jr., married, first, Maria Parker Moore, 
by whom he had two children, viz. : 

i. Maria Moore, b. December, 1865 ; d. February, 1869. 
ii. Samuel Moore, b. March, 1867 ; now a civil engineer. 

Mrs. Hepburn died in 1870, when Samuel Hepburn, Jr., 
married, second, Marie Japy, by whom he had six chil- 
dren, viz.: 

/. Charles Japy, b. September, 1872; now pursuing the study of 

law in Washington, D. C. 
ii. William Wlliamson, h. 'November, iSj 2; now at Avondale, Pa. 
Hi. Louis Frederic, b. January, 1875. 

iv. Arthur Japy, b. October, 1877; entered U. S. Naval Academy, 
Annapolis, Md., in 1893. 




ROBERT HOPEWELL HEPBURN 

EORN 1350 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 163 

V. Marie Louise, b. August, 1879. 
vi. Donald Mc Knight, h. June, 1 881. 

DESCENDANT OF DR. ANDREW HEPBURN. 

XXXVII. Robert Hopewell Hepburn,^ (Andrew,^ 
Andrew D./'^ James ^ Samuel/) born July 2, 1850, at Tiffin, 
Ohio, son of Andrew and Elizabeth McMeen Hepburn, being 
named after Capt. Robert Ritchie of Revolutionary fame, one 
of his great-grandfathers on his mother's side, and Judge 
Hopewell Hepburn, of Pittsburg, his great-uncle (Hopewell 
being the family name of the Judge's mother), came to Wil- 
liamsport with his parents when a year old, where he re- 
mained until he grew up, making it practically his native 
city. 

He was a member of the class of 1871 of Princeton Col- 
lege, also of the well known " Whig " Literary Society and 
the Fraternity of Zeta Psi of that University. He is Past 
Eminent Commander of the Knights Templar, Pa.st High 
Priest of the Royal Arch Masons, Past Master Blue Lodge 
Masons and a Thirty-second Degree Mason. 

When emergency men were called out in 1863 during the 
invasion of Pennsylvania by the rebels, and just previous 
to the battle of Gettysburg, he surreptitiously left home 
with them, attaching himself to Company B, Fourth 
Regiment; not being quite 15 years of age he could not be 
enrolled among the members. He participated in the riots 
of 1877 as a private, until the attack upon the troops at Read- 
ing, when he acted as Lieutenant of Company I, Fourth 
Regiment, N. G. P., having arrived home from South Amer- 
ica too late to reach Williamsport and go out with his home 
company. 

In 1873 he returned from his position as cashier of an 
insurance broker's office in New York City to become gen- 
eral manager of the Black Marble operations in the Mos- 
quito Valley, and is still interested with the estate of the 



1 64 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

late Col. J. D. Potts in this property, having had charge of 
the prospecting and testing of this marble since 1890. 

In 1875 he went to Central America and the East; re- 
turning from there he went to South America, traversing 
the entire continent. He was connected prominently with 
the expedition in 1878 to build the Maderia and Mamore 
Railroad (Brazil) in the heart of South America, from San 
Antonio to Mojimerim, 189 miles. This effort is generally 
known as the " Collins Expedition," of which the frightful 
mortality among the employes created consternation in this 
countr)'. The conducting of the Delaware River tugboats, 
the "Brazil" and "Juno," from Philadelphia to Brazil, ot 
which he had charge, was considered one of the most dan- 
gerous exploits that had been undertaken from this country, 
particularly so, as the English had tried several times to 
send some of their tugs to Para and signally failed. These 
boats were 100, and 85 feet long, drawing 10 and 8 feet ot 
water, respectively. They sailed 3,000 miles straight to sea 
from Philadelphia, and after being four days without water, 
breaking down in a West Indian hurricane, and many other 
dangerous experiences, arrived at Para, Brazil, with every 
pound of coal in the furnances of the Juno and but one-half 
ton left in the bunkers of the Brazil. The hazard of this 
undertakfng elicited the remark from a friend : " Well, they 
couldn't find anybody else to go out in charge of these 
boats, so they hunted up you." 

After some time spent in Europe and South America he 
settled with his family at Avondale, Chester County, Pa , in 
1883, as treasurer of the Baker Lime Company, Limited, 
which was succeeded in April, 1887, by the Acme Lime 
Company, Limited, of which he was made chairman. It 
was while he was thus engaged that a valuable deposit of 
marble was located by himself and others on the property 
of the company of which he was chairman, causing, in 
June, 1893, the industries to be incorporated under the title 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. l6$ 

of the Avondale Marble Company, of which he was made 
president. This deposit of marble, at present, gives promise 
of being one of the largest and finest veins in this country, 
rivaling the famous Vermont and Georgia deposits, and 
having considerable advantage over them in its location in 
relation to the large trade centres. He is also a director in 
other corporations. 

Robert Hopewell Hepburn married October 3, 1877, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua and Gwenllian Thomas Hunt 
(Joshua Hunt being very prominent in the iron industries of 
the country,) and granddaughter of David Thomas, famous 
as the first successful maker of anthracite iron in the United 
States, and commonly referred to as the " Father of the Iron 
Interests of Pennsylvania," by whom he has "had four chil- 
dren, viz. : 

t. Gwenllian, b. September 19, 1878. 

ii. Andrezv Hopewell, b. March 6, 1880. 

Hi. George Hunt, b. September 17, 188 1. 

iv. Joshua Hunt, b. August 28, 1 889. 

HEPBURNS OF CLEARFIELD COUNTY, PA. 

William Hepburn, born in Donegal, Ireland, about 1779, 
was of Scotch descent, his ancestors having been driven 
from Scotland on account of their religious belief He 
came to America about 1801 or 1802, and in 1803 made his 
way up the West Branch of the Susquehanna from Wil- 
liamsport and settled in the wilderness four miles above 
what is now Curwensville, and one and a half miles from 
the river. There he located a tract of land and commenced 
clearing a farm. The records show that he obtained a war- 
rant (No. 6,031) for 409 acres and 150 perches under date 
of April 10, 1806, for which he paid ^30.39. The patent 
was issued June 4, 181 1. This land laid in what was then 
Pike (now Penn) Township. 

He married, first, about 18 14, Miss Mary McCracken, 
and they had issue : 



1 66 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

i. James, b. , 1815; d. , 1837; unmarried. 

a. Samuel Coleman, b. June 12, 18 17. He m. Miss Cyn- 
thia Hoover April 17, 1843. Her parents were 
early settlers on the river a short distance above the 
town of Clearfield, where she was b. November 20, 
1824. They had issue: i. Joseph, b. May 6, 1845. 
Is married and lives at Ludington City, Michigan. 
2. Erastus W., b. January 13, 1847. Is married and 
lives in Pennville, Clearfield County, Pa. 3. Mary 
E., b. May 13, 1849. Married William Moore and 
resides in Pennville. 4. Levi S., b. November i, 
185 1. Married and lives in the borough of Penn- 
ville. 5. Samuel T., b. September 20, 1853. Mar- 
ried and lives in Pennville. 6. Martha Elizabeth, b. 
May 17, 1856. Married Edward Tozier, of Curwens- 
ville. 7. Thomas Ross, b. October 18, i860. Mar- 
ried and lives in Escanaba, Michigan. 8. Lulu, b. 
April 7, 1867. Single; resides with her parents in 
Pennville. 

Hi. John, b. , 182 1 ; married Hulda McDonald. 

They live at Bell's Landing, Clearfield County, and 
have had issue: i. William. 2. James.* 3. Mary 
Ellen. 4. John DeWitt. 5. Hulda M. 6. Martha. 
7. Alexander. 8. Charles. • 

Mrs. Hepburn, the first, having died, William Hepburn 
married, second, Martha Porter, of Williamsport, and she 
had one daughter, named Catharine, born in 1823.. She 
married James Thompson, late of Curwensville, and they 
had three sons and five daughters. The wife of ex-Sheriff 
Mahaffey, and proprietor oi the Windsor Hotel, Clearfield, 
is one of the daughters. 

William Hepburn, progenitor of the family, died in June, 
1854, and letters of administration on his estate were taken 
out by his son, Samuel Coleman, and son-in-law, James 
Thompson. 



*In a list of the early members of the bar of Clearfield appears the name 
of James Hepburn. He was admitted to practice in 1822. What became of 
him is unknown. 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 167 

Soon after his settlement in the wilderness near where the 
Boone family, of Williamsport, had located, Dr. Samuel 
Coleman came from Williamsport, and purchased a tract of 
land and set about clearing up a farm. The latter named 
the Grampian Hills, becau.se they reminded him of his 
native place in Scotland. Dr. Coleman was a neighbor and 
friend of William Hepburn ; also of James Fleming, a 
brother-in-law of Hepburn, they having married sisters, the 
Misses McCracken. Hepburn named his second son Samuel 
Coleman, after the Doctor, and Fleming named one of his 
sons after him also. 

Dr. Coleman * evidently was greatly pleased at having 
these two boys named for him, for in his will he devised 
" unto Samuel Coleman Hepburn and Samuel Coleman 
Fleming, one-half of two tracts of land (about one thousand 
acres), one-half of each to be selected by my executors." 
These lands had been purchased at treasurer's sale by Dr. 
Coleman in partnership with Arthur Bell. But through lack 
of attention on the part of the executors in keeping the 
taxes paid up they were sold again and the two namesakes 
of Dr. Coleman never realized an acre of what had been willed 
to them by their generous friend. These lands long since be- 
came valuable on account of the pine timber which covered 
them, and to-day they are worth considerable money. 

Samuel Coleman Hepburn is now living with his wife and 
daughter, at the age of 'j'] , in Pennville,t having retired from 

* Dr. Samuel Coleman succeeded Dr. William Kent Lathy as the second 
resident physician of Williamsport about 1804. In 1808 he located in Clear- 
field County and died in 1819. He left a request in his will to be dressed in 
his best suit of clothes and buried in one of his fields. As he was the first 
resident physician of Clearfield County, the Medical Society a few years ago 
raised a monument over his grave. After remembering his two namesakes he 
willed all of his estate to Joseph Boone and family. He was unmarried, 
and never would divulge his paternity. 

"("The post-office for this borough is called "Grampian," and it (the bor- 
ough) lies at the terminus of the Tyrone and ClearfL-id I'.ailroad, twelve miles 
from Clearfield Town. 



l68 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

active business. His father was a relative of James, Wil- 
liam, Samuel and John Hepburn, of Williamsport and Nor- 
thumberland, but in what degree he cannot tell. They 
were probably second cousins. 

Samuel Coleman Hepburn and his wife, Cynthia, cele- 
brated their golden wedding April 17, 1893. The occasion 
was a joyous one. The guests were first entertained at the 
Hepburn residence, where congratulations were extended 
and old memories revived. At one o'clock the large com- 
pany assembled in the public hall, where a royal feast was 
served 'by friendly hands. The old folks' table was the 
table of distinction and around it were gathered the follow- 
ing prominent people: Major Luther was accorded the posi- 
tion of toast-master, and Mr. and Mrs. Samuel C. Hepburn 
were seated at his left. Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Moore, Mr. 
and Mrs. Thomas Moore, Mr. and Mrs. William Smith, Mr. 
and Mrs. James Smith, Joseph Davis and wife, Elisha Davis 
and wife, G. P. Doughman and wife, Levi Speice and wife, J. 
P. Farwell and wife, Mrs, Catherine Thompson, Mrs. James 
Mclntire, I. B. Norris and wife, M. G. Bloom and wife, Mrs. 
T. J. Murphy, Mrs. J. Crossley, Mrs. Ross Hoover, Mrs. 
Sultzbaugh, Mrs. Jonathan Wall, Mrs. Anderson and others 
whose names we failed to get. 

At the other table was a younger set from all parts of the 
county, G. W. Spiece and wife, of Ramey ; Milton Spiece 
and wife, of Madera ; Dr. Currier and wife, Mr. and Mrs. 
Quigley, C. L. Frank and wife, Mrs. Jesse Spencer, DuBois; 
Jack Thompson and wife, Mrs. Will H. Thompson, Cur- 
wensville; Chandler Bloom and Miss Haywood, James 
Leavy, Clearfield; Conductor Hallahan, Insurance Agent 
Shires and many others. 

While all were enjoying the dinner the merriment went the 
rounds in wave after wave. One party remarked that " the 
man who could live with one woman for fifty years deserved 
such a grand time," while the ladies declared that "the 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 169 

woman who could live with a man for fifty years and tol- 
erate him a couple of years before marriage, deserves even 
more than this." 

The after dinner exercises consisted of a solo on the 
violin by Major Luther, after which Miss Bessie Hepburn 
recited the following poem: 

grandma's golden wedding. 
In olden times, I have been told, 

When husband chose a wife, 
One wedding seemed the twain to hold 
Through all their mortal life. 

In modern times, if for five years, 

The bond has holden good, 
People are coming, it appears, 

To wed again with wood. 

If for ten years the twain abide. 

Again the friends come in 
To clasp the knot so firmly tied. 

In wedding called the tin. 

And yet again, the tried and true, 

When five years more shall pass, 
Are wont to celebrate anew 

Their wedding termed the glass. 

The Hymen's bond the people learn, 

Grows dear in growing old. 
And hence they celebrate in turn 

With China, Silver, Gold. 

Thus far they journeyed on their way 

Till fifty years from starting, 
And are not you prepared to say 

That they are bent on partmg? 

A cordial greeting they extend 

To all whose presence bright, 
Combines a social joy to lend 

On this, their Golden Night. 

Unitedly they pledge you all, 

But not in sparkling wine, 
Oh may their loved ones never fall 

Before the mocking shrine. 



170 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

Then fill the glass for each to-night, 

From nature's crystal tide, 
That which has sparkled bright and pure 

Since Grandma became a bride. 

How rapidly through all these years 

Life's moments have been fleeting, 
Bringing them mingled joys and tears, 

Sad parting and fond greeting. 

Eight children from their little band 

Now call them father, mother. 
While two are in a distant land, 

Joe and Tom, his brother. 

And thus our God in giving joy 

Hath not forgotten chiding. 
All earthly bliss has some alloy 

And may not prove abiding. 

Yet all along the lights hath shone 

Above the fleeting shadows 
Which sometimes settle darkly down 

As fog upon the meadows. 

And while the rain may fall to-day, 

The sun will shine to-morrow. 
And thus our Father hath always 

Dispelled the clouds of sorrow. 

How grateful for the tender care 

Which thus far has been o'er them. 
We'll trust our Father to prepare 

The way that lies before them. 

In the parlor of the Hepburn residence were displayed 
many beautiful and golden tokens of love and affection, laid 
upon the half century marriage altar by relatives and 
friends. The occasion was one long to be remembered by 
the principals and their friends. 



HEPBRON FAMILY, OF MARYLAND. 
As early as 1668 — possibly earlier — James and Joseph 
Hepbron emigrated from Scotland and settled on the head- 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. I/I 

waters of Fishing Creek, in what was afterwards Cecil 
County, Maryland. It is now known as Lloyd's Creek, and 
is in Kent County. Joseph never married and died without 
issue ; James married and from him all of the name now 
living in Kent County claim their descent. Concerning the 
history of the family, Sewell Hepbron, a descendant, left the 
following data : 

" James * leased or patented a large body of land from 
the Lord Proprietor of the Province of Maryland, all of 
which has been sold or alienated from the family, except a 
small farm of about 200 acres now belonging to Thomas 
Hepbron. On this farm, which was never sold, is situated 
the family burying ground in which lie buried all of the 
Hepbrons that died in this county previous to the year 1829, 
and some who have died since. 

" The name, as I find from old papers and parchments, 
has been variously spelled Hepbron, Hepbourn, Hepron and 
Hepburn, which last mode, I have no doubt, is the correct 
way of spelling it. I have seen the old parchment for the 
first grant of land to James Hepbron, as the name was then 
spelled, from Lord Baltimore. It was burned, with many 
other old and quaint relics, with the old mansion, about the 
year 1844. 

" The first generation or two in this country (as I suppose 
they were in Scotland), were Catholics; but I find (History 
of Old Kent, p. 356), that on April 2, 1716, (Records of 
Shrewsbury Parish), Thomas Hepbourn was elected one of 
the vestrymen, and again on April 6, 1724. I find that 
Sewell Hepbron was register, and his son, Sewell S. Hep- 
bron, rector of I. U. Parish. 



*0n page 530, Vol. i, of Sabines Loyalists of the Revolution, occurs this 
reference: "Hepburn, James, of North Carolina. He was attached to a 
corps of Loyalists as seci-etary, and in 1776 was taken prisoner and confined. 
He was in New York in 1782, and a notary public." Possibly he was a de- 
scendant of James Hepbron, of Maryland. 



172 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

" Much that I have written I have gathered from my old 
uncle, Thomas Hepbron. He used to delight me much 
when a boy by exhibiting to us boys the old family jewels 
that had descended to him as the oldest male heir. Among 
them were many quaint old rings, knee and shoe buckles, 
bracelets, etc., of massive gold set with brilliants, which 
were heirlooms of the family, and had regularly descended 
from his Scottish ancestors. 

" I have been with him to the family grave-yard where 
he has pointed out the spot where old James Hepbron lies 
buried, and over whose grave is now growing a large walnut 
tree. In searching the records of this county you will find 
the name but rarely mentioned. The Hepbrons were a 
quiet, honest and unobtrusive race. Not one of them, up 
to this time (1875), that I have ever heard of, has ever held 
or asked for an office." 

Another descendant, W. Hepbron, writes under date of 
April II, 1 89 1, to a member of the Williamsport family, 
from whose letter the following extracts are taken : 

" I have always understood from the old heads of our 
family that we are of Scottish descent, and that we were 
mixed up in some way with the Earls of Bothwell; also 
that the name of Hepburn has its origin in two rivers of 
Scotland. 

"The original papers of the land grant from Lord Balti- 
more to Thomas Hepbron were burned years ago with the 
old mansion house. * * * w/^e lost a Samuel Hepbron 
years ago, I am told. He left home on horseback to go to 
Philadelphia to buy goods and no account has been heard of 
him since, though my father, James Hepbron, used every 
means possible to find what became of him. My father, I 
am told, got the horse he rode. 

" My uncle Sewell, now dead, took a great interest in 
hunting up the records of the family, and for the history we 
now have we are indebted to his efforts. I am sure that I 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 1/3 

have heard him say that there was a branch of the family 
at Wiliiamsport, Pa., and that the Hepburns were the build- 
ers of the place. * * * It is a singular fact that the old 
names have been kept in the family. We have two Louis 
Hepbrons — their names were never spelled Lewis, but 
Louis." 

The most striking of the names that have been preserved 
on the female side of the house are Janet, and on the male 
side Samuel, James and John. Janet has been handed down 
from Patrick Hepburn, the first Earl of Bothwell (1488- 
1508), who married hady Janet Douglas, who became the 
mother of three sons and three daughters, one of whom 
was named Janet, and the name has been handed down to 
the present time. From this Earl it is believed that all the 
early Hepburns in America were descended. 



THE CONNECTICUT BRANCH. 

Three brothers named Hepburn settled in Connecticut at 
an early period in the history of New England. Mrs. Mary 
A. (Hepburn) Smith, of Milford, Connecticut, and a descend- 
ant, writes that their names were Patrick, James and John. 
One of the brothers, it seems, had become involved in some 
rebellion or conspiracy, and fled from Scotland about 1680. 
It is probable that it was what is known in history as the 
Oates Rebellion. In a short time his two brothers came, to 
be with him, and make a home here. Mrs. Smith says: 

" They must have been of some importance, as they 
brought a copy of their coat of arms, a canteen or drinking 
cup (as they called it), which was a gourd shell mounted in 
silver and inscribed on the top : ' Patrick Hepburn, Abbey- 
millom, 1640.' Also silver shoe and knee buckles. I have 
in my possession a little trunk which, tradition asserts, was 
brought by them also. 



174 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

" My great-grandfather, Peter Hepburn, was a sea captain, 
and having a cargo for Glasgow, took the papers in his 
possession with the intention of proving his identity and 
claiming property to which he and his relatives were enti- 
tled. The story handed down to us was this: After dis- 
charging his cargo he took the papers and went twelve 
miles up the Clyde, visited the church, had a long conver- 
sation with the sexton, who said his father was sexton be- 
fore him and he had often heard him tell of the brothers 
leaving home, etc. Great-grandfather made an appointment 
to go the next day and attend to the business of establish- 
ing his claim. He then returned to Glasgow and remained 
at the inn near the wharf over night. While eating his 
breakfast next morning the inn-keeper came in with a news- 
paper in his hand saying : ' Great news, great news this 
morning ! ' ' What news ? ' ' Why, the King has declared 
the colonies in rebellion, and I hope he will hang every 
mother's son of them ! ' 

" Great-grandfather continued his breakfast, but, as he often 
said in relating it, kept up a deil of a thinking as to what 
he had better do if the news were true, finally saying to 
himself, ' Peter Hepburn, you have a wife and children across 
this big pond ; which are of more importance, family his- 
tory, lands, etc., or your duty to them?' Turning to the 
inn-keeper he said: 'There is one thing he will have to do 
before he hangs them.' ' What is that ?' ' He will have to 
catch them first.' 

" By that time he had made up his mind to put his ship 
in ballast and cut for home, where he arrived in safety, 
trusting to the future for the establishing of claims. 

" The place twelve miles from Glasglow was no doubt 
Bothwell Castle and manse where he was to examine the 
records. My theory is that we descended from George, son 
of the second Earl of Bothwell, and they lived in Humbick ; 
my father said a place that sounds 'Ambic' 



THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 175 

" In the life of Sir John Hepburn, by James Grant, there 
is a description of that home, and also the giving to Isa- 
bella, his sister, by George, of the Abbeymill property. 

" There is not much doubt as to the brothers who came 
here in 1680 being Catholics, as you will remember there is 
nothing said of Protestantism in Scotland until Queen 
Mary's and John Knox's time, which was in the latter part 
of the third Earl of Bothwell and the commencement of the 
fourth Earl's [James Hepburn] time. It is said he became 
a Protestant, and that was one of the reasons why Mary's 
half-brother, Murray, was so bitter against him. Although 
he is defamed in history, I have always had great sympathy 
for him, and judge him by the time he lived in. 

" The immediate ancestors of the Pennsylvania branch 
probably fled to the north of Ireland and there embraced 
the Protestant faith. I have visited among some of the 
Maryland Hepbrons. I do not think any of them are 
Romanists at this time. * * * Xhe Wilkes-Barre Hep- 
burns are of the Connecticut branch. I have never heard 
from what the family took its name. I do not think it has 
ever been considered a clan, but a family, great and power- 
ful, as far back as 1200. They were not Border High- 
landers, but educated people for the times." 

Mrs. Smith, who spent tnany years of her married life in 
New York, has, since the death of her husband, occupied 
the ancestral home at Milford, Connecticut, during the sum- 
mer months, and the winter season in Washington City. 
For several years she has been engaged in collecting the 
genealogy and history of her branch of the family, with 
the view of publishing it for the benefit of the numerous 
descendants of Patrick, James and John Hepburn. 

HON. W. p. HEPBURN, OF IOWA. 

James Hepburn, a native of Scotland, came to this coun- 
try during the latter part of the last century and settled in 



1/6 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

New York City. He married Miss Frances Lynch, a lady 
of German descent. They had issue : 

i. Samuel, 
ii. Frances. 

Hi. James S., h. January i, i8oo. 
w. Fred&rick. 

V. Ellen. 

James S., the third child, was a cadet at the United States 
Military Academy, West Point, July 31, 1814, to July i, 
1819, when he was graduated and appointed Second Lieu- 
tenant, Corps of Artillery ; transferred to the Fourth Artil- 
lery June I, 1 821; transferred to the Second Artillery Au- 
gust 16, 1 82 1, and resigned October i, 1824. After leaving 
the service he was a physician at New Orleans, La., where 
he died May 2, 1833, aged 33 years, 4 months and i day. 

He married Miss Ann F., daughter of Dr. Hanson Cat- 
lett, surgeon in the United States Army, at Pittsburg, Pa. 
They had seven children, of whom but the following sur- 
vive : 

i. William Peters Hepburn, b. November 4, 1833, ^^ 

Wellsville, Columbiana County, Ohio. 
ii. Fannie M. 

William Peters, the son, was taken to Iowa (then a terri- 
tory) in April, 1841. He was educated in the schools of 
the territory and in a printing office. Studied law and was 
admitted to practice law in 1854; served in the Second Iowa 
Cavalry as Captain, Major and Lieutenant Colonel during 
the war of the Rebellion. He was a delegate from Iowa to 
the Republican National Convention of i860 and 1888; was 
a Presidential Elector-at- Large for the state of Iowa in 1876 
and 1888. Colonel Hepburn was elected to the Forty- 
seventh, Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses and re- 
elected to the Fifty-third Congress as a Republican, receiv- 
ing 20,219 votes over Thomas H. Maxwell, Democrat, who 
received 15,968; Scott, Populist, who received 3,687 votes, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 177 

and Dobbs, Prohibitionist, who received 834 votes, and re- 
elected to the Fifty-fourth Congress by a large plurality. 
Colonel Hepburn's place of residence is Clarinda, Page 
County, Iowa. 

ANCESTRY AND HISTORY OF A. B, HEPBURN. 

Hon. A. B. Hepburn, president of the Third National 
Bank, New York, and Comptroller of the Currency during 
the last year of President Harrison's administration, is a de- 
scendant of Peter Hepburn, a native of Scotland, and who 
died in Stratford, Connecticut, in 1742. His wife was Sarah 
Hubbell, of Newtown, Connecticut, and after the death of her 
husband she returned there to live with her three younger 
children. Their children, all born in Stratford, were: 
i. Joseph, b. October 1 1, 1729. 

ii. Peter, b. April 24, 1732. 

Hi. Sarah, b. July 24, 1736. 

iv. George, b. May 12, 1739. 

Joseph, their eldest son, married Eunice Burton, of Strat- 
ford, daughter of Judson Burton and Eunice Lewis. She 
was born in 1732, and admitted to full membership and 
communion in the Congregational Church, of Stratford, at 
the age of ten years. Joseph, first, and Eunice were mar- 
ried November 4, 175 i, and had issue, all born in Statford : 
i. Joseph, second, b. July 28, 175-. 

ii. Silas, b. February , 1756. 

Hi. Lewis, b. October , 1763. 

iv. Patrick, b. October , 1766. 

V. George, b. September , 1768. 

vi. Eunice, b. , ; m. Miles Hotchkiss. 

vii. Sarah, b. , ; never married. 

via. Ana, b. , . 

Joseph, second, born July 28, 1752, married Hannah 
Lobdell, and they settled in Hotchkisstown, Connecticut, 
now VVestville, on the outskirts of New Haven, where they 
lived for some years. They had issue : 



178 THE HEPBURN FAMH.Y. 

i. Patrick, b. February i, 1778; m. June 25, 1808, Sallie 

Hitchcock. 
a. Almena, b. May 9, 1779. 

in. Roderick, b. February 3, 1780; m. Amarilla Hitch- 
cock. 
iv. Betsy, b. December 19, 1780. 
V. Vileroy, b. August 7, 1783. 
vi. Martha, b. February 2, 1786. 

vii. Marhetta, b. July, , 1787. 

Tiii. Siiderick, b. May 23, 1789. 
ix. Hannah, b. October 21, 1792. 
X. Joseph, b. October 30, 1794. 
xi. Pliny, b. December 5, 1796. 
xii. Zina E., b. October 13, 1798, in Middlebury, Vermont. 

Zina E. Hepburn, born October 13, 1798; died Septem- 
ber 14, 1874. He married Beulah Gray, who was born 
March 16, 1807, in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., and is still 
living. They had issue, all born at Colton, St. Lawrence 
County, N. Y., excepting the eldest, who was born at Wad- 
dington, same County : 

i. CJiloe I., b. June 16, 1830; d. November 17, 1866. 

a. George W., b. July 3, 1832. 

Hi. Cocdelia ^., b. July 28, 1834. 

iv. Edzuin B., b. April 30, 1837. 

V. Hawley S., b. March 2, 1840. 

vi. Alomo Barton, b. July 24, 1846. 

vii. Myron H., b. November 25, 1849. 

Alonzo Barton Hepburn,^ (Zina,'* Joseph,^ Joseph,^ 
Peter,!) y^Q^n in Colton, New York, July 24, 1846, traces his 
lineage (as indicated above) back to Peter Hepburn. Just 
when his great-great-grandfather came to this country is 
unknown (probably about 1 700), but he died in Stratford, 
Connecticut, in 1742. 

The life and public services of Mr, A. B. Hepburn, as 
sketched in Tlie Bariking Law Journal (Vol. VHI., pp. 49- 
50), are as follows : 

Mr. Hepburn fitted for college at St. Lawrence Academy, 



THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 179 

Potsdam, N. Y.. and Falley Seminary, Fulton, N. Y., and 
entered the Middlebury College, Marlborough, Vt., in the 
class of 1 87 1, which institution he left in his Sophomore 
year, owing to sickness. He afterwards became Professor 
of Mathematics in St. Lawrence Academy, and was principal 
of the Ogdensburg Educational Institute in the year 1870. 
He was soon after admitted to the bar and commmenced 
the practice of law at Colton. 

His first public office was that of school commissioner of 
the second district of St. Lawrence County, which position 
he held for three years and a half, resigning to take his seat 
in the New York Assembly the first of January, 1875. He 
represented his district in the Legislature for five successive 
years, during which period he served on the committee on 
Railroads, Insurance, Judiciary, Ways and Means, and other 
important committees, devoting his attention to commercial 
and financial interests, canals, railroads and insurance. As 
chairman of the Insurance Committee he introduced, among 
other important measures, and secured the passage of the 
law making life-insurance policies non-forfeitable after the 
payment of three annual premiums, and requiring the com- 
panies upon application to issue paid-up insurance to an 
amount which the surrender value of the policy would pur- 
chase at regular rates. He was chairman of the Railroad In- 
vestigation Committee, raised at the instance of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce of the city of New York, Board of Trade, 
Transportation and other commercial bodies of the state ; 
took over 6,000 pages of testimony, and reported to the 
Legislature several important measures which became laws; 
among them an act creating the present Railroad Commis- 
sion, an act regulating the use of proxies, and an act defin- 
ing and regulating annual reports, compelling a continuous 
balance sheet. Prior to this act, the railroad reports had 
been a source of confusion rather than of information to an 
investigator. 

In April, 1880, he was appointed by Governor Cornell, 
superintendent of the banking department of the state of 
New York, a position which he held something over three 
years and until succeeded by Willis S. Paine, under Governor 
Cleveland's administration. 

In 1883 he was appointed receiver, and wound up the 



l80 THE HEPBURN FAMILY. 

affairs of the Continental Life Insurance Company of the 
city of New York. 

In June, 1889, he was appointed National Bank Examiner 
for the cities of New York and Brooklyn, by Comptroller 
Lacey and the late Secretary Windom, from which position 
he was promoted by President Harrison July 27, 1892, to 
be Comptroller of the Currency. 

In the early part of the month of January, 1890, a party 
of schemers purchased the control of the Sixth National 
Bank, one of our strongest up-town banks, paying a large 
premium per share for it. The same parties in interest, or 
their friends, had previously bought a controlling interest in 
the Lenox Hill Bank and the Equitable Bank. The checks 
of the Lenox Hill Bank were redeemed through the Sixth 
National Bank at the clearing house ; those of the Equitable 
were made through the Western National Bank. To reim- 
burse the ring for the payment of so large a sum for the 
controlling interest of the Sixth National Bank, immediately 
upon having elected themselves as directors, they com- 
menced to make loans to themselves on various question- 
able securities, and also to sell the good assets of the Sixth 
National. The cashier, Mr. Colston, connected with the 
bank for more than a quarter of a century, becoming alarmed 
at the questionable transfers, notified the clearing house, and 
at this juncture, Mr. Hepburn, who was then National Bank 
Examiner, was called in. By his prompt action in obtain- 
ing partial restitution from these bank wreckers, a large 
amount of money was saved for the bank, and the bank was 
allowed to resume business as soon as the complications 
arising from the abstraction of its securities had been ad- 
justed. The principal conspirators were sent to state's 
prison. Mr. Hepburn's previous connection with the bank- 
ing department of this state, and his broad knowledge of 
the affairs of the various banks, and their clearing-house 
agents at that time, served to doubly justify the wisdom of his 
appointment as National Bank Examiner for the city of New 
York. His administration of this office was characteristic 
of the man, and it is conceded by all who know, that his 
examinations were the most thorough ever made by any 
examiner in New York City. 

About the time of his retirement from the position of 



THE HEPBURN FAMH>Y. l8l 

Comptroller of the Currency, United States Treasury, Mr. 
Hepburn was chosen president of the Third National Bank, 
Nassau Street, New York City, the duties of which he is 
now performing. That it is one of the great financial insti- 
tutions of New York may be inferred from the fact that it 
has a capital of one million dollars. The statement for 
July 1 8, 1894, shows that its loans and discounts were 
^7,522,357.06, and the deposits were ^12,283,271.48. The 
amount of business covered reached the enormous total of 
^i3.77S-034-38- 

" The financial centres," remarks TJie Banking Law Jour- 
nal, " which are more or less affected by good banking in 
New York, are to be congratulated upon having [had] 
one so thorough and efficient in control of the very import- 
ant bureau at Washington." And, with equal propriety, it 
may be added, they are to be congratulated on having him 
in their midst now as the head of one of the great banking 
houses of the city. Continuing, the same authority says : 
" Mr. Hepburn is a man of broad mind and ^reat executive 
ability, and is eminently qualified in every respect to fill the 
position." 

Mr. Hepburn married, first, Harriet A. Fisher, of St. 
Alban's, Vermont, December 10, 1873. She died Decem- 
ber 28, 1881, leaving issue : 

i. Harold Barton, b. April 5, 1876; d. March 27, 1892. 
ii. Charles Fisher, b. July 14, 1878. Now in Worcester 
(Massachusetts) Academy, fitting for college. 

Having remained a widower over six years, Mr. Hepburn 
married, second, Emily L. Eaton, of Montpelier, Vermont, 
July 14, 1887, and they have one daughter, born August 
28, 1890. 

THE END. 



INDKX. 

Page, 

Al'secnni 1 e 'Ch 33 

Adolplins, (iii-tavus 17 

Army, Swedi-li 18 

Arms, Hep' urn 2<) 

Arrnstriiii^, J.uiies lul 

AtIielst;ineford If) 

Baldwin, Julia M 122 

Beaufort, Jane S 

Bell Arthur 167 

Birthpla'.e of Samuel Hepburn 30 

BlMckision. William Henry 134 

Boihvvell, Earls of 7-10 

Brown. Rev. G. L 131 

Brooke, Mrs. Vir>;ilia B 30 

Buchan. Earl of 8 

Castle, Bolhwell 81 

Cathcart, Lord 13 

Cameronians, leader of 25 

Campbell, Frances 97 

Central America, travels in 164 

Colt-man, Dr. Samuel 167 

College, St. Leonard's 16 

Connecticut branch, the 173 

Cooke, Edward 33 

Covenhoven. Crecy 62, 80 

Cowden, Rebecca .. 118 

Crawford, Mary 84,85 

Cummings, Alexander 117 

Darnley, murder of 10 

Diven. John M., marries Susan Hepburn 122 

Doebler, Valentine S 127 

Donegal, Ireland 31 

Dougal family 33 

Douglas, Lady Janet 173 

Duel about religion 24 

Eaton, Emily L 181 

Fisher, Harriet A 181 

Fortune, Soldiers of 14 

Grant, James, quoted 15 

Gray, Sir Andrew 16 

Gordon, Lady Jane 9 

Hall, Louis W 162 

Hart, Dr. E. L., of Elmira 126 



II INDEX. 

Pnge. 

Hayden, Eev. 11. E 151, 152 

Heliron, regiment of 20, 23 

Hepbron family of M;irylatid 170 

Hepburn, James and Will am 5 

" Patrick, finst Emi-I of Botlnvell 7 

" Adam, ficcond Karl 8 

" Patrick, third P:arl 8 

" James, fourth Earl 9 

" Patrick, Bishop of Moray 13 

" John, Prior of St. Andrew's 13 

" James, birtii of 14 

" John, sold er of fortune 14 

" (ileorge, sons of 15 

" Eobert, exciting incidents 23 

" George Buclian 25 

" Eev. John, leader of Cameronians 26 

" Gtn. Francis, hero of Waterloo 28 

" Samuel, father of James, William, Samuel and John 30 

" James and William, emigrate to America 31 

" James, of IVoithumberland, history of 35 

" I'amily of 58 

" William, of Williamsport 59 

" Family of 80, 81 

" Samuel, Jr 81 

Death of, at Milton 82 

" John 81 

" • Samuel, family of 85 

" Settles in Iowa 85 

" Joseph Addison 86, 87 

" Samuel, of Lock Haven 90 

" Andrew Doz, of Williamsport 91 

" Famil}' of. 95 

" James, of Northumberland 96 

" Jane, (Mrs. Campbell) 97 

Mary, (Mrs. Merrill; 99 

" Hopewell, of Norihumberland lOO 

" Sarah, (Mrs. Armstrong) 101 

" Mary, (Mrs. A. V. Parsons) 102 

Family of 104 

" Janet, (Mrs. Matthew Wilson) 104 

" Sarah, (Mrs. Alexander Cunmiings) 117 

" Dr. James, of Williamsport 119 

Family of 121,122 

Crecy, (Mrs. T. P. Simmons) 122 

" Charles, of Williamsport 125 



INDEX. Ill 

Page. 

Hepburn, Harriet, (,Mrs. Dr. Hnrt) 126 

" John, of Williamsport 127 

Family of 127-l.SO 

" Susnn, (Mrs. G. L. lirown) 131 

" Huston, of Williamsport 132 

" Hannah Maria, (Mis. Blackiston) 134 

" Dr. James Curtis, of Milton 135 

" Mis.sionary to China and Japan 136-139 

" Sarah, (Mrs. Governor Pollock) 139 

Rev. Slator Clay, of Milton. HO 

" Long pastorate I'll 

Mary, (Mrs. L. A. Mackey) 141 

" James Huston, of Jer.«ey Shore 143 

" Samuel, of Carlisle H'^ 

" Family of 147 

" Janet, ( .Mrs. Langfake) 147 

Dr.William, of Williamsport 149, loO 

" Dr. Andrew 152 

Family of 154 

" Thomi's 154 

" Eev. Dr. Andn w U 155 

" Charles McGnffey 156 

Dr. Charles ' 157 

" Samuel, Jr 159 

" Family of 162 

" Robert Hopewell : 163 

Family of 165 

William, of Clearfield 165 

" Samuel Coleman 166 

" Patrick, James and John 173 

" Peter, visit to Scotland 174 

" Family of Connecticut 173 

Hon. W. P., of Iowa 176 

" Zina E., descendants of 178 

" Alonzo Barton, history of. 178-181 

Hopewell, Daniel 36 

Hoover, Cynthia 166 

Golden wedding of. 168 

Huston, Elizabeth 80 

Irvin, Elizabeth I-IQ 

James IV 7 

Keith, Hepburn of 27 

Langcake, Baker 14S 

Law and literature 24 

Lloyd, Charles, note on 49 



IV r^DEX 

rage- 

Loyq'oy, Frederick, death of 121 

Lowden, Ciipi. Joliii 3.> 

Mackey, Hon. L. A 141 

Miry Queen of Sc^ts 10, 11 

Marble Qnarry, manager of 163, 16-> 

McClure,, Robert 11(> 

McClellan, Mary , \tJo> 

McCracken, Mary 165 

McMeen, Elizabeth Sharon 152. 

McUiiiiey, William H 156 

Merrill, James , 99 

Moray, Bisboi) of l^ 

Mount Holly, N.J 36 

Mylin, AmosH 13t> 

Nash, Mrs. Mary E , 8(> 

Parks, Mt. Joy arvd Deer 50 

Parsons, Hon, Anson V 102 

Parsons, Hon. H. C , 150 

Parsons family, ancestry of , 151 

Phmket, Margaret 122, 121 

Pollock, Hon. James , lo9 

Potter, Martha 166 

Priestley, Dr. Jose|>h 35 

Qni-gie^ Hon. J. W. 15i> 

Reading, Franklin 121 

Richelieu, grief of 21 

Seton, Castle of 27 

Shipwreck, story of 32 

Sinclair, Agnes 8 

Simmons, Ro.xana 86 

Simmons, Thomas P 122 

Slate, George...... 124 

Small, Janette V.. note 155 

Smith, Col. Kenderton 30 

Smith, Mrs. Mary A 173 

Stewart, Francis 13 

Spynie Casile 11 

Tax, Collection of, in Scotland 24 

Tombstone, record of 34 

Volimteer, Carlisle, quoted 159 

Waterloo, a hero of 2H 

Wilson, Matthew, family history of 104, 107 

Wintoii, Earl of. 27 

Williamson, Samuel • 159 

Wychoff, Peter . 41 



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